Fulton J Sheen
Archbishop Fulton John Sheen (May 8, 1895 – December 9, 1979) was television's first preacher of note, in the early 1950s on the DuMont Television Network. DuMont was searching for programming ideas and put on a series of rotating religious programs with a Protestant minister, a Jewish rabbi and a Catholic bishop. While the other shows did not catch on, the bishop (Sheen) became an overnight hit, found a sponsor in Admiral television sets, and was DuMont's only Emmy Award winner in its brief period of broadcasting. It also held the distinction of being aired on more stations than any other regularly-scheduled DuMont program.
It has been said that, had Sheen not been a Catholic bishop, he might have been one of America's great Shakespearian actors. With his hypnotic gaze, disarming smile, and dramatic delivery, Sheen knew how to command a television audience. Airing opposite NBC's highly popular Milton Berle show on Tuesday nights, Sheen was the only person ever to give "Mr. Television" a run for his money, drawing as many as 10 million viewers.
(Sheen and Berle enjoyed a friendly rivalry. Berle is reported to have joked, "We both work for the same boss, Sky Chief," making reference to a brand of gasoline produced by Texaco, his sponsor. Later, when Sheen won an Emmy, Berle quipped, "He's got better writers!" (cracking a joke indirectly at the prophets of the Bible and theologians in the Church) - and as a take-off on Berle's popular nickname with the public, Sheen once opened his program by saying, "Good evening, this is Uncle Fultie.")
Sheen's program, called Life Is Worth Living, was highly regarded by the public. When DuMont ceased network broadcasting in 1955, Sheen moved his show to ABC, then lectured for a while, and returned to television in 1961 with The Fulton Sheen Program, essentially another version of Life is Worth Living. The show was broadcast on local stations across America until 1968, with the later programs in color. Times had changed, however, and the 1960's programs did not match the audience of his earlier years. Prior to Life is Worth Living, Sheen appeared on the radio program Catholic Hour from 1930 to 1952.
Though he was known as Fulton (his mother's maiden name), he was baptized Peter John Sheen. He was educated at The Catholic University of America in Washington, D.C. and returned there to teach philosophy after his ordination in 1919. He earned doctorates in philosophy (in Leuven, Belgium) and in theology (in Rome). He later became national director of the Society for the Propagation of the Faith. He was Auxiliary Bishop of New York from 1951 to 1965, and Bishop of Rochester from 1966 to 1969, where he created the Sheen Ecumenical Housing Foundation, which survives to this day. Upon resigning from his position in Rochester, he was appointed Archbishop of the Titular See of Newport (Wales) by Pope Paul VI.
On October 2, 1979, two months before Sheen's death, Pope John Paul II visited St. Patrick's Cathedral in New York City and embraced Sheen, saying, "You have written and spoken well of the Lord Jesus Christ. You are a loyal son of the Church."
- Actor Martin Sheen has said on several occasions that he took his stage name from Bishop Fulton J. Sheen.
- Sheen often referred to his "angel" who would erase the blackboard when Sheen stepped away from it. This duty was performed by a never-seen stagehand.
- The official repository of Sheen's papers, television programs, and other materials is St. Bernard's Institute in Rochester, New York.
- Template:Sheen kicking - Life Is Worth Living
- "If you don't behave as you believe, you will end by believing as you behave."
- "Bye now, and God love you!" - Sheen's traditional closing to the program.
- Sheen, Fulton J. (1980). Treasure in Clay: The Autobiography of Fulton J. Sheen. Doubleday & Company.
- Reeves, Thomas C. (2001). America's Bishop: The Life and Times of Fulton J. Sheen. Encounter Books. ISBN 1-893554-25-2
List of Books by Fulton Sheen
- God and Intelligence, 1925
- Religion Without God, 1928
- The Life of All Living, 1929 Rev. Ed. 1979
- The Divine Romance, 1930
- Old Errors and New Labels, 1931
- Moods and Truths, 1932
- Way of the Cross, 1932
- Seven Last Words, 1933
- Hymn of the Conquered, 1933
- The Eternal Galilean, 1934
- Philosophy of Science, 1934
- The Mystical Body of Christ, 1935
- Calvary and the Mass, 1936
- The Moral Universe, 1936
- The Cross and the Beatitudes, 1937
- The Cross and the Crisis, 1938
- Liberty, Equality and Fraternity, 1938
- The Rainbow of Sorrow, 1938
- Victory over Vice, 1939
- Whence Come Wars, 1940
- The Seven Virtues, 1940
- For God and Country, 1941
- A Declaration of Dependence, 1941
- God and War and Peace, 1942
- The Divine Verdict, 1943
- The Armor of God, 1943
- Philosophies at War, 1943
- Seven Words to the Cross, 1944
- Seven Pillars of Peace, 1944
- Love One Another, 1944
- Seven Words of Jesus and Mary, 1945
- Preface to Religion, 1946
- Characters of the Passion, 1946
- Jesus, Son of Mary, 1947
- Communism and the Conscience of the West, 1948
- Philosophy of Religion, 1948
- Peace of Soul, 1949
- Lift Up Your Heart, 1950
- Three to Get Married, 1951
- The World’s First Love, 1952
- Life Is Worth Living, Vol. 1, 1953
- Life Is Worth Living, Vol. 2, 1954
- The Life of Christ, 1954
- Way to Happiness, 1954
- Way to Inner Peace, 1954
- God Loves You, 1955
- Thinking Life Through, 1955
- Thoughts for Daily Living, 1955
- Life Is Worth Living, Vol. 3, 1955
- Life Is Worth Living, Vol. 4, 1956
- Life Is Worth Living, Vol. 5, 1957
- Life of Christ, 1958; Rev. Ed. 1977
- This Is The Mass, 1958; Rev. Ed. 1965
- This Is Rome, 1960
- Go to Heaven, 1960
- This Is the Holy Land, 1961
- These Are the Sacraments, 1962
- The Priest Is Not His Own, 1963
- Missions and the World Crisis, 1964
- The Power of Love, 1965
- Walk with God, 1965
- Christmas Inspirations, 1966
- Footprints in a Darkened Forest, 1966
- Guide to Contentment, 1967
- Easter Inspirations, 1967
- Those Mysterious Priests, 1974
- Life Is Worth Living, First and Second Series Abridged, 1978
- Treasure in Clay, 1980