University of Kentucky

From Example Problems
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Template:Infobox University

The University of Kentucky (also as UK or simply Kentucky) is a public, co-educational university located in Lexington, Kentucky. Founded in 1865, UK is the largest university in the state with over 26,000 students.

UK has 88 certified bachelor degree programs for undergraduates, 93 master's degree programs, and 60 programs in PhD and other doctoral degrees.


History

John Bowman founded the Agricultural and Mechanical College of Kentucky, a publicly chartered department of Kentucky University, as a land-grant university in 1865. The first degree from A&M was awarded in 1869, and James Kennedy Patterson became the first president of the university in that same year. In 1878, A&M separated from Kentucky University, which is now Transylvania University. For the new school, the city of Lexington donated a 52 acre (210,000 m²) park and fair ground, which became the core of UK's present campus. The modern campus covers 670 acres (2.7 km²).

File:UKMillerHall.jpg
Built in 1898, Miller Hall is one of the University of Kentucky's oldest buildings

The college was initially for men only, but women were admitted beginning in 1880. The first female degree recipient was Belle Gunn in 1888. The school's first women's dormitory, Patterson Hall, built in 1904, was the first building constructed apart from the main campus; residents had to cross a swamp (where the Student Center now stands) to reach classrooms. The building was renovated recently and is the oldest still-existing UK dormitory.

The school's name was changed to "State University, Lexington, Kentucky" in 1908, then to "University of Kentucky" in 1916. The University of Kentucky became racially integrated in 1949 when Lyman T. Johnson, a black man, won a lawsuit to be admitted to the graduate program. Undergraduate classes desegregated in 1954.

File:Uk logo.jpg
University Logo

As a land-grant university, UK is affiliated with several satellite institutions spread throughout the state. It formerly operated fourteen community colleges with more than 100 extended sites, centers and campuses, but in a major reorganization of the state's higher education system in 1997, the community colleges were placed under an independent governing board. Nearby Lexington Community College, despite the 1997 reorganization of the community colleges, remained integrated with the university itself, but separated from UK in 2004 and formed its own self-contained program within the community college system. The College of Engineering operates a satellite campus in Paducah, located on the campus of West Kentucky Community and Technical College.

In an interesting show of school pride, Lexington and the surrounding Bluegrass area code was changed several years ago to 859, which spells out "UKY" on the phone.

Academics

File:WilliamtyounglibraryUK.JPG
Completed in 1998, the William T. Young Library serves both the university campus and the Commonwealth of Kentucky.

Under President Todd, the university has articulated a plan to become one of the top 20 universities in the United States. To this end, the UK is becoming more selective in admission, motivating current students, and working to improve its academic programs. The university has top-20 programs in pharmacy, geography, hispanic studies, anatomy and neurobiology, surgery, public finance/budget, behavioral science, applied communications, real estate studies, and international relations (ie, the Patterson School).

The Electrical and Computer Engineering Department was the home and sponsor of one of the earliest college amateur radio stations in the United States, call sign W4JP. The station began continuous operation before World War I and persisted until amateur radio licenses were granted by the US Government. UK's campus is presently home to the independent student-funded 88.1 FM WRFL and the classical/jazz station 91.3 FM WUKY. Finally, UK's campus is also home to The Kentucky Kernel, a student-run, financially independent daily newspaper.

Athletics

File:RupparenaK.JPG
The Kentucky cheerleaders at Rupp Arena during a basketball game

The University of Kentucky is a founding member of the Southeastern Conference. The Kentucky's sports teams (nicknamed the Wildcats) include football, men's & women's basketball, women's volleyball, baseball, softball, men's & women's cross country, men's & women's swimming/diving, women's gymnastics, men's & women's soccer, men's & women's track & field (indoor & outdoor), men's & women's golf, men's & women's tennis, and rifle. The men's soccer team competes in Conference USA because the SEC does not sponsor that sport for men.

The University of Kentucky cheerleaders have won the UCA Division I-A Cheerleading Championship 14 times, more than any other school.

UK has some of the most loyal fans in the country, including the popular Wodie Crew, a staple of Kentucky sporting events. The recent renovation to Rupp Arena has added the E-Rupp-tion Zone, a popular place for students during basketball games.

Basketball

The University of Kentucky men's basketball team is one of the elite NCAA basketball programs, having earned a total of seven NCAA titles and, at the time of this article, more wins than any other school in the history of the sport. Its seven titles were won by four different coaches - Adolph Rupp - 1948, 1949, 1951 and 1958; Joe B. Hall - 1978; Rick Pitino - 1996; and Tubby Smith - 1998. Four coaches with national titles is a record for men's Division I basketball; North Carolina (3) is the only other school with more than two. UK's Rupp Arena has attained legendary status as one of the top 5 most difficult venues in the country for opponents to play.

Several Wildcats teams have reached legendary status within the state, and even among basketball fans elsewhere:

  • The Fabulous Five: The 1948 team not only won the NCAA title, but provided the core of the USA team that won the Olympic gold medal that summer in London.
  • The Fiddlin' Five: The 1958 team was given its nickname by Rupp due to his perception that they tended to "fiddle" early in games. However, they would right their ship in time to give Rupp his fourth and last national title.
  • Rupp's Runts: The 1966 team, with no starter taller than 6'5" (1.96 m), was arguably the most beloved in UK history. Despite its lack of size, it used devastating defensive pressure and a fast-paced offense to take a 27-1 record and top national ranking into the NCAA final against Texas Western. However, the Miners would deny Rupp another title. For more details on the game, see the articles for Rupp and the Miners' coach, Don Haskins. Future NBA coach Pat Riley was a starter on this team.
  • "The Season Without Celebration": Going into the 1977-78 season, the Wildcats faced perhaps the most suffocating expectations of any UK team. That year's senior class had, as freshmen, lost in the 1975 final to UCLA in John Wooden's final game as Bruins coach. The seniors had an outstanding supporting cast, and most Kentucky fans would have accepted nothing less than a national title. Despite its successful run to the title, the team was widely criticized, especially by its own fans, for being too serious and focused, giving rise to the "season without celebration" catchphrase.
  • The Unforgettables: This refers to the 1992 team—more specifically, to the team's four seniors, Richie Farmer, Deron Feldhaus, John Pelphrey, and Sean Woods. They chose to stay with UK despite a major scandal, involving academic fraud and improper payments to a recruit, that engulfed the program in their freshman year of 1988-89. In their senior year, after a two-year absence from postseason play due to NCAA probation, they led the Cats to a deep run in the NCAA tournament, losing in the East Regional final to Duke in a double-overtime game often called the greatest in college basketball history. Making the group even more beloved was the fact that three (Farmer, Feldhaus, Pelphrey) were from small towns in the eastern half of Kentucky.
  • The 1996 team was arguably one of the most talented college teams in recent history, with eight players who would eventually play in the NBA:
This team became the first SEC team in 40 years to go through the conference regular season unbeaten. After stumbling in the SEC tournament final against Mississippi State, they would make a dominating run into the Final Four. They avenged an early-season loss to UMass in the semifinals, and defeated Syracuse in the final. Many of these players, including Scott Padgett, another future NBA player who was academically ineligible in 1996, would be back in the NCAA championship game the next season, losing in overtime to Arizona. Mohammed, Padgett, and Sheppard would play on another well-remembered UK team...
  • The Comeback Cats: The 1998 national champions earned this nickname in their last three games. In the South Regional final against Duke, they gained a measure of payback against Duke for the 1992 defeat, coming back from a 17-point deficit with 9:38 remaining. In the national semifinal, they came back from a double-digit halftime deficit again, this time against Stanford. In the final against Utah, they became the first team to come back from a double-digit halftime deficit in the final game.

Football

The football team is typically much less successful than the basketball team, rarely achieving a winning season. As a member of the football-heavy SEC, they compete against many of the top college football progams in the nation. They play at Commonwealth Stadium. Interestingly, Paul 'Bear' Bryant was head football coach for eight seasons. The university was not large enough to overcome ego differences between the winningest college basketball coach, Adolph Rupp, and the winningest college football coach, Bear Bryant, who was twelve years younger than Rupp. The team's current coach is Rich Brooks.

Notable people

Points of Interest

External links


Template:Kentucky Higher Education

Template:Southeastern Conference