Use of death penalty worldwide

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At one time the death penalty was used in almost every part of the globe; but over the last few decades many countries have abolished it. Amnesty International classifies countries in four categories. 76 countries still maintain the death penalty in both law and practice. 91 countries have abolished it completely; 9 retain it, but only for crimes committed in exceptional circumstances (such as crimes committed in time of war). 32 other countries maintain laws permitting the use of the death penalty for ordinary crimes, but have allowed the death penalty to fall into disuse. Finally, it is not unknown for countries to practise extrajudicial execution sporadically or systematically outside their own formal legal frameworks.

Please note that this list includes several unrecognized states with de facto control over their territory.


File:Death Penalty World Map.png
Death Penalty World Map
Color Key:
  • Blue: Abolished for all crimes
  • Green: Abolished for crimes not committed in exceptional circumstances (such as crimes committed in time of war)
  • Orange: Abolitionist in Practice
  • Red: Legal Form of Punishment


Country Death Penalty? Last Execution Number executed (2004) Crimes Eligible for Death Penalty Notes
Abkhazia File:DP orange.png Yes Never 0 treason; espionage; act of terrorism; act of terrorism against a representative of a foreign state; subversive activity; banditry and actions to disorganize the functioning of penitentiary institutions; aggravted murder; rape [1] Moratorium since 1993 [2]
Afghanistan File:DP red.png Yes April 20, 2004 [3] [4] 1 Murder; child smuggling in order to use the victim's body parts
Albania File:DP yellow.png Yes 1995 [5] 0 serious crimes committed in wartime or during a state of emergency [6]. For a full list see here Abolished for other crimes in 2000
Algeria File:DP orange.png Yes August 1993 0 treason and espionage; attempts to change the regime or actions aimed at incitement; destruction of territory, sabotage to public and economic utilities; massacres and slaughters; participation in armed bands or in insurrectionary movements; counterfeiting; murder; acts of torture or cruelty; kidnapping; aggravated theft
Andorra File:DP blue.png No 1943 0 Abolished in 1990; Prohibited by Constitution
Angola File:DP blue.png No 0 Abolished in 1992; Prohibited by Constitution
Antigua and Barbuda File:DP red.png Yes February 2, 1991 [7] [8] 0 Murder
Argentina File:DP yellow.png Yes 1916 [9] 0 Abolished for other crimes in 1984; Constitution states "The penalty of death for political offences, all kinds of torture, and flogging, are forever abolished."
Armenia File:DP blue.png No 1991 [10] 0 Abolished in 2003
Australia File:DP blue.png No February 3, 1967 [11] 0 Abolished in Queensland in 1922, Tasmania in 1968, the Commonwealth in 1973, Northern Territory in 1973, Victoria in 1975, South Australia in 1976, ACT in 1983, Western Australia in 1984, and New South Wales in 1985.
Austria File:DP blue.png No 1950 0 Abolished in 1968; Prohibited by Constitution
Azerbaijan File:DP blue.png No 1992 [12] 0 Abolished in 1998
Bahamas File:DP red.png Yes January 6, 2000 0 Treason; Piracy; Murder [13]
Bahrain File:DP red.png Yes 2000 0 premeditated murder; plotting to topple the regime; collaborating with a foreign hostile country; threatening the life of the Emir; defiance of military orders in time of war or martial state
Bangladesh File:DP red.png Yes 2005 [14] 7 Murder [15]; drug offences [16]; Trafficking in children for immoral or illegal purposes; Trafficking in women for purposes of prostitution [17]
Barbados File:DP red.png Yes 10 October 1984 [18] 0 Murder; Treason [19]
Belarus File:DP red.png Yes 2004 5 acts of aggression; murder of a representative of a foreign state or international organization with the intention to provoke international tension or war; international terrorism; genocide; crimes against the security of humanity; murder with aggravating circumstances; terrorism; terrorist acts; treason that results in loss of life; conspiracy to seize power; sabotage; murder of a police officer; use of weapons of mass destruction; and violations of the laws and customs of war [20] See Capital Punishment in Belarus
Belgium File:DP blue.png No 1950 0 Abolished in 1996; Prohibited by Constitution
Belize File:DP orange.png Yes June 1985 [21] 0 murder, except where extenuating circumstances can be proved [22]
Benin File:DP orange.png Yes 1987 0 armed robbery (PDF); murder [23]; traffickers involved in "labor exploitation" [24]
Bermuda File:DP blue.png No 1977 0 Abolished in 2000
Bhutan File:DP blue.png No 1974 [25] 0 Abolished in 2004
Bolivia File:DP yellow.png Yes 1974 0 Abolished for other crimes in 1997
Bosnia-Herzegovina File:DP blue.png No 1997 0 Abolished in 2001
Botswana File:DP red.png Yes 19 September 2003 [26] 0 Murder; Treason; Attempt on the life of the head of state; Mutiny; Desertion in the face of the enemy [27]
Brazil File:DP yellow.png Yes 1855 0 "serious crime of a military nature committed during wartime" [28] Abolished for other crimes in 1979
Brunei Darussalam File:DP orange.png Yes 1957 0 Murder; unlawful possession of firearms and explosives [29]; possession of heroin, ecstasy and morphine derivatives of more than 15 grams, Cocaine of more than 30 grams, Cannabis of more than 500 grams, Syabu or methamphetamine of more than 50 grams, or Opium of more than 1.2 kg [30]
Bulgaria File:DP blue.png No 1989 0 Abolished in 1998
Burkina Faso File:DP orange.png Yes 1988 0 Treason [31]
Burundi File:DP red.png Yes 2000 or later [32] 0 Murder [33]
Cambodia File:DP blue.png No 0 Abolished in 1989; Prohibited by Constitution
Cameroon File:DP red.png Yes January 1997 [34] 0 secession; espionage; incitement to war [35]
Canada File:DP blue.png No 11 December 1962 0 Removed in July 14, 1976 from the Canadian Criminal Code; removed from National Defence Act on 10 December 1998; For more information see Capital punishment in Canada
Cape Verde File:DP blue.png No 1835 0 Abolished in 1981; Prohibited by Constitution
Central African Republic File:DP orange.png Yes 1981 0 treason; espionage; charlatanism; witchcraft; assassination; murder [36]
Chad File:DP red.png Yes 2003 [37] 0 Murder
Chile File:DP yellow.png Yes 1985 0 Abolished for other crimes in 2001
People's Republic of China File:DP red.png Yes 2005 3,400 Embezzlement [38]; Rape of children [39]; Fraud [40]; Bombing [41]; People trafficking [42]; Piracy; Theft [43]; Corruption; Arson [44]; Murder; "Endangering national security"; Terrorism [45] Abolished in Hong Kong and Macao; For more information is Capital punishment in the People's Republic of China
Republic of China (Taiwan) File:DP red.png Yes 2005 [46] 3 Under military law: treason; espionage; desertion; disobeying orders; hijakcing; [47] Under common law: Murder [48]
Colombia File:DP blue.png No 1909 0 Abolished in 1910; Prohibited by Constitution
Comoros File:DP red.png Yes 1996 or later [49] 0
Democratic Republic of the Congo File:DP red.png Yes 2003 [50] 0
Republic of the Congo File:DP orange.png Yes 1982 0
Cook Islands File:DP orange.png Yes 0 Treason [51]
Costa Rica File:DP blue.png No 1859 [52] 0 Abolished in 1877; Prohibited by Constitution
Côte d'Ivoire File:DP blue.png No none since independence [53] 0 Abolished in 2000
Croatia File:DP blue.png No 1973 [54] 0 Abolished in 1990; Prohibited by Constitution
Cuba File:DP red.png Yes 2003 0 Hijacking [55] [56] [57]; crimes against state security; murder [58]
Cyprus File:DP blue.png No 1962 0 Abolished in 2002
Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus File:DP red.png Yes 0 high treason in times of war; offence of piracy; terrorism jure gentium; repeated conviction of an offence punishable with death sentence [59]
Czech Republic File:DP blue.png No 1989 0 Abolished in 1990 as part of Czechoslovakia; Prohibited by Constitution
Denmark File:DP blue.png No 1950 0 Abolished in 1978
Djibouti File:DP blue.png No none since independence 0 Abolished in 1995
Dominica File:DP red.png Yes 0
Dominican Republic File:DP blue.png No 0 Abolished in 1966; Prohibited by Constitution
East Timor File:DP blue.png No 0 Abolished in 1999
Ecuador File:DP blue.png No 0 Abolished in 1906; Prohibited by Constitution
Egypt File:DP red.png Yes 2004 or later 6 Rape [60]
El Salvador File:DP yellow.png Yes 1973 0 The death penalty may be imposed only in cases provided by military laws during a state of international war [61] Abolished for other crimes in 1983
Equatorial Guinea File:DP red.png Yes 0
Eritrea File:DP red.png Yes 0
Estonia File:DP blue.png No 1991 0 Abolished in 1998
Ethiopia File:DP red.png Yes 0
Fiji File:DP yellow.png Yes 1964 0 Only for crimes under the Republic of Fiji Military Forces Act Abolished for other crimes in 1979
Finland File:DP blue.png No 1944 0 Abolished in 1972; Prohibited by Constitution
France File:DP blue.png No 1977 0 Abolished in 1981
Gabon File:DP red.png Yes 1981 [62] 0
The Gambia File:DP orange.png Yes 1981 0 Treason Abolished in 1993 but was reinstated by Armed Forces Provisional Ruling Council in August 1995 [63]
Georgia File:DP blue.png No 1995 [64] 0 Abolished in 1997
Germany File:DP blue.png No none by authorities of the FRG 0 Abolished in FRG in 1949 and in GDR 1987; last execution in West Germany: 1956 (by US Military Authorities), last execution in East Germany: 1981 (by GDR authorities). Prohibited by the Basic Law since 1949.
Ghana File:DP red.png Yes 1993 [65] 0 Murder; Treason; Armed robbery [66]
Greece File:DP blue.png No 1972 0 Abolished completely in 2004
Grenada File:DP orange.png Yes 1978 0
Guatemala File:DP red.png Yes 1998 or later [67] 0
Guinea-Bissau File:DP blue.png No 1986 0 Abolished in 1993; Prohibited by Constitution
Guinea File:DP red.png Yes 2001 [68] 0 Murder
Guyana File:DP red.png Yes 0 terrorist acts [69]
Haiti File:DP blue.png No 1972 0 Abolished in 1987; Prohibited by Constitution
Honduras File:DP blue.png No 1940 0 Abolished in 1956; Prohibited by Constitution
Hong Kong File:DP blue.png No 1966 0 Abolished in 1993 remains so under Chinese rule
Hungary File:DP blue.png No 1988 0 Abolished in 1990
Iceland File:DP blue.png No 1830 0 Abolished in 1928 reintroduction made unconstitutional in 1995 by unanimous vote of parliament
India File:DP red.png Yes August 14, 2004 [70] 1 murder, instigating a child's suicide, treason, acts of terrorism, or a second conviction for drug trafficking For more information see Capital punishment in India
Indonesia File:DP red.png Yes 2005 [71] 3 Drug trafficking [72]
Iran File:DP red.png Yes 2005 [73] [74] ≈159 [75] Sodomy [76]; Armed Robbery [77]; Terrorism [78]; Drug trafficking [79]; Kidnapping & rape [80]; Murder [81]; Apostasy [82]
Iraq File:DP red.png Yes September 1 2005 [83] 0 murder; endangering national security; distributing drugs; rape; attacks on transport convoys; financing and execution of terrorism [84] [85] Suspended in April 2003 after 2003 invasion; reinstated August 2004
Republic of Ireland File:DP blue.png No 1954 0 Abolished in law in 1990; 21st Amendment to the Constitution (2001) made reintroduction unconstitutional without a further constitutional amendment (and referendum).
Israel File:DP yellow.png Yes 1962 0 Crimes Against Humanity [86] Abolished for other crimes in 1954; only one execution (Adolf Eichmann)
Italy File:DP blue.png No 1947 0 Abolished, except in time of war, in 1948 (by the Constitution). Abolished for all crimes in 1994.
Jamaica File:DP red.png Yes 2003 [87] 0 Murder [88]
Japan File:DP red.png Yes 2005 [89] 2 Prosecutors only push for the death penalty in the case of multiple murders, or if a single murder is combined with either rape or robbery. [90] Only method of capital punishment used in Japan today is hanging. A moratorium was placed on executions for 40 months from 1989 to 1993.
Jordan File:DP red.png Yes 2005 [91] 1 [92] Murder [93]
Kazakhstan File:DP red.png Yes 2003 [94] 0 murder with aggravating circumstances; terrorism; attempt on the life of a person administering justice or preliminary investigations; attempt on the life of the president; state treason; sabotage; planning, preparation, or conduct of aggressive war; use of prohibited means and methods of conducting war; genocide; and mercenary participation in armed conflict [95] moratorium since 17 December, 2003
Kenya File:DP orange.png Yes 1984 0 murder and armed robbery [96]
Kiribati File:DP blue.png No none since independence 0 Abolished in 1979
Kosovo File:DP blue.png No 0 Abolished in 1999 under UN administration [97]
North Korea File:DP red.png Yes 2005 [98] probably 40+ Plots against national sovereignty; terrorism ; treason against the Motherland by citizens; treason against the people; murder [99]
South Korea File:DP red.png Yes 1997 [100] 0 Murder [101] There has been an unofficial moratorium on executions since President Kim Dae-jung took office in February 1998[102]
Kuwait File:DP red.png Yes 2005 [103] 9 Drugs Trafficking; Rape & Murder [104]
Kyrgyzstan File:DP red.png Yes 0 murder; rape of a female minor; genocide [105] President Aksar Akayev extended a moratorium in January 2004 that has been in place since 1998
Laos File:DP red.png Yes 1989 [106] 0 drugs trafficking [107]
Latvia File:DP yellow.png Yes 1996 [108] 0 murder with aggravating circumstances if committed during wartime [109] Abolished for other crimes in 1999
Lebanon File:DP red.png Yes 2004 3 Murder [110]
Lesotho File:DP red.png Yes 0
Liberia File:DP blue.png No 1995 [111] 0 On September 16, 2005 Liberia acceded to the Second Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, completely abolishing the death penalty
Libya File:DP red.png Yes 2005 [112] 0 high treason; attempt to forcibly change the form of government; premeditated murder [113]
Liechtenstein File:DP blue.png No 1785 0 Abolished in 1987
Lithuania File:DP blue.png No 1995 0 Abolished in 1998
Luxembourg File:DP blue.png No 1949 0 Abolished in 1979; Prohibited by Constitution
Macau File:DP blue.png No 0 remains so under Chinese rule
Republic of Macedonia File:DP blue.png No 1988 [114] 0 Abolished in 1991; Prohibited by Constitution
Madagascar File:DP orange.png Yes 1958 0
Malawi File:DP red.png Yes 1992 [115] 0
Malaysia File:DP red.png Yes 2001 [116] 0 Mandatory for Trafficking in dangerous drugs; Discharging a firearm in the Commission of a scheduled offence; Accomplices in case of discharge of firearm; Offences against the Yang di-Pertuan Agong’s person; Murder. Discretionary for Kidnapping; Consorting with person carrying or having possession of arms or explosives; Waging or attempting to wage war or abetting the waging of war against the Yang di-Pertuan Agong, a Ruler or Yang di-Pertua Negeri [117]
Maldives File:DP orange.png Yes 1952 0 Murder [118]
Mali File:DP orange.png Yes 1980 0
Malta File:DP blue.png No 1943 0 Abolished in 2000
Marshall Islands File:DP blue.png No none since indepedence 0 Abolished in 1986; Prohibited by Constitution
Mauritania File:DP orange.png Yes 1987 0 Sodomy [119]; Apostasy [120] Although apostasy is a capital offense there are no recorded executions for it
Mauritius File:DP blue.png No 1987 0 Abolished in 1995
Federated States of Micronesia File:DP blue.png No none since independence 0 Abolished in 1986; Prohibited by Constitution
Mexico File:DP blue.png No 1937 0 Abolished in 2005
Moldova File:DP blue.png No 1985 [121] 0 Abolished in 1995. On September 23 2005 the Moldovan Constitutional Court approved constitutional amendments that explicitly abolished the death penalty[122].
Monaco File:DP blue.png No 1847 0 Abolished in 1962; Prohibited by Constitution
Mongolia File:DP red.png Yes terrorist acts committed for political purposes; terrorist acts against representatives of a foreign State for political purposes; sabotage; premeditated murder committed with aggravating circumstances; and rape with aggravating circumstances ; Armed Robbery [123] [124] According to Amnesty International, executions were carried out in secret and there are no official statistics [125]
Morocco File:DP orange.png Yes 1993 0 Terrorism [126]
Mozambique File:DP blue.png No 1986 0 Abolished in 1990; Prohibited by Constitution
Myanmar File:DP orange.png Yes 1993 0 high treason [127]
Nagorno-Karabakh File:DP orange.png Yes Never 0 de facto moratorium on executions since 1997 [128]
Namibia File:DP blue.png No 1988 0 Abolished in 1990; Prohibited by Constitution
Nauru File:DP orange.png Yes none since indepedence 0 Treason; Piracy; Murder [129] none since indepedence in 1968
Nepal File:DP blue.png No 1979 0 Abolished in 1997; Prohibited by Constitution
Netherlands File:DP blue.png No 1952 0 Abolished in 1982; Prohibited by Constitution
New Zealand File:DP blue.png No 17 February, 1957 0 Abolished in 1989; For more information see Capital punishment in New Zealand
Nicaragua File:DP blue.png No 1930 0 Abolished in 1979; Prohibited by Constitution
Niger File:DP orange.png Yes 1976 0
Nigeria File:DP red.png Yes 2001 [130] 0 Sodomy [131] Each of the 36 states have their own laws. In the north of the country the legal system used is Sharia (Islamic law)
Niue File:DP blue.png No 0
Norway File:DP blue.png No 1948 0 Abolished in 1979
Oman File:DP red.png Yes 2001 [132] 0 Murder; Drug trafficking [133]
Pakistan File:DP red.png Yes 2005 [134] 15 Murder [135]; Sodomy [136]; Gang rape; Mutiny [137]
Palau File:DP blue.png No none since indepedence 0 Abolished in probably 1994
Palestinian National Authority File:DP red.png Yes 2005 [138] [139] [140] 0 Murder; Rape; Collaborating with Israeli forces to assassinate Palestinians [141] There had been an unofficial moratorium since 2002 after President Yasser Arafat stopped authorising executions.
Panama File:DP blue.png No 1903 0 Abolished in 1903; Prohibited by Constitution
Papua New Guinea File:DP orange.png Yes 1950 0 Treason; Piracy; Attempted piracy; wilful murder [142]
Paraguay File:DP blue.png No 1928 0 Abolished in 1992; Prohibited by Constitution
Peru File:DP orange.png Yes 1979 0 Treason in time of war; Terrorism [143] Abolished for other crimes in 1979
Philippines File:DP red.png Yes 2000 0 Kidnapping [144]; murder; serious rape [145]
Poland File:DP blue.png No 1988 0 Abolished in 1997. A criminal law reform including reintroducion of death penalty was proposed in 2004 by Prawo i Sprawiedliwość, but lost in the first reading in the Sejm (vote of 198 against to 194 for with 14 abstentions). Most of the for votes were not in support of death penalty, only for continuing work on criminal code reform. [146]
Portugal File:DP blue.png No 1849 0 Abolished in 1867, except in time of war. full abolition in 1976; explicitly prohibited by Constitution
Qatar File:DP red.png Yes 2001 0 Espionage [147]; Threat to national security [148]; Apostasy [149] Although apostasy is a capital offense there are no recorded executions for it
Romania File:DP blue.png No 1989 0 Abolished in 1990 [150]; Prohibited by Constitution
Russian Federation File:DP orange.png Yes 1999 0 murder with aggravating circumstances; assassination attempt against a state or public figure; attempt on the life of a person administering justice or preliminary investigations; attempt on the life of a law-enforcement officer; genocide [151] On 16 April, 1997 Russia signed the Sixth Protocol to the European Convention on Human Rights, but the has yet to ratify it. There has been a moratorium on executions since 1996; No executions in Russian Federation August 1996, though one took place in 1999 in Chechen Republic
Rwanda File:DP red.png Yes 1998 [152] 0 Genocide [153]
Saint Kitts and Nevis File:DP red.png Yes July 20, 1998 0 Murder [154]
Saint Lucia File:DP red.png Yes 17 October, 1995 0 Murder; Treason [155]
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines File:DP red.png Yes February 13, 1995 0 Murder; Treason [156]
Samoa File:DP blue.png No 1950s 0 Abolished 21 January, 2004 [157] [158]
San Marino File:DP blue.png No 1468 0 Abolished in 1865
São Tomé and Príncipe File:DP blue.png No none since independence 0 Abolished in 1990; Prohibited by Constitution
Saudi Arabia File:DP red.png Yes 2005 [159] [160] 33 Many violent and nonviolent offenses including murder, apostasy, drug offenses, witchcraft and sexual misconduct. [161] Method most often used is beheading by a sword
Senegal File:DP blue.png No 1967 0 Abolished in 10 December, 2004
Serbia and Montenegro File:DP blue.png No 1992 0 Abolished in 1995 on Federal level, local legislation adjusted in 2002 [162]
Seychelles File:DP blue.png No none since independence 0 Abolished in 1993; Prohibited by Constitution
Sierra Leone File:DP red.png Yes 1998 0 Treason [163]; Murder; Aggravated robbery Under the Special Court for Sierra Leone the death penalty is not a punishment for war crimes [164]
Singapore File:DP red.png Yes 2005 [165] 6 murder, kidnapping, treason, certain firearm offences, trafficking in more than 15 grams (half an ounce) of heroin, 30 grams of cocaine or 500 grams of cannabis [166]
Slovakia File:DP blue.png No 1989 0 Abolished in 1990 as part of Czechoslovakia; Prohibited by Constitution
Slovenia File:DP blue.png No 1957 0 Abolished in 1989; Prohibited by Constitution
Solomon Islands File:DP blue.png No never 0 Abolished in 1978 [167]
Somalia File:DP red.png Yes 2004 [168] 4 [169] After the breakdown of de jure government, most regions reverted to Islamic law
Somaliland File:DP red.png Yes
South Africa File:DP blue.png No 31 January 1991 [170] 0 Abolished in 1997. On 25 May, 2005 the Constitutional Court ordered that all remaining death sentences in the country be set aside and the prisoners resentenced. This last execution occurred in the internationally unrecognised Black "homelands". The last execution in Pretoria Central Prison was on November 14 1989.
South Ossetia File:DP orange.png Yes Never 0 premeditated murder with aggravating circumstances; assassination attempt against a state or public figure; assassination attempt against a person administering justice or conducting a preliminary investigation; assassination attempt against a law enforcement officer; genocide de facto moratorium since 1996
Spain File:DP blue.png No 1975 0 Abolished in 1995
Sri Lanka File:DP orange.png Yes June 23, 1976 [171] 0 murder; Perjury causing an innocent person to be executed; offences against the State; economic offences; drug offences; arms trading moratorium since July 1976
Sudan File:DP red.png Yes 2004 [172] 2 Sodomy [173]; Waging war against the state [174]; Apostasy [175]; Prostitution; Treason; Acts which may endanger the independence or unity of the state; Murder; Armed robbery; Weapons possession and smuggling [176]
Suriname File:DP orange.png Yes 1982 0 aggravated murder; premeditated murder; treason [177]
Swaziland File:DP orange.png Yes 1983 [178] 0 Murder [179]; treason [180]
Sweden File:DP blue.png No 1910 0 Abolished completely in 1972; Prohibited by Constitution
Switzerland File:DP blue.png No 1944 0 Abolished in 1992
Syria File:DP red.png Yes 2004 [181] 2 treason; murder; political acts such as bearing arms against Syria in the ranks of the enemy, desertion of the armed forces to the enemy and acts of incitement under martial law or in wartime; violent robberies; rape; verbal opposition to the government; and membership in the Muslim Brotherhood [182]
Tajikistan File:DP red.png Yes 2004 4 murder with aggravating circumstances; rape with aggravating circumstances; terrorism; biocide; genocide [183] Moratorium introduced 30 April, 2004 by President Emomali Rahmonov
Tanzania File:DP red.png Yes 1994 0 Murder; Treason [184]
Thailand File:DP red.png Yes December 12, 2003 [185] 0 Offenses include Regicide; Sedition or Rebellion; Offences committed against the external security of Thailand; Murder or attempted murder of a foreign head of state; Bribery; Arson; Rape; Murder with intent; Kidnapping; Robbery resulting in death. For a full list see here (PDF)
Togo File:DP orange.png Yes 1978 [186] 0 Premeditated murder; plots against the security of the State [187]
Tonga File:DP orange.png Yes 1982 0 Treason; Murder [188]
Transnistria File:DP orange.png Yes never 0 murder; attempt to murder a state or public official; armed rebellion; attempt to murder a magistrate or investigator; attempt to murder a law enforcement agent; genocide [189] Moratorium since January 1, 1999
Trinidad and Tobago File:DP red.png Yes July 28, 1999 [190] 0 Murder; Treason [191]
Tunisia File:DP orange.png Yes 1991 0 Murder; violence and aggression; attacks against the internal security of the State; attacks against the external security of the State [192]
Turkey File:DP blue.png No 25 October 1984 0 Abolished completely July 21, 2004; Prohibited by Constitution
Turkmenistan File:DP blue.png No 0 Abolished in 1999; Prohibited by Constitution
Turks and Caicos Islands File:DP blue.png No 0 Abolished in 2002 (PDF)
Tuvalu File:DP blue.png No none since independence 0 Abolished in 1978
Uganda File:DP red.png Yes 2003 [193] 0 Treason; Terrorism; Murder [194]; Rape; Defilement; Aggravated robbery; Aggravated kidnapping On June 14, 2005 the Constitutional court ruled that although the death penalty was constitutional, its use as a mandatory punishment for certain crimes was not. [195]
Ukraine File:DP blue.png No March 1997 [196] 0 Abolished in February 2000 after Ukraine Constitutional Court ruled the death penalty was unconstitutional in December 1999. New criminal code passed in April 2001 [197].
United Arab Emirates File:DP red.png Yes 2002 [198] 0 Murder; Drug offences [199]; homosexuality [200] [201]; Rape; Treason; Aggravated robbery; Apostasy; Environmental pollution; Terrorism [202]
United Kingdom File:DP blue.png No 13 August, 1964 0 Abolished completely in 1998; For more information see Capital punishment in the United Kingdom
United States File:DP red.png Yes 9 November 2005 59 Although legally a punishment of several crimes, it has not been applied for any crime other than murder or conspiracy to murder since 1964. It now only used in cases of murder accompanied by previously identified special circumstances (e.g., murder and rape, murder and kidnapping, etc.). The sentence must be handed down by a jury, not by a judge alone; the jury must hand down the sentence at the conclusion of a separate penalty phase of the trial (at least implying the jurors who sentence the person to death were the same jurors who convicted him or her of the crime). For more information see Capital punishment in the United States
Uruguay File:DP blue.png No 1905 [203] 0 Abolished in 1907; Prohibited by Constitution
Uzbekistan File:DP red.png Yes 2005 [204] 62 Murder with aggravating circumstances; Terrorism [205]; Genocide; Crimes of aggression [206] President Islam Karimov signed a decree on 1 August 2005 to replace the death penalty with life imprisonment by 2008 [207]
Vanuatu File:DP blue.png No none since independence 0 Abolished in 1980
Vatican City File:DP blue.png No none 0 Abolished in 1969; Last execution in the Papal States was on July 9, 1870 [208]
Venezuela File:DP blue.png No 0 Abolished in 1863; Prohibited by Constitution
Vietnam File:DP red.png Yes 2005 [209] 64 treason; taking action to overthrow the government; espionage; rebellion; banditry; terrorism; sabotage; hijacking; destruction of national security projects; undermining peace; war crimes; crimes against humanity; manufacturing, concealing and trafficking in narcotic substances; murder; rape; robbery; embezzlement; fraud [210]
Western Sahara File:DP red.png Yes
Yemen File:DP red.png Yes 2005 [211] 6 Murder [212]; Adultery [213]; homosexuality [214] [215]; Apostasy [216] Although apostasy is a capital offense there are no recorded executions for it
Zambia File:DP red.png Yes 1997 0 Murder; Aggravated robbery; High treason President Levy Mwanawasa stated in 2004 that "For as long as I remain President, I will not execute a death warrant." [217]
Zimbabwe File:DP red.png Yes June 2003 [218] 0 Treason; Murder; Mutiny [219]

References

it:Uso della pena di morte nel mondo