Santa Cruz de Tenerife

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Santa Cruz de Tenerife
Map
File:TF SantaCruzdeTF.png
Statistics
Autonomous region: Canary Islands
Province: Santa Cruz de Tenerife
Island: Tenerife
Area: 150.56 km²
some reads 150.54 km²
Population: 219,446 (2004)
Population density: 1,457.33/km²
Elevation: 325 m
Postal code: E-38003
Location: 28.4667/28°28' N lat.
16.26/16°15' W long.
Municipal code: E-38038
Name of inhabitants: Santacruceros or
Chicarreros
Car designation: TF
Politics
Mayor: Miguel Zerolo Aguilar (CC)

Santa Cruz de Tenerife (2003 population 220,022) is a Spanish city on the island of Tenerife, in the Canary Islands.

It is the capital of the province of Santa Cruz de Tenerife and a co-capital of the autonomous community of the Canary Islands. The municipality is the northernmost and the easternmost in the island and only the easternmost in the province.

The city is a seaport and a tropical resort, offering its impressive scenery and mild sub-tropical climate to visitors.

The port also exports products of the Canaries such as vegetables, tobacco, and bananas. The oil refinery, inaugurated in November 28th 1930, and other industries were constructed to attempt to diversify the economy.

Santa Cruz de Tenerife is unusual in having a major oil refinery sited in the city centre. Ecologists groups - particularly ATAN - have drawn attention to the scope for a major disaster should there be a fire at the 70-year old plant. The fact that the city's two major evacuation routes (the North and South highways) both run past the refinery is further cause for concern. This particular case exemplifies the growing conflict between industrial land uses and tourism in Tenerife.

The city's airport was the site of the Tenerife disaster, the worst aircraft accident in history.

Historical population

Year Population Change
1991 200,172 -
1996 203,787 -
2001 188,477 1,453.28/km²
2002 217,414 -
2003 220,022 1,461.36/km²
2004 219,466 1,457.33/km²
File:SanAndrés2.JPG
Playa de Las Teresitas

In 1990, the population slowly boomed above the 200,000 mark but fell in the late-1990s but returned in 2002 and head to a record level in the 2003 census but the 2004 population saw a minor slowdown.

Economy

Services is the main economy along with chemical plants as well as the Canary Islands' only major refinery.

History

The area was known to the Guanches, the first inhabitants of the island, as Añazo. Later, it became one of the most important ports of the Atlantic and the Canary Islands, a position it retains to this day. The development of the city occurred in the 19th century under the mandate of Ferdinand VII, who moved the capital from La Laguna to Santa Cruz.

Naval history

Due to the strategic location of Tenerife on the route between the Mediterranean and the Americas, it was attacked a number of times by the English and the Dutch. In particular, Santa Cruz Bay was the scene of two notable naval engagements involving two of the most famous British admirals.

In 1656, Admiral Robert Blake totally destroyed a Spanish silver fleet of 16 ships for the loss of one of his own, despite being under fire from shore batteries and attacking and withdrawing on the tide. 50 years later, the British under John Genings were defeated when they attacked the island on November 6, 1706 during the War of the Spanish Succession.

Lord Nelson lost his right arm in a later failed attack in the same bay on July 25 1797.

Sites of interest

Attractions

Parks and Squares

  • Parque García Sanabria
  • Plaza de 25 de julio (de los Patos)
  • Plaza de España
  • Plaza de la Candelaria
  • Plaza del Príncipe
  • Plaza de Weyler

Commercial areas

Santa Cruz de Tenerife is famous for its commercial stores, which includins zona Centro (Central part) - calles dal Castillo, San José, del Pilar, Viera y Clavijo and more), zona Rambla (Rambla area) 0 rambla de Pulido, calle Ramón y Cajal and more) and the commercian centres and great in Avenida de 3 Mayo and in the Añaza subdivision.

Nightlife

Santa Cruz is characterized for its nightlife, in contrasts to the nearby university of La Laguna. They are made up of discotheques and pubs. They are known in its maritime park named after César Manrique, Avenida 3 de mayo and Residencial Anaga.

Recently, construction happened in the area of Calle de la Noria, including traditional-style buildings of the city.

Hotels

  • Hotel Mencey *****
  • Hotel Atlántida ****
  • Hotel Escuela Santa Cruz de Tenerife ****
  • Hotel Contemporáneo ***
  • Hotel Príncipe Paz ***
  • Hotel Taburiente ***
  • Hotel Pelinor **
  • Hotel Plaza ***

External links

See also




North: Atlantic Ocean
West: San Cristóbal de La Laguna Santa Cruz de Tenerife East: Atlantic Ocean
Southwest: El Rosario South: El Rosario

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