The Masters Tournament

From Example Problems
Jump to navigation Jump to search

The Masters is one of four major championships in men's golf and the first to take place each year. Unlike the other major championships, the Masters is held every year at the same location, Augusta National Golf Club, a private golf club in Augusta, Georgia, USA. The Masters was started by Clifford Roberts and Bobby Jones who designed Augusta National with legendary course architect Alister MacKenzie.

In addition to a cash award, the winner of the tournament is presented with a distinctive green jacket, awarded since 1949, highly coveted among professional golfers. The green coat is actually the official coat worn by members of Augusta National while on the club grounds; each Masters winner becomes an honorary member of the club. Winners keep their jacket for the first year after their first victory, then return it to the club to wear during tournament week each following year.

In line with the other majors, winning the Masters gives a golfer several privileges which make his career much more secure, if he is not already one of the elite of the sport. Masters champions are automatically invited to play in the other three majors (the US Open, British Open and the PGA Championship) for the next five years, and earn a lifetime invitation to the Masters. They also receive membership on the PGA TOUR for the following five seasons and invitations to THE PLAYERS Championship for five years.

Controversy

In 1975 Lee Elder became the first African-American to qualify for the Masters. Then, in 1997, headlines were made around the world when Tiger Woods won the Masters. More recently, the club was targeted by Martha Burk, who organized a failed protest at the 2003 Tournament to pressure the club to accept female members.

The club awards successive one-year television contracts to CBS and USA Network. In 2005 CBS televised the Masters for the 50th consecutive year.

Winners

Year Champion Country To par Margin
2005 Tiger Woods United States -12 Playoff (2)
2004 Phil Mickelson United States -9 1
2003 Mike Weir Canada -7 Playoff (2)
2002 Tiger Woods United States -12 3
2001 Tiger Woods United States -16 2
2000 Vijay Singh Fiji -10 3
1999 José María Olazábal Spain -8 2
1998 Mark O'Meara United States -9 1
1997 Tiger Woods United States -18 12
1996 Nick Faldo England -12 5
1995 Ben Crenshaw United States -14 1
1994 José María Olazábal Spain -9 2
1993 Bernhard Langer Germany -11 4
1992 Fred Couples United States -13 2
1991 Ian Woosnam Wales -11 1
1990 Nick Faldo England -10 Playoff (2)
1989 Nick Faldo England -5 Playoff (2)
1988 Sandy Lyle Scotland -7 1
1987 Larry Mize United States -3 Playoff (3)
1986 Jack Nicklaus United States -9 1
1985 Bernhard Langer Germany -6 1
1984 Ben Crenshaw United States -11 1
1983 Seve Ballesteros Spain -8 4
1982 Craig Stadler United States -4 Playoff (2)
1981 Tom Watson United States -8 2
1980 Seve Ballesteros Spain -13 4
1979 Fuzzy Zoeller United States -8 Playoff (3)
1978 Gary Player South Africa -11 1
1977 Tom Watson United States -12 2
1976 Raymond Floyd United States -17 8
1975 Jack Nicklaus United States -12 1
1974 Gary Player South Africa -10 2
1973 Tommy Aaron United States -5 1
1972 Jack Nicklaus United States -2 3
1971 Charles Coody United States -9 2
1970 Billy Casper United States -9 Playoff (2)
1969 George Archer United States -7 1
1968 Bob Goalby United States -11 1
1967 Gay Brewer United States -8 1
1966 Jack Nicklaus United States E Playoff (3)
1965 Jack Nicklaus United States -17 9
1964 Arnold Palmer United States -12 6
1963 Jack Nicklaus United States -2 1
1962 Arnold Palmer United States -8 Playoff (3)
1961 Gary Player South Africa -8 1
1960 Arnold Palmer United States -6 1
1959 Art Wall, Jr. United States -4 1
1958 Arnold Palmer United States -4 1
1957 Doug Ford United States -5 3
1956 Jack Burke, Jr. United States +1 1
1955 Cary Middlecoff United States -9 7
1954 Sam Snead United States +1 Playoff (2)
1953 Ben Hogan United States -14 5
1952 Sam Snead United States -2 4
1951 Ben Hogan United States -8 2
1950 Jimmy Demaret United States -5 2
1949 Sam Snead United States -6 3
1948 Claude Harmon United States -9 5
1947 Jimmy Demaret United States -7 2
1946 Herman Keiser United States -6 1
1945 No tournament N/A N/A N/A
1944 No tournament N/A N/A N/A
1943 No tournament N/A N/A N/A
1942 Byron Nelson United States -8 Playoff (2)
1941 Craig Wood United States -8 3
1940 Jimmy Demaret United States -8 4
1939 Ralph Guldahl United States -9 1
1938 Henry Picard United States -3 2
1937 Byron Nelson United States -5 2
1936 Horton Smith United States -3 1
1935 Gene Sarazen United States -6 Playoff (2)
1934 Horton Smith United States -4 1

Numbers in brackets after "Playoff" indicate the number of players involved.

Multiple winners

The following men have won the Masters Tournament more than once to 2005 inclusive.

  • 6 wins
    • Jack Nicklaus: 1963, 1965, 1966, 1972, 1975, 1986
  • 4 wins
    • Arnold Palmer: 1958, 1960, 1962, 1964
    • Tiger Woods: 1997, 2001, 2002, 2005
  • 3 wins
    • Jimmy Demaret: 1940, 1947, 1950
    • Sam Snead: 1949, 1952, 1954
    • Gary Player: 1961, 1974, 1978
    • Nick Faldo: 1989, 1990, 1996
  • 2 wins
    • Horton Smith: 1934, 1936
    • Byron Nelson: 1937, 1942
    • Ben Hogan: 1951, 1953
    • Tom Watson: 1977, 1981
    • Seve Ballesteros: 1980, 1983
    • Bernhard Langer: 1985, 1993
    • Ben Crenshaw: 1984, 1995
    • Jose Maria Olazabal: 1994, 1999

External links

Template:Footer MensMajors

af:Meesterstoernooi da:The Masters Tournament de:The Masters Tournament fr:Masters de golf ja:マスターズゴルフトーナメント nl:Masters (golf) no:The Masters Tournament sv:The Masters Tournament