Stargate SG-1 (alternately spelled Stargåte, and popularly abbreviated as SG-1) is a television series based upon the 1994 science fiction film Stargate. Unlike other science fiction franchises such as Star Trek or Babylon 5, SG-1 is set in the present day.
MGM owns and licenses the show. The first episode was broadcast on July 27, 1997 on Showtime, which aired the series' first five seasons. Seasons six, seven, eight, and nine were awarded to the SciFi Channel. The SciFi Channel renewed Stargate to broadcast the tenth season in July 2006, meaning the series will certainly surpass The X-Files' nine seasons and 202 episodes as the longest-running science fiction series on American television.
Created by Jonathan Glassner and Brad Wright, SG-1 originally starred Richard Dean Anderson, Michael Shanks, Amanda Tapping, Christopher Judge and Don S. Davis. The cast would change in later seasons. Actor Corin Nemec was a regular during the sixth season, with Michael Shanks making only a few appearances. Davis moved into the background in the eighth season and Anderson in the ninth season; the latter added new regulars Ben Browder and Beau Bridges. A spin-off series, Stargate Atlantis, began airing in July 2004.
- 1 Summary
- 2 Cast
- 3 Episodes
- 4 Broadcasters
- 5 Spin-offs
- 6 Trivia
- 7 DVD Releases
- 8 See also
- 9 External links
- See Stargate for a general summary of this universe, or List of Stargate SG-1 episodes for a detailed plot analysis.
The series follows the adventures of four explorers designated as SG-1, one team among fifteen, who use an alien artifact called a 'Stargate' to travel the vast distances between planets, operating under the aegis of the United States government's secret military base, Stargate Command (the SGC). The very existence of the SGC and all of its activities are covert and SCI-classified ("Sensitive Compartmented Information").
The primary goal of the SG teams is to travel to other worlds through the Stargate and procure alien technology to help defend Earth against the Goa'uld, a galactically dominant alien race who became aware of the planet's now relatively advanced civilization after the recovery of Earth's Stargate and the subsequent destruction of Ra, the supreme Goa'uld System Lord (the events depicted in the 1994 movie). The Stargate teams were frustrated in initial efforts to acquire advanced technology to fight the Goa'uld from more advanced species and offshoots of humanity. Three attempts were made to reverse-engineer alien technology and build its own starships, leading to the production of the F-302 and BC-303 models.
The four original members of SG-1 were Colonel Jonathan "Jack" O'Neill, Captain Samantha "Sam" Carter, Dr. Daniel Jackson and Teal'c, an alien Jaffa. In Season 3, Carter was promoted to a Major. For Season 6, Jackson was replaced by Jonas Quinn, an alien human, but Jackson returned to the show for Season 7.
Originally led by Major General George Hammond, Stargate Command is based in the Cheyenne Mountain Air Force Station, Colorado. The U.S. Air Force is in direct charge of the Stargate program, although from early on there was at least one SG team comprised of U.S. Marines. In later seasons, there was considerable participation in the Stargate program by civilians and non-Americans, including at least one Russian SG team.
At the end of Season 7, Hammond was promoted to Lieutenant General and reassigned to the "Office of Homeworld Security" in the Pentagon. Dr. Elizabeth Weir assumed temporary command of the SGC, after which she was reassigned to the Antarctic base and, subsequently, as leader of the "Atlantis" mission (depicted in Stargate Atlantis). O'Neill was promoted to Brigadier General and he in turn promoted Carter to Lieutenant Colonel and team leader of SG-1.
In Season 9, General Hank Landry replaced O'Neill as commander of the SGC, Dr. Carolyn Lam replaced Brightman and Frasier as Chief Medical Officer, and Lt. Col. Cameron Mitchell became the new Commanding Officer of SG-1.
One of the most endearing qualities of Stargate SG-1 is that it takes place in the present day. Humans, as depicted in the series, are technologically behind some of the alien races the Stargate teams have met, but are rapidly gaining the ability to fight, defend, and benefit from the advances they have been exposed to in both significant and material ways.
Stargate SG-1 is notable for featuring many actors from other prominent science fiction series as guest stars on its show. These included John de Lancie (Star Trek: The Next Generation, Star Trek: Deep Space Nine, Star Trek: Voyager) Jolene Blalock (Star Trek: Enterprise), Robert Picardo (Star Trek: Voyager), Adam Baldwin (Firefly) and Claudia Black (Farscape). This trend extends to Stargate Atlantis, which featured Colm Meaney (Star Trek: The Next Generation, Star Trek: Deep Space Nine) and Jewel Staite (Firefly), as well as Robert Patrick and Mitch Pileggi (both of The X-Files). The recent incorporation of Ben Browder (Farscape) as a regular character and Lexa Doig (Andromeda) as a recurring character further cements this trend.
The show remains popular despite entering its ninth season on the air. TV Guide recently proposed that its popularity may be exceeding that of the Star Trek franchise. Stargate SG-1 continues to break records in terms of Nielsen Ratings for the Sci-Fi channel, while the eighth season two-part episode "Reckoning" was widely regarded by fans as one of the five best in the show's history. Although Richard Dean Anderson departs the show as a regular in Season 9, he appears in the first and third episodes of that season and has left the door open for future appearances.
The USAF cooperates closely with the makers of the program. Two successive Chiefs of Staff of the USAF, Generals Michael E. Ryan and John P. Jumper, have appeared in the show, playing themselves. Ryan appeared in the episode "Prodigy" (419) because of his fascination with science fiction, especially space exploration. Jumper made a cameo appearance in "Lost City" (722), the episode that was originally slated to be the show's last. The Air Force Association recognized Richard Dean Anderson at its 57th annual dinner on September 14, 2004 for his work as actor and executive producer of the show and "for the show's continuous positive depiction of the Air Force." 
The original villain of Stargate SG-1, Apophis, was a powerful Goa'uld System Lord who caused the Stargate Program to be brought back into action when he attacked Earth at the beginning of the series. He was however but one of many System Lords who battle for power of the galaxy. All Goa'uld are parasitic beings that take control of other bodies (usually humans, whom they transported across the galaxy in the distant past). System Lords usually have vast armies of footsoldiers called Jaffa.
SG-1 and the SGC make several alliances with other races in the galaxy, such as the Tok'ra, Goa'ulds who share their bodies with their hosts and are opposed to the System Lords, the Tollan, and other advanced human civilisations. They also meet races that have been surviving in the galaxy for millennia, such as the Nox, the Asgard, and the remnants of an extinct race that come to be known as the Ancients. It is later discovered that the Ancients were the most advanced race ever, and were the builders of the Stargates.
In the background of the show, there is a constant attempt by forces on Earth to take over the Stargate Programme. In particular, rogue NID agents, which eventually become the elite syndicate known as The Trust, are constantly trying to steal the Stargate or use alien technology for their own means. The political powers on Earth are often at loggerheads over the Stargate.
Besides the Goa'uld, another threat arises in the early Seasons, namely a race of insentient machines called Replicators. The threat of these becomes so great that a final measure is taken, and, with the help of the Asgard, SG-1 manage to contain every Replicator within a Time-Dilation Field that effectively postpones the problem of them for thousands of years. SG-1 are then able to refocus their efforts on the malignant force of Apophis.
After Apophis is conquered, another Goa'uld System Lord takes his place as the show's main villain, Anubis. Anubis is considerably more evil than Apophis, and has much of the knowledge of the Ancients. The theme of Ascension is introduced, explaining that the Ancients survived extinction by ascending to a higher plane of being. Anubis tried to do this as well, to harvest the vast knowledge and power in that plane, but was cast down again, leaving him in a dangerous half-Ascended state. Anubis gains great power by using Ancient technology and stealing Asgard technology.
Near the end of Season 5, Daniel Jackson is killed, but Ascends. In Season 6, his position is filled by Jonas Quinn, and he is now engaged in cosmic affairs on a higher plane. Occassionally, he appears to his friends to help them out, but is only visible to them alone, often causing them to be sure that they are hallucinating. However, in the Season 6 finale, Anubis threatens to destroy Abydos the planet most dear to Daniel save Earth. He re-enters the physical realm fully and helps the SGC, promising to stop Anubis.
However, Daniel is ultimately unable to stop Anubis as there are to be no interferences in mortal affairs. His transgression causes him to descend back to the human plane of existance, allowing him to re-join SG-1, alive again. Throughout Season 7, Anubis continues to wreak havoc across the galaxy whilst Daniel and the SGC search for the Lost City of the Ancients, where powerful technology will be found that can defeat Anubis. In the Season 7 finale, an Ancient Outpost is located in Antarctica, and Jack O'Neill is able to use the Weapon there to utterly defeat Anubis' entire fleet.
In Season 8, the System Lord Baal subsumes much of Anubis' power, but Anubis is discovered not to be dead due to his half-Ascended state. He eventually comes to rule secretly over Baal as well. Alongside this, the Replicators escape and begin to conquer even the System Lords. A human-form-Replicator ('RepliCarter') is created in the image of Samantha Carter, who becomes the most powerful force in the galaxy.
In the Season 8 finale, Anubis seeks to destroy all life in the galaxy so he can remake it as he sees fit, and he seeks to do this using the Dakara Superweapon, the most powerful piece of Ancient technology known. SG-1 and the Jaffa Rebellion get to it first, and realign the weapon, with Baal's help, to destroy the entire Replicator army. Before it can be used, however, RepliCarter captures and kills Daniel Jackson. Daniel Jackson Ascends for a second time, where Anubis is finally stopped in his plans, and Daniel uses his powers again to give Samantha Carter enough time to eliminate the Replicators, and then he is de-Ascended once more. Baal has to flee under the total success of the Jaffa Rebellion.
In Season 9, Jack O'Neill leaves the show and SG-1 is filled in with Cameron Mitchell. Hank Landry takes control of the SGC. It is discovered that Baal fled to Earth and is rebuilding his power from there, whilst many Goa'uld have totally infected The Trust. Furthermore, factions of Ascended beings form and certain rebels begin to take a more active role in human affairs.
One group of Ascended beings, the Ori, influence the mortal world through commanding mortals that they evolve and enhance. These mortals are called Priors, and uphold a religion that worships the Ori, called Origin. Origin originally existed in distant galaxies, the Ori not aware that the Milky Way contained intelligent life. However when Daniel Jackson and Vala Mal Doran use an Ancient Communication Device to travel to a galaxy in which Origin is ubiquitous, the Ori set about to spread the tyrrany of Origin to the Milky Way, and thus become the most dangerous enemy Earth has faced yet, as they are, unlike the Goa'uld, actually as close to Gods as it is possible for a non-deific being to be.
The SG-1 Fictional Universe
- Main article: Alien races in Stargate
While most of the planets in the Stargate universe house transplanted human populations, several alien races are also featured, and a few of them have important roles in the story.
The chief alien race of SG1 are the Goa'uld, an evil parasitic race that take Humans and some other species for hosts. These aliens often pose as gods to enslave people. Other alien races encountered are the benevolent Asgard, and the incredibly advanced Ancients, who appear mostly in their Ascended forms.
Human civilizations on other planets
- Main article: Human civilizations in Stargate SG-1
In the Stargate universe, the explanation for human presence on other planets is that the Goa'uld used Stargates to transport large numbers of humans to other planets for use as slaves. Most Goa'uld-controlled worlds remain at a lower level of technology than Earth because interference has prevented them from progressing. Their inhabitants are often quite similar to the societies that were imported from Earth, culturally as well as technologically, with some adaptations based on their experiences with the Goa'uld.
A few of the groups so far encountered were abandoned (usually due to a decline of easily mined naqahdah deposits) and have developed on their own to a level of technology far greater than that of contemporary Earth. The premise is that if Earth had not experienced the Dark Ages, it would also have developed to such advanced levels.
One of these advanced human races we see repeatedly are the Tollan, a heavily advanced race SG1 saves from the brink of destruction in first contact with them. The Tollan hold a strict policy of not allowing other less advanced races to access their technology for fear the race will destroy themselves with it.
Humans from Earth are known by alien races as the Tau'ri.
- Main article: Technology in the Stargate universe
There exist a number of more technologically advanced races and societies on the show, who have produced a variety of highly-advanced weapons, tools, and spacecraft.
Chiefly, the Goa'uld possess massive motherships and Death Gliders, and use Ring Transporters for small-distance movement, as well as Zat guns and staff weapons for attack. Some aliens possess devices that can probe memories, detect lies, hold bodies in stasis, create holograms that can act as perfect avatars for the subject, and teleportation devices that can transport things from anywhere to anywhere else without the device itself being near.
- Main article: List of Stargate planets
A number of different planets are seen throughout the series. Every planet other than Earth is assigned a code typically of the form P0X-000, where "0" is replaced by a number and "X" by any letter; these are derived from the coordinate-adjusting program developed by Samantha Carter to make the Abydos Cartouche gate addresses of any use. However, if the local name of a planet is known then that name is usually used in place of the designator code. However, other letters, such as "M" have been seen instead of "P"; it was once thought that because all the planets in the Pegasus Galaxy were "M"-designated that "M" referred to planets in Pegasus rather than P; however, with the appearance of "P" planets in Season Two of Stargate Atlantis, we can now return to the old assumption that "M" stands for "Moon" and "P" for "Planet", and that all the numerically-designated worlds listed in Season One of Atlantis were moons.
Some of the more important planets are:
- Chulak: a Jaffa homeworld, formerly controlled by Apophis. Teal'c's homeworld.
- Dakara: Home of an Ancient superweapon. It is also holy to the Jaffa, who have made it the capital of the new Free Jaffa Nation.
- Abydos: the planet visited in the original Stargate film, as well as several times during the series. Homeworld of Sha're and Skaara. Destroyed by Anubis in Full Circle.
- Tollana: the second homeworld of the technologically advanced Tollan until their destruction.
- Langara: homeworld of Jonas Quinn.
- Orilla: The current Asgard homeworld.
- The Alpha Site: a designation for an uninhabited world with a gate address unknown to the Goa'uld set up in case Earth (or any other human-controlled world) has to be evacuated. In the alternate timeline where it is first introduced, it is called the "Beta Site."
- United States: Showtime (until season 5), Sci Fi Channel (since season 6)
- Australia: Seven Network, TV1
- Austria: ATV+
- Belgium: Kanaal 2 (Dutch Belgium), RTBF (French Belgium)
- Canada: Space: The Imagination Station (English); Z Télé, TQS (French Canada)
- France: M6
- Germany: RTL II
- Poland: HBO and HBO 2
- Portugal: Sic /Sic Radical
- Spain: AXN (cable/satellite), TV3 (Catalonia), Canal 9 (Valencian Community), ETB2 (Basque Country)
- UK: Channel 4, Sky One
Since 1999, several novels have been released based on the Stargate SG-1 series. These books were written by Ashley McConnell.
- Stargate SG-1 (novelization of the series' pilot, "Children of the Gods")
- The Price You Pay
- The First Amendment
- The Morpheus Factor
- Trial By Fire by Sabine C. Bauer
- Sacrifice Moon by Julie Fortune)
- A Matter Of Honour [1 of 2] by Sally Malcolm
- City Of The Gods by Sonny Whitelaw
- The Cost Of Honour [2 of 2] by Sally Malcolm
- Siren Song by Jamie Duncan and Holly Scott (upcoming)
- Survival of the Fittest (upcoming)
- Main article: Stargate SG-1 (comics)
The original film did not develop as much of the setting's depth as would be needed in a television series. MGM, which owned the rights, took Roland Emmerich and Dean Devlin's product and handed the reins to a new team of creators (Brad Wright and Jonathan Glassner). This new team introduced many new concepts to make the Stargate universe into a workable weekly science fiction show. Also, certain details were changed.
For example, in the film:
- Ra's species was not named, and Ra was presented as using a sort of incorporeal "possession" of a human host instead of direct biological parasitism.
- Ra was the last of a dying race rather than just one of many Goa'uld.
- Colonel Jack O'Neill's name was spelled O'Neil.
- Colonel Jack O'Neill's wife/ex-wife was named Sarah rather than Sara.
- Jackson's wife's name was Sha'uri, rather than Sha're.
- Abydos was located in the Cirrian galaxy, "on the far side of the known universe", rather than one of the closest Stargates to Earth.
- The Air Force base was under Creek Mountain, rather than Cheyenne Mountain.
- The first time Daniel Jackson sees the Stargate is after he figures out the seven-coordinate address system, but in the TV episode "Lost City", he tells Elizabeth Weir that "I remember when we were first trying to get the Stargate to work, I would just come here, and stare at it for hours."
- In the episode "The Torment of Tantalus", it was clearly stated Catherine Langford was twenty-one in 1945, which would make her about four years old in 1928. However, she is much older in the opening sequence of the film, which is set in that year.
- In the episode "Children of the Gods," O'Neill told General Hammond that their "first clue" Ra was an alien was the fact that his eyes glowed. In the film, O'Neill didn't encouter Ra until after Daniel Jackson had discovered he was an alien.
Several of these differences were simply ignored by the TV series, but others have been addressed in various episodes of Stargate SG-1. For example, it was sarcastically mentioned at one point that there is another Colonel named Jack O'Neil whose name is often mixed up with Jack O'Neill's (and who "has no sense of humor"). Other changes have been explained as advances in technology, such as more precise "aiming" by Earth's dialling computer (to compensate for the drift of the planets in 10,000 years) that prevents the frost effect. Others are most likely just oversights.
Because of these differences, some fans of the film consider the television series as its own separate entity, rather than a proper sequel to the film. Using some of Emmerich's notes, Bill McCay wrote a series of five novels continuing the story the original creators had envisioned.
- The show is filmed in and around Vancouver. Many of the minor characters (and the extras) are Vancouverites. Numerous references to Vancouver culture (eg. place names) have been made throughout the series.
- Alexis Cruz (Skaara) and Erick Avari (Kasuf) are the only actors to appear in both this series and the original film.
- Amanda Tapping (Samantha Carter) and Christopher Judge (Teal'c) are the only cast members who have stayed with the series throughout its entire run.
- Prior to Season Nine, Richard Dean Anderson (Jack O'Neill) appeared in every episode of the series except for "Nightwalkers", "Resurrection", and "New Order Part I".
- The Season Six episode "Nightwalkers" is the only episode to not include any characters from the original film.
- Christopher Judge (Teal'c) has appeared in every episode of the series except for "Prometheus Unbound".
- Colonel/Brigadier General Jack O'Neill and Dr. Daniel Jackson are the only characters to appear in the original Stargate film, Stargate SG-1 and Stargate Atlantis.
- Richard Dean Anderson (Jack O'Neill) and Michael Shanks (Daniel Jackson) are the only actors to appear in the pilots of both Stargate SG-1 and Stargate Atlantis.
- The only actors to play the same character on both Stargate SG-1 and Stargate Atlantis are:
- Richard Dean Anderson (Jack O'Neill)
- Michael Shanks (Daniel Jackson)
- Amanda Tapping (Samantha Carter)
- Don S. Davis (General Hammond)
- Torri Higginson (Elizabeth Weir)
- David Hewlett (Rodney McKay)
- Beau Bridges (General Landry)
- Gary Jones (Sgt. Walter Harriman)
- Dan Shea (Sgt. Siler)
- Ona Grauer (Ayiana)
- Ellie Harvie (Dr. Lindsey Novak)
- Kavan Smith (Major Lorne)
- Christopher Judge (Teal'c), Corin Nemec (Jonas Quinn) and Ben Browder (Cameron Mitchell) are the only regular cast members who have (thus far) not appeared on Stargate Atlantis.
- The Season Nine episode "Avalon (Part 2)" is the first to feature only two members of the original cast: Michael Shanks (Daniel Jackson) and Christopher Judge (Teal'c).
- There are only three episodes of the series in which Teal'c (Christopher Judge) refers to Daniel Jackson (Michael Shanks) as "Daniel" as opposed to "Daniel Jackson": "The Broca Divide", "The First Commandment", and "Forever in a Day".
- Richard Dean Anderson (Jack O'Neill), Michael Shanks (Daniel Jackson), Amanda Tapping (Samantha Carter), Christopher Judge (Teal'c), Don S. Davis (General Hammond), Gary Jones (Sgt. Walter Harriman), and Dan Shea (Sgt. Siler) are the only actors to appear in all nine seasons.
- The second season is the only one in which all five original cast members (Richard Dean Anderson, Michael Shanks, Amanda Tapping, Christopher Judge and Don S. Davis) appear in all 22 episodes.
- The series often follows a direct formula of which where major events (namely the introduction of a villain) is the fault of human curiosity. Including:
- After ignoring it for almost five thousand years, the Goa'uld come to realise that Earth is a threat to them after humanity activates the Stargate and defeats the System Lord, Ra.
- The Replicators are a product of a humanoid android who was created by a human scientist (who can always be characterized as curious).
- The Ori became aware of the Milky Way galaxy after Daniel Jackson and Vala Mal Doran activate an Ancient communication device that sends their consciousnesses to the Ori galaxy.
- See also Stargate Atlantis.
- In keeping with the theme of earthly deities and pantheons it may not seem like the race known as the Nox fit into this theme. However, in Greek mythology, one of the primordial gods (before the Titans and the Olympians) was named Nyx, the goddess of the night. The Roman translation of Nyx is Nox.
- Corin Nemec (Jonas Quinn), Ben Browder (Cameron Mitchell) and Beau Bridges (General Landry) are the only regular cast members who have never died on screen.
Antarctica first appeared in Stargate SG-1 in the Season 1 episode "Solitudes", when O'Neill and Carter arrived to Earth through an unsuspected second stargate. Until rescued, they believed that a high-energy weapon hitting the stargate as they went through made the gate's wormhole jump from the SGC's gate to one on some other (barely-habitable) planet. The Antarctic gate was removed and sent off to Area 51.
Antarctica itself is seen in SG-1 several more times. In "Frozen", an Ancient alien infected with a plague is dug up from the ice. In "Lost City", an Ancient outpost is discovered which leads to Anubis's defeat. Finally, in the Stargate Atlantis premiere "Rising", the eventual Atlantis crew is researching the technology of the Ancient outpost and Jackson discovers how to dial the true lost city of Atlantis.
The city of Atlantis is located in the Pegasus Galaxy, where humans fight to survive against the race that nearly defeated the Ancients, the Wraith. Wraith, which have accelerated healing and can live for thousands of years, use humans as food.
- Main article: Stargate SG-1 DVD
|DVD Name||Release Date|
|Stargate SG-1 Season 1||May 22 2001|
|Stargate SG-1 Season 2||September 3 2002|
|Stargate SG-1 Season 3||June 17 2003|
|Stargate SG-1 Season 4||September 2 2003|
|Stargate SG-1 Season 5||January 20 2004|
|Stargate SG-1 Season 6||March 2 2004|
|Stargate SG-1 Season 7||October 19 2004|
|Stargate SG-1 Season 8||October 4 2005|
|DVD Name||Release Date|
|Stargate SG-1 Season 1||October 21 2002|
|Stargate SG-1 Season 2||January 27 2003|
|Stargate SG-1 Season 3||February 24 2003|
|Stargate SG-1 Season 4||March 31 2003|
|Stargate SG-1 Season 5||April 28 2003|
|Stargate SG-1 Season 6||February 2 2004|
|Stargate SG-1 Season 7||February 28 2005|
|Stargate SG-1 Season 8||February 13 2006|
- Stargate - general information on the Stargate universe
- List of Stargate SG-1 episodes
- The Trust
- Stepping Through the Stargate - collection of essays
- MGM: Stargate SG-1
- SCIFI.COM | Stargate SG-1 hosted by the SciFi Channel
- Gateworld.net: Stargate SG-1
- Template:Imdb title
- Pegasus Galaxy: Stargate SG-1
- Stargate SG-1 Solutions Wiki (StargateWiki)
- Stargate Technology Center
- Stargate SG-1 at the TV IV Wiki
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