Charles Montgomery "Monty" Burns (usually simply Mr. Burns), a fictional character, is the owner of the Springfield Nuclear Power Plant in The Simpsons cartoon series. He is fabulously wealthy, and due to his status as Springfield's leading (and perhaps only) plutocrat, Mr. Burns is able to do whatever he wants with little to no consequences. He is attended at almost all times by Waylon Smithers, his loyal aide and confidant. Harry Shearer is the voice behind the character of Mr. Burns, though Christopher Collins voiced him for the first few episodes. With his unapologetic lack of morals, huge wealth and sprawling influence, Burns represents a cynical view of the 'true face' of modern Corporate America. Burns's parents' names (as stated in The Simpsons Uncensored Family Album) are Daphne (née Charles) and Clifford. Template:Spoiler
Originally, this character was simply called Montgomery Burns, but in an early episode, called "Two Cars in Every Garage and Three Eyes on Every Fish," he yelled "You can't do this to me, I'm Charles Montgomery Burns!", which plays on a quotation from Orson Welles's Citizen Kane ("You can't do this to me, I'm Charles Foster Kane!"). His catchphrase is the word "Excellent" muttered in a low, sinister voice, accompanied by tented fingertips (see Davros).
Burns' birthday is September 15, but the year of his birth is uncertain. His age is most often mentioned as being 104 years. (Though once in the episode "Simpson and Delilah" where Homer became an executive, he stated his age as 81 after Homer guessed 102; and he once had a ninetieth birthday during the series.) Another episode stated that his age was a four digit number (which is also the PIN to his bank account). In another episode he is portrayed terrorizing children in a 19th century woodcut. However, in a flashback episode (see Flying Hellfish squad), WWII stories told to Bart by Grandpa Simpson show Burns as an arrogant young private serving under the then Sergeant Simpson in the European Theater - this would mean Burns was probably born in the early to mid 1920s. In one episode, he claimed to have made a bet with Catherine the Great (putting his birthplace in Russia).
He has credited his longevity to Satan, and/or an operation done to him every Friday night. He has the same blood type as Bart Simpson, "double-O negative". According to tests done at the Mayo Clinic, he has every single disease known to man (including several newly discovered ones) in him, and survives only because they are just barely but perfectly counteracting one another. This fictional medical anomaly is called "Three Stooges Syndrome." He mentions casually in one episode having leprosy after losing a fingernail in Homer's beer, a malady largely unseen today in the Western Hemisphere.
In the 2005 episode "Goo Goo Gai Pan", it was revealed that his driver's license expired in 1909, which would perhaps mean he was born around 1889–1890. Burns graduated from Yale University in the class of 1914 (accordingly, it is probable that he was born in or around 1892).
Because of his age, Burns is very physically weak, often to the point where he seems to straddle the line between life and death. He often has great difficulty doing the most basic physical tasks, such as giving a thumbs-up or stepping on an ant. A single high-five is capable of knocking Burns off his feet. Though he often gets hurt, in one episode it was shown that he undergoes a lengthy weekly procedure, which in the words of Smithers allows Burns to "cheat death for another week." His organs have grown immensely weak over the years: his heart is dessicated and shrunken to the size of a cherry, and on one occasion, Burns' brain fell out through his ear. Another time, his lungs came out through his mouth and acted like an airbag. It has been hinted that Burns can survive without his heart - he stated that when some paper money struck his chest, "had my heart been inside at the time, it could have been fatal". This seems to be a reference to a Russian tale about a heartless giant who chose to hide his heart far away from human hands to be immortal at the cost of becoming evil and cold in the process. He is also light enough to be pushed over by an ant. He is so old he bleeds dust if his finger is pricked. He wears dentures, as evidenced in "Homer the Smithers" ("Hmm... I think I'll have fangs today").
Burns was originally the real villain of the show. However, his very frail, weak body and 19th century mind have become some of the show's running gags; except of course in 'The Simpsons Halloween Special II' where Burns clearly has a strong arm while beating the bag with a shovel in which Homer is still alive.
Occasional flashbacks show his early life. When he was very young he lived happily with his loving, natural parents, little brother George, and his teddy bear Bobo. Apparently his parents even called him "Happy." He chose to give this up and live with a twisted billionaire, again reminiscent of Welles's Citizen Kane. He has since recovered the bear. His mother is still alive, despite her likely age being in the area of 120-140, and is very resentful of her son; it is mentioned that she once had an affair with US President William Howard Taft (1857 - 1930), something that Mr. Burns has never forgiven her for. Anachronistically, she refers to the Springfield Nuclear Power Plant as an "atom mill". Burns's memories of his own childhood are always shown in sepia, in the style of late nineteenth-century cinema.
The Burns family owned "atom mills" at the start of the 20th century, employing strong labourers to split atoms by repeatedly hitting anvils with sledgehammers (his grandfather once had an employee walled up alive in an abandoned charcoal oven for stealing six atoms). As a privileged child Burns would amuse himself by injuring hapless immigrant labourers. Burns sometimes imagines that such activity is still a socially acceptable amusement for the well-to-do. He and his family members are usually portrayed as archetypal early capitalist exploiters - he employs immigrant workers at slave-labour wages, he claims to have ridden a fat man to work for a time, and when Marge suggested "theme days" to improve worker morale, he leapt at the idea of "Child Labour Day". When spying on his workers via his security camera network, he inevitably refers to them using archaic, derogatory terms.
At Yale, he was tapped for the infamous Skull and Bones secret society. He may have had an affair with Countess von Zeppelin, and Burns speaks fluent (though heavily accented) German. Burns himself claims to have personally known President Calvin Coolidge.
In 1939, Burns went to a 25th college reunion at Yale and met Lily Bancroft, the daughter of his old girlfriend. They had a brief affair, which resulted in Lily giving birth to Larry Burns. Her family forced her to give up Larry to an orphanage, and according to Burns, they "bundled her up to a convent in the South Seas." Burns did not meet his son until he was adult, and at that point, found himself unable to be a loving father.
Burns served in the United States Army in World War II, seeing action in Europe under Sergeant Abraham Simpson (see also: Flying Hellfish squad). However, Burns may also have worked for (or traded with) Nazi Germany, as he remarks Schindler and I are like peas in a pod. We're both factory owners, we both made shells for the Nazis; but mine worked damn it!. Burns's close relations with an anachronistic version of Germany are supported by the fact that an Otto von Bismarck lookalike, complete with handlebar moustache and pickelhaube helmet, was the only guest on his side in his failed attempt to marry Jacqueline "Jackie" Bouvier. When Burns meets with a German business consortium to discuss selling the nuclear plant, it is revealed that he speaks fluent German.
At the end of the war he was personally hired by President Harry S. Truman to transport a specially-minted trillion-dollar bill that was the American Government's original contribution to the reconstruction of Europe, but this bill vanished for many years. Though it was discovered to be carried on his person, besides a single failed arrest attempt there was no known investigation or attempt to retrieve the stolen bill. The bill is currently in the hands of Fidel Castro, who stole it when Burns attempted to buy Cuba.
During the 1960s Burns operated a biological weapons laboratory until it was destroyed by peace activists including Mona Simpson (the laboratory's motto was When the H-Bomb isn't enough). Shortly thereafter he built the Springfield Nuclear Power Plant.
He has owned and worked at the Springfield Nuclear Power Plant for the last 50 or so years, obtaining a monopoly over Springfield's energy industry. He also owns the water works and the hotel on Baltic Avenue. Burns has been known to use his control over the city's energy to blackmail mayor Joe Quimby, and the town in general.
He has occasionally run other businesses in Springfield, most notably the Monty Burns Casino which operated for several years after Springfield legalized gambling. He co-owned the "Li'l Lisa" slurry recycling plant and once slant-drilled for oil under Springfield Elementary School.
Burns resides in a vast, ornate mansion on an immense estate called Burns Manor, located at the corner of Croesus and Mammon streets in Springfield (his address is 1000 Mammon Street). His estate is also the site of the annual company picnic.
Burn's sprawling estate is heavily protected by a high wall, electrified fence, attack dogs (which are the source of one of his catchphrases, "Release the hounds"), The Wonderful Wizard of Oz-style guards, and his personal paramilitary force. Homer Simpson once theorized that he had attack dogs with bees in their mouths which bark and shoot bees at would-be callers (Though Burns just locked the door on him.) The estate includes a robotic Richard Simmons, a room with a thousand monkeys at a thousand typewriters, a bottomless pit, a human chessboard (formerly a tennis court), the largest television in the free world, a Hall of Patriots commemorating his ancestors, and rare historical artifacts including the only existing nude photo of Mark Twain, the suit Charlie Chaplin was buried in, King Arthur's mythical sword Excalibur, and a rare first draft of the Constitution with the word "suckers" in it. His home also contains "the playroom" - a theatre showing round-the clock plays (regardless of whether or not anyone is actually watching), a laboratory filled with bizarre equipment, and a safe containing a Beefeater guard. Instead of making his bed, Burns drops the bed through the floor into an incinerator and after the floor closes, a brand new bed comes out of the wall. Various other contraptions in his home include automatic metal restraints on his dining chairs, an elaborate minature railway and an automatic dresser. Burns also controls a unit of paramilitary riot police which he uses to intimidate people, including using them to beat up guests at his birthday party.
Burns's office at the nuclear plant contains similarly odd features. One wall can be raised to reveal various things, including his team of highly-trained lawyers, a special microbe-resistant chamber in which he plans to shelter during a flu epidemic, and a two-seat escape pod—Smithers assumes the second seat is for him, but in fact Burns likes to put his feet up. The office also contains a ceiling-mounted suction tube which he can use to transport dissident workers to Morocco. A gigantic stuffed polar bear can be seen in the corner and the floor opens up to a miniature scale model of Springfield. He uses this model to demonstrate his sun-blocker in "Who Shot Mr. Burns?". He also riddles the office with trap doors and giant metric weights for use against workers. Apparently his entire office can be rotated so that his window has different views. A sliding wall reveals the headquarters of the "League of Evil", a cabal which consisted of a mad scientist, a WWI-era German officer, a cowboy, a US Air Force officer, and a samurai. When Burns calls upon them, however, he finds nothing but their skeletal remains sitting at a conference table, apparently having asphyxiated after decades of neglect. Mr. Burns also had a unit of flying monkeys. However, these were little more than live monkeys with what looked like wings. When Burns unleashed them to go after Homer and Mindy, they jumped out the window and fell to their deaths. Burns then looked at Smithers and said "continue the research".
Burns's telephone number is 636-555-0001 in 'Lisa's Date With Density', and 636-555-0113 in 'A Tale of Two Springfields'. His Social Security number is 000-00-0002 (apparently Franklin Roosevelt was the recipient of 000-00-0001, a fact which annoys Burns).
In 1995 Burns built an elaborate contraption to block out the sun in Springfield, thus ensuring that citizens would have to use his electricity 24 hours a day. The move earned him widespread animosity, and he was ultimately shot, accidentally as it turns out, by Maggie Simpson. Before Maggie was revealed to be the shooter there was a widespread investigation over nearly every citizen in town, as Burns had angered just about everyone with some of his policies over the years. (see: "Who Shot Mr. Burns?") There have been indications over the following years that Maggie might have shot him intentionally.
Burns is a staunchly conservative Republican and is the head of Springfield's local Republican Party (other members include Sideshow Bob, the Rich Texan, Rainer Wolfcastle, Dr. Hibbert, Krusty the Clown, Bob Dole, Ralph Nader, and Count Dracula). In a parody of Rupert Murdoch, he once attempted to buy every media outlet in Springfield but his plans failed after Lisa started her own newspaper.
It is not known who presently stands to inherit his wealth (his manservant and sole confidante, Waylon Smithers, is to be buried alive in Burns' coffin). He chose Bart Simpson as his heir for a period — Burns attempted to isolate Bart from his family and mold him into his own image, but this failed when Bart still displayed loyalty to his family by refusing to fire Homer, and Burns disowned him. Burns may leave his money to the Egg Advisory Council, as he stated he would do this when he felt he had failed to find a suitable heir. He has been engaged at least twice in recent years, to Jacqueline Bouvier and a policewoman named Gloria, but both women left him before the marriage actually took place.
In an attempt to lure people away from the growing cult of the "Movementarians", Burns attempted to start his own religion, with himself as its god. After Smithers advised him not to adopt a "Special K" or a Mickey Mouse-style symbol as its motif, the religion's symbol was decided as a Christmas Tree with a giant "B" on the front. At the grand opening of his new religion, Burns used special effects and his riot police to try and awe the crowd. However, a spark from a Catherine Wheel ignited his fake beard and body suit, resutling in him falling from his balcony after Smithers tried to extinguish the flames.
Burns is apparently an important figure in an obscure Latin American state. When addressing his workers at the power plant, he mixes up his speeches and tells the crowd "Compadres, it is imperative that we crush the freedom fighters before the start of the rainy season. And remember, a shiny new donkey for whoever brings me the head of Colonel Montoya"
State of mind
While fully alert and untouched by senility, Burns is wildly out of touch with the modern world. For example:
- He often slips into using language appropriate for the early 20th century or even the 19th century (such as using "score", meaning 20 years, "twain", meaning 2 years, and "post-haste", meaning rapidly, when speaking)
- He thinks that Prussia is still a separate country (it became part of Germany in 1871)
- Upon arriving at a gas station, Burns orders Marge (whom he mistakes for an attendant) to "revulcanize my tires post-haste", and refers to gasoline as "petroleum distillate". (Interestingly, Petroleum Distillate is still available for sale in some parts of Australia)
- He once claimed to have watched the DuMont Network "last night". (To be fair, Burns only mentioned seeing something "on the DuMont," and thus could have been using the name to refer to the TV set itself. This would be (albeit only slightly) less anachronistic.)
- He once created a model airplane which he called the Spruce Moose; later he threatened Smithers with a revolver to board it.
- He believes that Thailand is still called Siam, and that Congo-Kinshasa is still the Belgian Congo
- He thinks that Cuba is still controlled by Fulgencio Batista (until he flies there and discovers Fidel Castro)
- He calls Principal Skinner "dean" and refers to his grade as "fourth form" while pretending to be a student at Springfield Elementary.
- He thinks that Al Jolson is still alive
- He thinks that India is still part of the British Empire, despite India having gained independence in 1947.
- He thinks that JFK Airport is still called Idlewild Airport
- He demands that his mail be delivered by autogyro, considers donuts to be "ethnic food," and he answers his "telephone machine" with "ahoy ahoy?" (in the manner of Alexander Graham Bell before "hello" became commonplace)
- He still uses the word "gay" in its meaning of "jolly"
- He refers to the television as a "jumping box" and a "picto-tube".
- He believes that there is still a Negro League in professional baseball, and says, after giving Homer Simpson a Joe DiMaggio baseball card, "Apparently they've started letting ethnics into the big leagues".
- When asked about his hobbies during a date, Burns spies the crowd for youthful-looking answers. He says his hobbies include (from seeing kids riding bumper cars) "piloting motorcoaches" and (from seeing a man pick up after his dog) "collecting dog waste", believing that the latter is a commonplace pastime for young people.
- He believes cars still have levers instead of a driving wheel; when learning to drive a car for the first time, he is confident that the manual will tell him "which lever is the velocitator and which is the deceleratrix." He still thinks of driving an automobile as being a special privilege - he drives around town with no regard for traffic laws in the style of rich young motorists of the early 1900's.
- In addition to his limousine, he owns a 1936 maroon Stutz Bearcat, which he drives whilst wearing a Victorian motorists' outfit which includes hat and goggles.
- He writes letters using a quill pen and bottle of ink.
- Trying to chat up a young woman, Burns offers to play the clavichord and to show some "stereopticon images" of the Crimean War.
- Burns has trouble understanding modern slang, such as "in-to".
- Faced by the belated news of the Stock Market Crash of 1929 on his tickertape machine, Burns moves his shareholdings into "that up-and-coming Baltimore Opera Hat Company", "Amalgamated Spats" and "Confederated Slave Holdings".
- In one of his speeches, Burns made references to "the silent star of Lulu".
- He is not aware that "there's a New Mexico".
- He believes that Collier's Weekly is still published.
- He thinks that musicals about "the common cat" and "the King of Siam" are unheard of.
- He is bewildered by the most basic examples of modern technology. In one episode, he mistakes a vending machine for a confectionery shop and starts talking to it. When faced with a sneeze guard in his cafeteria, he is quickly confused and believes it to be "some kind of a force field".
- He thinks Honus Wagner, Cap Anson, and Mordecai Brown still play baseball (and are still alive).
- He thinks the New York Yankees are still nicknamed the "New York Nine".
- He is mystified when Lisa mentions "re-sah-gling"
Since New Mexico joined the Union in 1912 - when Burns was probably in his thirties - this indicates that he did not gradually lose touch with modern events, but simply never paid any attention to them. And yet, in a 16th season episode, he recounts from memory the events at Abu Ghraib in a we-can-do-it better context. This suggests that Mr. Burns can pay close attention to modern events, but only if they interest him... such as pain and misery.
For unknown reasons, Burns rarely recognises Homer Simpson's name or face, despite all the major events of Burns's recent years having revolved around Homer in some way. In several episodes, Burns bumps into Homer but does not recognise him, or cannot put a face to his name when he is mentioned. Homer often has to tell Mr. Burns his name, to which Burns replies, "Simpson, eh?" When Homer paints his name on Burns's office wall, Burns inquires who the devil are you?, throwing Homer into a fury.
Real life models
The character of C. M. Burns was originally modeled after Fox Broadcasting Company executive Barry Diller, with notable similarities to Howard Hughes (for example, during a particular bout of eccentricity, he became paranoid about germs, wore tissue boxes on his feet, collected his urine in jars, and built a model plane which he dubbed the Spruce Moose), William Randolph Hearst (indirectly through Citizen Kane), Andrew Carnegie, and others. He bears a striking physical resemblance to Fred Olsen, (see comparison: ) a Norwegian shipping magnate and owner of the Timex watch brand. A popular legend in the U.S. Navy nuclear community is that the character was based on Admiral Hyman G. Rickover, for many years the head of the Navy's nuclear program and famous for his eccentricities. Another popular theory is that Burns' physiology resembles that of the late actor Julian Beck.
Video game appearances
Mr. Burns is the main villain and the final boss of the Simpsons arcade game. In the eighth and last stage, he attempts to destroy the Simpsons using a large mechanical walker, which changes forms as it takes damage.
Mr. Burns appears as a villain in The Simpsons Road Rage video game. He appears in the opening and ending cuscenes. In the opening cutscene, Burns is at City Hall, saying that he controls the transportation system. Burns also appears in Road Rage and Mission modes (only in three missions). At Road Rage mode, Burns just said: Gettim, Smithers. After that, he runs off. Be careful, because Burns will bump you anytime. In Mission 2 in Mission mode, Mr. Burns found out that Homer sneaks out work to watch the game, and plans to sneak back to work. In this mission, put Homer back to work without bumping to Mr. Burns, otherwise, you fail the mission ( Mr. Burns appears at anywhere on this mission). In Mission 7, Mr. Burns attempted to destroy the invention did Professor Frink created for solving Springfield pollution and vehicle problems, after he hears the invention. In this mission, as Professor Frink, drop Mayor Quimby off City Hall, but watch out for Mr. Burns. In Mission 10, defeat Mr. Burns by smashing the statues in his garden, otherwise, you fail this mission when Mr. Burns bumps you. In the closing cutscene, after the million dollars is at Mr. Burns' door, Mr. Burns returns the buses, and washes his hands.
In mission 7 in level 1, Mr. Burns fired Homer Simpson, after he harrassed him. In mission 5 in level 7, Mr. Burns gives Homer the map of where the nuclear waste are.