London borough

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The administrative area of Greater London contains 32 London Boroughs, of which 12 (plus the City of London) make up Inner London and 20 Outer London.

The London boroughs are administered by 'London Borough Councils' which are elected every four years. The boroughs are the most important unit of local government in London, and are responsible for running most local services in their areas. Some functions however are now the responsibillity of the Greater London Authority. Some services and lobbying of government are pooled within the Association of London Government.


  1. City of London
  2. City of Westminster
  3. Kensington and Chelsea
  4. Hammersmith and Fulham
  5. Wandsworth
  6. Lambeth
  7. Southwark
  8. Tower Hamlets
  9. Hackney
  10. Islington
  11. Camden
  12. Brent
  13. Ealing
  14. Hounslow
  15. Richmond
  16. Kingston upon Thames
  17. Merton
  1. Sutton
  2. Croydon
  3. Bromley
  4. Lewisham
  5. Greenwich
  6. Bexley
  7. Havering
  8. Barking and Dagenham
  9. Redbridge
  10. Newham
  11. Waltham Forest
  12. Haringey
  13. Enfield
  14. Barnet
  15. Harrow
  16. Hillingdon
† not a London borough


The present boroughs came into existence on 1 April 1965 with the creation of Greater London. The first London Borough elections had been held in 1964 with the newly elected London Borough Councils acting as "shadow" Authorities before coming into power the following year

They had wider authority than the inner London metropolitan boroughs and neighbouring urban districts and municipal boroughs which they mostly replaced, but less power than the three county boroughs of Croydon, West Ham and East Ham, which ceased to exist at the same time.

Between 1965 and 1986 the London boroughs were part of a two-tier system of government, and shared power with the Greater London Council (GLC). However on on 1 April 1986, the GLC was abolished, the London boroughs inherited most of its powers and became in effect unitary authorities (combining both county and borough functions). Since the creation in 2000 of a new Greater London Authority, covering the former GLC area but with more limited powers, the boroughs now have powers intermediate between those of English unitary authorities and Non-metropolitan districts within administrative counties.

The City of London is administered by its own distinct body, the Corporation of London, which predates the London boroughs.

The word borough has cognates in virtually every Indo-European and Semitic language, as well as others. For a fuller explanation, see under borough.

Inner London Boroughs

New (London) borough Old (Metropolitan) boroughs
Camden Hampstead, Holborn, St Pancras
Greenwich Greenwich, most of Woolwich
Hackney Hackney, Shoreditch, Stoke Newington
Hammersmith and Fulham Hammersmith, Fulham
Islington Islington, Finsbury
Kensington and Chelsea Kensington, Chelsea
Lambeth Lambeth (and Streatham and Clapham from Wandsworth)
Lewisham Lewisham, Deptford
Southwark Bermondsey, Camberwell, Southwark
Tower Hamlets Bethnal Green, Poplar, Stepney
Wandsworth Battersea, Wandsworth (except Streatham and Clapham)
Westminster Paddington, St Marylebone, Westminster

Outer London boroughs

New (London) borough Old areas
Barking and Dagenham Municipal Borough of Barking and Municipal Borough of Dagenham from Essex
Barnet Barnet Urban District and East Barnet Urban District from Hertfordshire
Municipal Borough of Finchley, Municipal Borough of Hendon and Friern Barnet Urban District from Middlesex
Bexley Municipal Borough of Bexley, Municipal Borough of Erith, Crayford Urban District and Sidcup from Chislehurst and Sidcup Urban District from Kent
Brent Municipal Borough of Wembley and Municipal Borough of Willesden from Middlesex
Bromley Municipal Borough of Bromley, Municipal Borough of Beckenham, Orpington Urban District, Penge Urban District and Chislehurst from Chislehurst and Sidcup Urban District from Kent
Croydon County Borough of Croydon and Coulsdon and Purley Urban District from Surrey
Ealing Municipal Borough of Acton, Municipal Borough of Ealing and Municipal Borough of Southall from Middlesex
Enfield Municipal Borough of Edmonton, Municipal Borough of Enfield, Municipal Borough of Southgate from Middlesex
Haringey Municipal Borough of Hornsey, Municipal Borough of Tottenham and Municipal Borough of Wood Green from Middlesex
Harrow Municipal Borough of Harrow from Middlesex
Havering Municipal Borough of Romford and Hornchurch Urban District from Essex
Hillingdon Hayes and Harlington Urban District, Ruislip Northwood Urban District, Municipal Borough of Uxbridge and Yiewsley and West Drayton Urban District from Middlesex
Hounslow Municipal Borough of Brentford and Chiswick, Feltham Urban District and Municipal Borough of Heston and Isleworth from Middlesex
Kingston upon Thames Municipal Borough of Kingston upon Thames, Municipal Borough of Malden and Coombe and Municipal Borough of Surbiton from Surrey
Merton Municipal Borough of Mitcham, Merton and Morden Urban District, Municipal Borough of Wimbledon from Surrey
Newham County Borough of East Ham, County Borough of West Ham and part of Municipal Borough of Barking from Essex
North Woolwich from County of London
Redbridge Municipal Borough of Ilford, Municipal Borough of Wanstead and Woodford and part of Municipal Borough of Dagenham and part of Chigwell Urban District from Essex
Richmond upon Thames Municipal Borough of Barnes and Municipal Borough of Richmond upon Thames from Surrey
Municipal Borough of Twickenham from Middlesex
Sutton Municipal Borough of Beddington, Carshalton Urban District and Municipal Borough of Sutton and Cheam from Surrey
Waltham Forest Municipal Borough of Chingford, Municipal Borough of Leyton and Municipal Borough of Walthamstow from Essex

See also: List of places in London, England

See also

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