Ronald Ross

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Sir Ronald Ross (May 13, 1857September 16, 1932) was an English physician. He was born in Nepal as the son of Sir C.C.G. Ross, a General in the English army. He studied malaria in India as a member (1881-99) of the Indian Medical Service, was professor of tropical medicine at University College, Liverpool, from 1902, and directed the Ross Institute and Hospital for Tropical Diseases, London, from 1926. In 1898 he demonstrated the malarial parasite (Plasmodium) in the stomach of the Anopheles mosquito; in West Africa he discovered the mosquito that transmits African fever. He received the 1902 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for his work on malaria and was knighted in 1911. Ross was a pioneer in developing mathematical models for the study of epidemiology. He also published poems, novels, and mathematical studies.

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Ross was elected a Fellow of the Royal College of Surgeons of England SIR RONALD ROSS for his work on malaria, by which he has shown how it enters the organism and thereby has laid the foundation for successful resesarch on this disease and methods of combating it.

Ross's three part paper on the theory of epidemics is available on the web

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