The Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais (Federal University of Minas Gerais or "UFMG") is a public university (and therefore it does not charge any tuition for the enrolled students) located in Belo Horizonte, state of Minas Gerais, Brazil. The students are admitted through yearly exams called vestibular.
The UFMG is one of Brazil's five largest univerisities. It offers 48 different undergraduate courses, including an extremely sought-after medicine course, traditional options such as law and Social Communication, plus a handful of engineering options and a wide array of science and art courses. It also offers 48 PhD programs, 58 master programs, 57 diplomas and 37 medical residence programs, totalling 5.780 graduate students.
The current president of UFMG is Prof. Ana Lúcia Almeida Gazzola. Famous former students include the ex-president Juscelino Kubitschek, the writer, medical doctor and diplomat João Guimarães Rosa, the plastic surgeon Ivo Pitanguy and poet Carlos Drummond de Andrade.
UFMG is located on the north part of Belo Horizonte, in the neighborhood of Pampulha, near Pampulha Domestic Airport and Mineirão stadium. The university has 8.794.767 square meters (built area of 592.053 square meters) and is divided in three campii (Pampulha Campus, Health Campus and Rural Sciences Institute). Inside the Pampulha Campus there is a federal institute for Nuclear Research called CDTN which has 38 buildings, 50 laboratories and includes a 250 kW research Nuclear Reactor built in 1960 called TRIGA.
History of UFMG
In 1898, the Ouro Preto Faculty of Law was transferred to Belo Horizonte, the new state capital. A few new unconnected faculties would appear later: in 1907, the Free School of Dentistry; in 1911, the Faculty of Medicine, the School of Engineering, and a course in pharmacy attached to the Free School of Dentistry.
In 1927, these four schools merged to form the UMG – the University of Minas Gerais, a private institution subsidized by the state government. The UMG remained in the state sphere until 1949, when it was made federal. The current name – UFMG – was not adopted until 1965.
At the time of federalization, the schools of architecture, philosophy and economics were already integrated in the university. Its expansion progressed, creating the schools of nursing (1950), veterinary science (1961), information science (1962), music (1962) and physical education (1969).
In 1968, a universitary reform profoundly altered the structure of UFMG. The Faculty of Philosophy spawned multiple institutions. Thus were born the Faculty of Philosophy and Human Sciences, the Institute of Biological Sciences, the Institute of Exact Sciences, the Institute of Geosciences and the Faculties of Literature and Education.
Most buildings on campus are ugly and massive concrete structures built during the last 30 years using a proprietary system for concrete structure construction designed to make constructions cheap and fast. The design is all by the same group of architects (which work for the University city hall). The buildings have some kind of cheap modernistic style, but without any character or charm, and most of them are in desperate need of repairs. The streets inside the campus (Pampulha) are all coblestone and they have been slowly substituted for pavement. The University City Hall which is one of the only exceptions for the architectural boredom of the campus was designed by Eduardo Mendes Guimarães Júnior and inaugurated in 1962. It has been recently protected by a municipal law (which protected various buldings in Pampulha district). Inside the building there is a gigantic panel by the famous local artist Yara Tupinamba. Yara also built a second massive pannel (made of concrete) on the FUNDEP building.
UFMG in numbers
- Number of vacancies: 4,594
- Research groups: 547
- National patents: 128
- International patents: 24
- Publications: 9,077
- Undergraduate students: 22,202
- Medical Residents: 285
- Master Students: 3,470
- PhD Students: 2,096
- Total students: 35,324
- Teachers: 2,446
- Campuses: 3
- Academic units: 21
- Total units: 44
- Libraries: 28
- Number of students which take the admission exams yearly: 73,827
- Average Ratio of applications/admission: 15,8
- Number of admissions/year: 4,674