Moscow State University

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File:MGU view.jpg
Moscow State University campus

M.V. Lomonosov Moscow State University (Russian: Московский Государственный Университет имени М.В.Ломоносова, often abbreviated МГУ, MSU, MGU) is the largest and oldest university in Russia, founded in 1755. As of 2004, the university has some 4,000 staff teaching 31,000 students and 7,000 postgraduates.

University history

File:Mgu 1798.jpg
Main buildings of the university in the Mokhovaya Street, 1798. Nowadays these premises house the Departments of Psychology and Journalism.

The university was established on January 25 (January 12 old style), 1755 by a decree of Russian Empress Elizabeth. The actual studies began on April 26. January 25 is still celebrated as the Students' Day in Russia.

Originally allocated in the Principal Medicine Store on the Red Square, the university was transferred by Catherine the Great to the present Neoclassical building on the other side of the Mokhovaya Street.

In 1905 a social-democratic organization was created at the university, calling for the tsar to be overthrown and for Russia to be turned into a republic. The Tsarist government repeatedly began closing the university. In 1911, in a protest of the introduction of troops onto the campus and mistreatment of certain professors, 130 scientists and professors resigned en masse, including prominent ones such as Nikolay Dimitrievich Zelinskiy, Pyotr Nikolaevich Lebedev and Sergei Alekseevich Chaplygin. Thousands of students were expelled in 1911 as well.

After the October Revolution in 1917, the school opened up to allow the children of the proletariat and peasants, not just those of the more well-to-do petit bourgeois. In 1919, tuition fees were done away with, and a preparatory facility was created for children of the working class so that they would be able to pass the admission examinations. The university was renamed in 1940 in honor of its founder Mikhail Lomonosov.

Main building

Since 1953 the main departments are situated on Sparrow Hills. It was designed by architect Lev Vladimirovich Rudnev. In the post-war era, Stalin ordered seven huge tiered neoclassic towers built around the city. The MSU main building was by far the largest. It was also the tallest building in Europe at that time. The central tower being 240m and 36-stories high, was flanked by four huge wings of student and faculty accommodations. It is said to contain a total of 33 kilometers of corridors and 5000 rooms. The star on the top is large enough to provide a small room and a viewing platform; it weighs 12 tons. The building's facades are ornamented with giant clocks, barometers, and thermometers, statues, carved wheat sheaves and Soviet crests. It stands before a terrace featuring statues of male and female students gazing optimistically and confidently into the future.

Departments

Department of Mechanics and Mathematics | Department of Computational Mathematics and Cybernetics | Department of Physics | Department of Chemistry | Department of Materials Science | Department of Biology | Department of Fundamental Medicine | Department of Soil Science | Department of Geology | Department of Geography | Department of History | Department of Philology | Department of Foreign Languages | Department of Philosophy | Department of Sociology | Department of Economics | Department of Law | Department of Journalism | Department of Psychology | The Institute of Asian and African Studies | Department of Public Administration | Higher School of Business Administration | Department of Fine and Performing Arts | Department of Bioengineering and Bioinformatics | Moscow School of Economics | Department of Education

Institutions

Famous alumni and faculty

Aleksei Abrikosov | Anton Chekhov | Boris Chicherin | Ekaterina Dashkova | Vladimir Drinfeld | Vitaly Ginzburg | Mikhail Gorbachev | Alexander Herzen | C A R Hoare | Ion Iliescu | Wassily Kandinsky | Pyotr Kapitsa | Andrey Kolmogorov | Maxim Kontsevich | Igor Kurchatov | Lev Landau | Grigory Landsberg | Grigory Margulis | Sergei Novikov | Alexander Oparin | Andrei Sakharov | Igor Tamm | Nikolai Trubetzkoi

See also

External links

de:Lomonossow-Universität es:Universidad de Moscú eo:Moskva Ŝtata Universitato fr:Université d'État de Moscou ja:モスクワ大学 pt:Universidade de Moscou ru:Московский государственный университет имени М. В. Ломоносова sv:Moskvauniversitetet