Marine engineering

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Marine Engineers are the officers of a ship which operate and maintain the propulsion and electrical generation systems onboard a ship. They also design, build, and repair these complicated systems. The merchant and military fleets of the world would not move without them. The field is closely related to mechanical engineering, although the modern engineer requires knowledge (and hands on experience) with electrical, electronic, pneumatic, hydraulic and even nuclear technology on military vessels.

Marine Engineering staff also deal with the "Hotel" facilities onboard, notably the sewage, lighting, air conditioning and water systems. They deal with bulk fuel transfers, and require training in firefighting and first aid, as well as in dealing with the ship's boats and other nautical tasks- especially with cargo loading/discharging gear and safety systems. However in many cases cargo is transfered by the deck officers and deck workers.

The original term engineer on a ship meant the people who dealt with the engines ("The black hand gang"), as opposed to the Consulting Engineer concept. Marine Engineers are generally much more hands on, and often get dirty, sweaty and hot doing their jobs. Care and thought is required, however, especially with heavy machinery in a seaway, and in managing the rest of the engine-room crew.

There are 4 classifications of Marine Engineering licences throught the Coast Guard. Those being Chief Engineer, 1st Engineer, 2nd Engineer, and 3rd Engineer.

A common Engineering crew for a ship is:

(1) Chief Engineer

(1-2) 1st Engineer(s)

(1) 2nd Engineer

(2-3) 3rd Engineers

(1-2) QMED (non-licenced qualified man in the engine department)

(4) Oilers (non-licenced unskilled hands)

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