Temple University is a university in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Temple University was founded in 1884 by Dr. Russell Conwell and became known as Temple College in 1888. In 1907, the college became a fully accredited university. Temple University is the 28th largest university in the United States, is the sixth largest provider of professional education in the country and is known for its programs in law, education, media, business and health sciences.
Temple is a state-related university, meaning it receives public funds and offers reduced tuition for Pennsylvania residents, but is under independent control. This differs from Pennsylvania's public universities and is a status shared only with the University of Pittsburgh, Penn State, and the historically black Lincoln University. Usually, tuition at state-related universities is higher than the tuition at Pennsylvania's public universities due to the independence of the institution.
The School of Dentistry, established in 1863 as the Philadelphia Dental College, is the second-oldest dental school in continuous existence in the United States and, for 140 years, has provided men and women with a strong academic and clinical background for the practice of general dentistry. Temple University School of Medicine has emerged as a school of national reputation. One in every five people who applies to medical school in the United States applies to Temple. In 2005, the MBA program of Temple University’s Fox School of Business and Management has been ranked No. 1 in the U.S. for “Value for Money” by Financial Times. The Temple University Beasley School of Law was ranked #1 in law specialties for Trial Advocacy by U.S. News & World Report's Best Graduate School's of 2005. Well known alumni include Bill Cosby and poet Sonia Sanchez.
Bachelor's, master's, and doctoral programs are offered through the College of Allied Health Professions, the College of Education, the College of Engineering, the College of Liberal Arts, the Boyer College of Music and Department of Dance, the College of Science and Technology, the Tyler School of Art, the Fox School of Business and Management, the School of Communications and Theater, the School of Dentistry, the Graduate School, the Beasley School of Law, the School of Medicine, the School of Pharmacy, the School of Podiatric Medicine, the School of Social Administration & Department of Health Studies, and the School of Tourism and Hospitality Management.
Student life thrives on all Temple campuses. Students have constant opportunities to attend movies, concerts, guest lectures, and performances of all kinds. More than 100 clubs and organizations provide outlets for socializing, competitive political debate (where Temple is a member of the competitive American Parliamentary Debating Association), community service, and more. Student-athletes compete in intercollegiate and intramural athletics. In 2004, the Princeton Review named Temple the fourth-most “connected campus” in the United States in its annual “Top 25 Most Connected Campuses” survey (* http://www.forbes.com).
Resident students, totaling nearly 9,000, live mainly in the high-rise dormitories and apartment-style residences on the Main Campus in North Philadelphia. However, students also live on the Ambler and Tyler campuses. Both coed and single-sex floors are available to accommodate student preferences. Additionally, wellness floors have taken off, asking students to vow to a healthy lifestyle.
The Independence Blue Cross Student Recreation Center provides 59,000 square feet (5,500 m²) of fitness facilities. The Rec Center is just one component of the Liacouras Center. Liacouras, the home court of perennially successful Temple basketball, also houses entertainment venues and a recreation center. In addition, the Student Pavilion, a multi-purpose, 4-court field house provides students with additional recreational space for volleyball, basketball, badminton, floor hockey, indoor soccer, tennis, golf, and much more.
The school's sports teams are called the Owls: this name comes from Temple's early days, when it was a night school. The Owls are primarily members of the Atlantic Ten Conference (A-10), with the notable exception of football. Since their football team participates in the NCAA's Division I-A, and the A-10 is a Division I-AA league, they must maintain separate league affiliation for that sport. The football program was a member of the Big East Conference until its expulsion after the 2004 season due to a variety of program shortcomings, and has since reached an agreement to play a limited Mid-American Conference schedule in 2005 and 2006 before becoming a completely affiliated football-only member and playing a full 8-game league schedule in 2007. The school's men's basketball team is part of the Big Five, the traditional designation for the rivalries between the Owls and their Philadelphia rivals: Penn, St. Joseph's, Villanova, and La Salle.
The Temple University Intercollegiate Athletic Program is nationally recognized, not simply because one of the University's most famous alums - worldwide ambassador of goodwill Bill Cosby - was a track and field and football star in the 1960s. The program is well known because of its outstanding achievements over an extended period of time.
Temple University was among the first institutions in the United States to sponsor extracurricular athletic activities for its students. Both the football and basketball programs were inaugurated back in 1894 under the direction of Coach Charles M. Williams.
For more information see Temple University Sports History
"Onward with Temple. Banners all unfurled; Wide flung our standards, To the winds they're hurled. Following our founder to immortal fame; Making true his vision, Of a deathless name. Hail! Alma Mater, Honor, Praise to thee. We pledge our lives, Our hearts in loyalty. Wisdom, Truth, and Virtue Built our Temple great; Preseverence conquers Higher to create."
"'T' for 'Temple U' U-ni-versity! Fight, fight, fight! For the Cherry and the White, For the Cherry and the White, We'll fight, fight, fight!"
The traditional symbol of the University is the Temple T. Early in his administration, President Peter J. Liacouras chose this particular version of a representational T which was created by students at the Tyler School of Art.
The 'T' is stylized, geometric and logo-like and yet maintains a basic, identifiable form - a simple T, but one which is at the same time both simple and complex.
Story has it that the owl, a nocturnal hunter, was initially adopted as a symbol because Temple University began as a night school for ambitious young people of limited means. Russell Conwell, Temple's founder, encouraged these students with the remark: "The owl of the night makes the eagle of the day."
- Main Campus: Located in Philadelphia, about three miles north of Center City. The campus is bordered by Susquehanna Avenue to the north, Oxford Street to the south, 16th Street to the west, and 10th Street to the east.
- Health Sciences Campus: Located in North Philadelphia specifically spanning broad street from Allegheny to Venago streets. With two hospitals (pediatrics and teaching), a pharmacy college, a nursing college and a dental college it has a strong reputation for integrating all areas of health care into one fluent system. The medical and pharmacy schools are nationally renown. The Pharmacy school in particular is unique in its approach to education of the profession by administering courses that are of more clinical sensibilities to prepare its students for the new roles of the pharmacist as a health care provider in the coming decades.
- Center City: Adjacent to Philadelphia City Hall and Suburban Station, TU-Center City specializes in evening courses for working adults, and offers bachelor's and master's degrees in liberal arts and business.
- Ambler: Originally a junior college, TU-Ambler now has 325 faculty and 4,600 students on a 187 acre (757,000 m²) campus, and offers bachelor's and master's degree programs.
- Harrisburg: Located at Strawberry Square, TU-Harrisburg offers degrees in education, business, and social administration.
- Fort Washington: TU-Fort Washington offers graduate degrees in business, computer engineering, education, and pharmacy.
- Tyler School of Art: Tyler School of Art campus, located in Elkins Park, Pennsylvania, was donated by Stella Elkins Tyler in the 1930's to dedicate as an art school. A controversial move in recent years has lead Temple to plan on closing the campus and moving it to the main campus, despite concerns from students, faculty, and alumni.
- Temple University Japan: Located in Tokyo, TUJ is the oldest and largest campus of any American university in Japan. It has 1,700 students, two-thirds of whom are Japanese. The campus offers nine degree programs and also offers semester and year-long study abroad programs for undergraduates and law students.
Temple also operates its own summer programs on small campuses in London and Rome, and administers an LLM program in China (the only one of its kind) through a cooperative venture with Tsinghua University in Beijing.
- Ben Bova, science fiction author
- Richard Brooks, filmmaker
- Rick Brunson, NBA player
- Bill Cosby, comedian
- Edwin Duing Eshleman, former Republican congressman
- Daryl Hall, musician
- Lois Hamilton, actress
- Trenton Doyle Hancock, artist
- Tim Heidecker, comedian
- Joe Hoeffel, former Democratic congressman
- Eddie Jones, NBA player
- Paul E. Kanjorski, Democratic congressman
- Aaron McKie, NBA player
- Bill Mensch, computer scientist
- Ronn Owens, radio talk show host
- James Parrish, football player
- Bob Saget, comedian
- Jim Saxton, former Republican congressman
- Ed Sciaky, disc jockey
- Tom Sizemore, actor
- John F. Street, Philadelphia mayor
- Eric Wareheim, comedian
- Vincent Fumo, Democratic state senator
- Dan Klecko, Football Player, New England Patriots
- Aaron Weiss, Musician, mewithoutYou
- http://www.temple.edu/ Official university site
- http://www.owlsports.com/ Official Temple athletics site
- http://www.temple-news.com/ Official Temple student newspaper, Temple News
- http://www.temple.edu/temple_times Official university newspaper
- http://www.sbm.temple.edu/ Fox School of Buisness
- http://www.temple.edu/cst/ College of Science and Technology
- http://eagle.cis.temple.edu/ Undergraduate Software Lab