University of Minnesota system
The University of Minnesota is a large university with several campuses spread throughout the U.S. state of Minnesota. There are four primary campuses in the Twin Cities, Duluth, Crookston, and Morris. In addition, university services are available in Rochester, and a campus was open in Waseca for a time. The university also operates several research facilities around the state, including some large tracts of land. Another major higher education network in the state is the Minnesota State Colleges and Universities System (MnSCU).
The flagship Twin Cities campus is by far the largest in the system, with a total enrollment of 50,954 as of fall 2004. That made it the second-largest campus in the country at the time, behind Ohio State University's main campus in Columbus. Duluth reported 10,366, Crookston had 2,088, and Morris had 1,839 students, bringing the system-wide total to 65,247 for that semester (numbers for Rochester are apparently counted separately).
Main article: University of Minnesota
Because of its size and several decades of history prior to the addition of other campuses, the University of Minnesota Twin Cities (sometimes abbreviated UMN-TC) is what most people think of upon hearing "University of Minnesota." It can actually be subdivided into multiple parts. Most significantly, Minneapolis and neighboring Saint Paul (actually, the suburb of Falcon Heights) each have distinct campuses. The Minneapolis and St. Paul campuses are connected via a dedicated bus transitway. The buildings on each campus are connected by a series of underground tunnels and above-ground skyways called The Gopher Way. The campus has 50,954 students currently enrolled.
The Minneapolis portion is the largest and has a number of colleges dedicated to a variety of subjects. Minneapolis's campus can be further subdivided into the East Bank (main portion) and West Bank, as the Mississippi River flows through it. Students become well-acquainted with the double-decker Washington Avenue Bridge that connects the two sections. There are a number of distinguished graduate and professional schools in the Minneapolis, notably the University of Minnesota Law School, Medical School, Carlson School of Management, School of Public Health, and Hubert H. Humphrey Institute of Public Affairs. In addition, Minneapolis houses many research facilities such as The Cancer Center.
The Saint Paul campus is more focused on agriculture, though several other subjects can be found there. It is also home to the Minnesota State Fairgrounds. Due to the workings of the U of M phone system, both campuses have 612 area code (Minneapolis) telephone numbers instead of the 651 code that would be expected for the Saint Paul portion. The Minnesota State Fairgrounds is also located in Falcon Heights.
The mascot for the Twin Cities campus is Goldy the Gopher, and the sports teams are called the Minnesota Golden Gophers. They participate in the NCAA's Division I-A and in the Big Ten Conference. Its hockey program competes in the Western Collegiate Hockey Association.
Amongst the graduates from this campus are two former U.S. Vice Presidents, Hubert H. Humphrey and Walter Mondale, former NAACP president Roy Wilkins, several Nobel prize winners, several athletes such as Ric Flair, Brock Lesnar, Curt Hennig, Shelton Benjamin, Bobby Jackson of the NBA, and singer Yanni. A wide variety of medical and technological innovations have taken place there as well. For instance, the Internet Gopher protocol was created at the Twin Cities campus. A predecessor of sorts to the World Wide Web, it was named after the school mascot.
The University of Minnesota Duluth (UMD) became part of the system in 1947, though the campus has a history stretching back to 1895 when it was formed as the Normal School at Duluth. Their teams are nicknamed Bulldogs. Campus media includes the KUMD FM band radio station.
|William Watts Folwell||1869–1884|
|Guy Stanton Ford||1938–1941|
|O. Meredith Wilson||1960–1967|
|C. Peter Magrath||1974–1984|
|Kenneth H. Keller||1984–1985 (acting)|
|Mark G. Yudof||1997–2002|
|Robert H. Bruininks||2002–present|
The University of Minnesota was founded Minneapolis in 1851 as a college preparatory school, seven years prior to Minnesota's statehood. As such, the U enjoys much autonomy from other operations of the state government. The school was closed during the American Civil War, but reopened in 1867. Minneapolis businessman John Sargent Pillsbury is known today as the "Father of the University", and aided the campus through financial troubles as a regent, state senator, and governor. The Morrill Land Grant Colleges Act also helped provide funding for the U.
In 1869 the school reorganized and became an institution of higher education. William Watts Folwell served as the U's first president. An official residence known as Eastcliff has been used by six university presidents since 1958. The 20-room house, originally built by lumber baron Edward Brooks, was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 2000.
Holidays are not observed at the University as often as they are at most other schools, and it is rare for classes to be cancelled on account of weather (at least in the Twin Cities, which is the southernmost campus aside from Rochester). During the traditional autumn through spring year, classes are not held on Thanksgiving Day or the Friday after, and the school traditionally has an extended break covering Christmas and New Year's Day. Classes don't resume in January until the day after Martin Luther King Day. A week-long spring break occurs after the eighth week of the spring term, sometimes coincides with Easter. Evening classes are cancelled once a year to allow students, faculty, and staff to attend the Minnesota caucuses.
There are many other research and outreach centers across the state owned by the university. As of September 2004, these areas plus the campuses are spread across 28,300 acres (44 miles² or 115 km²). Other areas owned by the state and university bring this up to a total of 57,200 acres (89 miles² or 231 km²)
- Cedar Creek Natural History Center
- Cloquet Research Center
- Coleraine Minerals Research Laboratory
- Hormel Institute
- Horticultural Research Center
- Lake Itasca Forestry and Biological Center
- Lamberton Southwest Research and Outreach Center
- Magnuson Research Farm
- Minnesota Landscape Arboretum
- Minnesota Poultry Testing Laboratory
- North Central Research and Outreach Center
- Northwest Research and Outreach Center
- O'Brien Observatory - Marine on the St. Croix
- Sands Plain Research Farm
- Soudan Underground Laboratory
- Southern Research and Outreach Center
- U of M Outreach and Research Education Park
- West Central Research and Outreach
- University of Minnesota
- About the U of M
- Professor-rating and textbook exchange website for the U of M
- The Minnesota Daily
- (October 11, 2004) Official Registration Statistics, Fall 2004. University of Minnesota Office of Institutional Research and Reporting. Retrieved January 16, 2005.
- Lori-Anne Williams and Aaron Strozinsky (September 2004). U Buildings At-a-Glance. University Services, University of Minnesota. Retrieved June 2, 2005.