List of space shuttle missions

From Example Problems
Jump to navigation Jump to search

This is a list of missions flown by space shuttles. As of 2005, only the United States (File:Flag of the United States.svg) has flown human spaceflight shuttle missions, in the Space Shuttle program, while the Soviet Union (File:Flag of the Soviet Union.png) flew one unmanned flight of the Buran.

Naming in the US Space Shuttle program

The shuttle is officially referred to as the Space Transportation System (STS). Specific shuttle missions are therefore designated with the prefix "STS." Initially, the launches were given sequential numbers indicating order of launch, such as STS-9. Beginning in 1984, each mission was assigned a code, such as STS-41-B, with the first digit indicating the last digit of the federal fiscal year, the second digit indicating the launch site (1 was Kennedy Space Center and 2 was Vandenberg Air Force Base, although Vandenberg was never used), and the letter indicating scheduling sequence. These codes were assigned when the launches were initially scheduled and were not changed as missions were delayed or rescheduled. After the Challenger disaster, a sequential numbering system was restored, with the number according to counting from the beginning, although, unlike the initial system, the assignment of numbers is based on the initial schedule and may not reflect launch order. The letter indicates that the intermediate numbering system applies, and e.g. flight STS-51 was many years after STS-51-A.

As of August 2005, the latest flight was STS-114, marked as the shuttle's first return to space since the Columbia disaster (STS-107).

STS-300 is the current designation by NASA to any Space Shuttle rescue mission to be launched on short notice. It is the only mission designation that rotates to the next available shuttle and has no scheduled launch date.

Flight Statistics

As of August 8, 2005

Shuttle Flight Days Orbits Distance
-mi-
Distance
-km-
Flights Longest flight
-days-
Crew and
passengers
EVAs Mir/ISS
docking
Satellites
deployed
Atlantis 220.40 3,468 89,908,732 144,694,078 26 12.89 161 21 7 / 6 14
Challenger 62.41 995 25,803,940 41,527,416 10 8.23 60 6 0 / 0 10
Columbia 300.74 4,808 125,204,911 201,497,772 28 17.66 160 7 0 / 0 8
Discovery 254.71 3,995 103,510,673 166,584,281 31 12.91 192 28 1 / 5 26
Endeavour 206.60 3,259 85,072,077 136,910,237 19 13.86 130 29 1 / 6 3
Enterprise 0.014 0 Unknown Unknown 0 0.004 >3 0 0 /0 0
Total 1,044.86 16,525 429,500,333 691,213,784 114 17.66 (STS-80) 703 91 9 / 17 61
Buran 1.01 0.14 2 51,764 83,307 1 0.14 0 0 0 / 0 0

List of shuttle flights

Order Day Year Mission Shuttle Duration Landing Site Note
(1) August 12 1977 ALT-1 Enterprise 0d 0h 5m Edwards First free flight of Space Shuttle
(2) September 13 1977 ALT-2 Enterprise 0d 0h 5m Edwards Second free flight
(3) September 23 1977 ALT-3 Enterprise 0d 0h 5m Edwards Third free flight
(4) October 12 1977 ALT-4 Enterprise 0d 0h 2m Edwards Fourth free flight; first flight without tailcone (operational configuration)
(5) October 26 1977 ALT-5 Enterprise 0d 0h 2m Edwards Final free flight
1 April 12 1981 STS-1 Columbia 2d 6h Edwards First reusable spacecraft flight; first flight of Columbia
2 November 12 1981 STS-2 Columbia 2d 6h Edwards Truncated due to fuel cell problem
3 March 22 1982 STS-3 Columbia 8d 0h White Sands Shuttle R&D flight, first landing at White Sands, New Mexico
4 June 27 1982 STS-4 Columbia 7d 1h Edwards Last shuttle R&D flight
5 November 11 1982 STS-5 Columbia 5d 2h Edwards Multiple comsat launches
6 April 4 1983 STS-6 Challenger 5d 0h Edwards TDRS launch; first flight of Challenger
7 June 18 1983 STS-7 Challenger 6d 2h Edwards Multiple comsat launches
8 August 30 1983 STS-8 Challenger 6d 1h Edwards Comsat launch
9 November 28 1983 STS-9 Columbia 10d 7h Edwards Spacelab mission
10 February 3 1984 STS-41-B Challenger 7d 23h Kennedy Comsat launches, first untethered spacewalk; first landing at KSC
11 April 6 1984 STS-41-C Challenger 6d 23h Edwards Solar Max servicing, LDEF launch
12 August 30 1984 STS-41-D Discovery 6d 0h Edwards Multiple comsat launches; first flight of Discovery
13 October 5 1984 STS-41-G Challenger 8d 5h Kennedy Earth Radiation Budget Satellite launch
14 November 8 1984 STS-51-A Discovery 7d 23h Kennedy Multiple comsat launches
15 January 24 1985 STS-51-C Discovery 3d 1h Kennedy Magnum satellite launch
16 April 12 1985 STS-51-D Discovery 6d 23h Kennedy Multiple comsat launches
17 April 29 1985 STS-51-B Challenger 7d 0h Edwards Spacelab mission
18 June 17 1985 STS-51-G Discovery 7d 1h Edwards Multiple comsat launches
19 July 29 1985 STS-51-F Challenger 7d 22h Edwards Spacelab mission
20 August 27 1985 STS-51-I Discovery 7d 2h Edwards Multiple comsat launches
21 October 3 1985 STS-51-J Atlantis 4d 1h Edwards DSCS satellite launch; first flight of Atlantis
22 October 30 1985 STS-61-A Challenger 7d 0h Edwards Spacelab mission
23 November 26 1985 STS-61-B Atlantis 6d 21h Edwards Multiple comsat launches
24 January 12 1986 STS-61-C Columbia 6d 2h Edwards Comsat launch
25 January 28 1986 STS-51-L Challenger 73sec N/A Planned TDRS launch, Loss of vehicle
26 September 29 1988 STS-26 Discovery 4d 1h Edwards TDRS launch; first post Challenger flight
November 15 1988 1K1 Buran 1.01 0d 3h Baikonur Russian unmanned test flight
27 December 2 1988 STS-27 Atlantis 4d 9h Edwards Lacrosse 1 launch
28 March 13 1989 STS-29 Discovery 4d 23h Edwards TDRS launch
29 May 4 1989 STS-30 Atlantis 4d 0h Edwards Magellan Venus probe launch
30 August 8 1989 STS-28 Columbia 5d 1h Edwards Satellite Data System launch
31 October 18 1989 STS-34 Atlantis 4d 23h Edwards Galileo Jupiter probe launch
32 November 22 1989 STS-33 Discovery 5d 0h Edwards Magnum satellite launch
33 January 9 1990 STS-32 Columbia 10d 21h Edwards SYNCOM IV-F5 satellite launch
34 February 28 1990 STS-36 Atlantis 4d 10h Edwards Misty reconnaissance satellite launch
35 April 24 1990 STS-31 Discovery 5d 1h Edwards Hubble Space Telescope launch
36 October 6 1990 STS-41 Discovery 4d 2h Edwards Ulysses solar probe launch
37 November 15 1990 STS-38 Atlantis 4d 21h Kennedy Magnum satellite launch
38 December 2 1990 STS-35 Columbia 8d 23h Edwards Use of ASTRO-1 observatory
39 April 5 1991 STS-37 Atlantis 5d 23h Edwards Compton Gamma Ray Observatory launch
40 April 28 1991 STS-39 Discovery 8d 7h Kennedy First unclassified DoD mission
41 June 5 1991 STS-40 Columbia 9d 2h Edwards Spacelab mission
42 August 2 1991 STS-43 Atlantis 8d 21h Kennedy TDRS launch
43 September 12 1991 STS-48 Discovery 5d 8h Edwards Upper Atmosphere Research Satellite launch
44 November 24 1991 STS-44 Atlantis 6d 22h Edwards DSP satellite launch
45 January 22 1992 STS-42 Discovery 8d 1h Edwards Spacelab mission
46 March 24 1992 STS-45 Atlantis 8d 22h Kennedy ATLAS-1 science platform
47 May 7 1992 STS-49 Endeavour 8d 21h Edwards Intelsat VI repair; first flight of Endeavour
48 June 25 1992 STS-50 Columbia 13d 19h Kennedy Spacelab mission
49 July 31 1992 STS-46 Atlantis 7d 23h Kennedy Attempted tethered satellite deployment
50 September 12 1992 STS-47 Endeavour 7d 22h Kennedy Spacelab mission
51 October 22 1992 STS-52 Columbia 9d 20h Kennedy LAGEOS II, microgravity experiments
52 December 2 1992 STS-53 Discovery 7d 7h Edwards Classified DoD satellite launch
53 January 13 1993 STS-54 Endeavour 5d 23h Kennedy TDRS launch
54 April 8 1993 STS-56 Discovery 9d 6h Kennedy ATLAS-2 science platform
55 April 26 1993 STS-55 Columbia 9d 23h Edwards Spacelab mission
56 June 21 1993 STS-57 Endeavour 9d 23h Kennedy SPACEHAB, EURECA
57 September 12 1993 STS-51 Discovery 9d 20h Kennedy ACTS satellite launched
58 October 18 1993 STS-58 Columbia 14d 0h Edwards Spacelab mission
59 December 2 1993 STS-61 Endeavour 10d 19h Kennedy Hubble Space Telescope servicing
60 February 3 1994 STS-60 Discovery 7d 6h Kennedy SPACEHAB, Wake Shield Facility
61 March 4 1994 STS-62 Columbia 13d 23h Kennedy Microgravity experiments
62 April 9 1994 STS-59 Endeavour 11d 5h Kennedy Space Radar Laboratory-1
63 July 8 1994 STS-65 Columbia 14d 17h Kennedy Spacelab mission
64 September 9 1994 STS-64 Discovery 10d 22h Edwards Multiple science experiments; SPARTAN
65 September 30 1994 STS-68 Endeavour 11d 5h Edwards Space Radar Laboratory-2
66 November 3 1994 STS-66 Atlantis 10d 22h Edwards ATLAS-3 science platform
67 February 3 1995 STS-63 Discovery 8d 6h Kennedy Mir flyaround
68 March 2 1995 STS-67 Endeavour 16d 15h Edwards ASTRO-2
69 June 27 1995 STS-71 Atlantis 9d 19h Kennedy First Shuttle-Mir docking
70 July 13 1995 STS-70 Discovery 8d 22h Kennedy TDRS launch
71 September 7 1995 STS-69 Endeavour 10d 20h Kennedy Wake Shield Facility, SPARTAN
72 October 20 1995 STS-73 Columbia 15d 21h Kennedy Spacelab mission
73 November 12 1995 STS-74 Atlantis 8d 4h Kennedy Shuttle-Mir docking
74 January 11 1996 STS-72 Endeavour 8d 22h Kennedy Retrieved Japan's Space Flyer Unit
75 February 22 1996 STS-75 Columbia 15d 17h Kennedy Tethered satellite
76 March 22 1996 STS-76 Atlantis 9d 5h Kennedy Shuttle-Mir docking
77 May 19 1996 STS-77 Endeavour 10d 0h Kennedy SPACEHAB; SPARTAN
78 June 20 1996 STS-78 Columbia 16d 21h Kennedy Spacelab mission
79 September 16 1996 STS-79 Atlantis 10d 3h Kennedy Shuttle-Mir docking
80 November 19 1996 STS-80 Columbia 17d 15h Kennedy Wake Shield Facility; ASTRO-SPAS
81 January 12 1997 STS-81 Atlantis 10d 4h Kennedy Shuttle-Mir docking
82 February 11 1997 STS-82 Discovery 9d 23h Kennedy Hubble Space Telescope servicing
83 April 4 1997 STS-83 Columbia 3d 23h Kennedy Truncated due to fuel cell problem
84 May 15 1997 STS-84 Atlantis 9d 5h Kennedy Shuttle-Mir docking
85 July 1 1997 STS-94 Columbia 15d 16h Kennedy Spacelab mission
86 August 7 1997 STS-85 Discovery 11d 20h Kennedy CRISTA-SPAS
87 September 25 1997 STS-86 Atlantis 10d 19h Kennedy Shuttle-Mir docking
88 November 19 1997 STS-87 Columbia 15d 16h Kennedy Microgravity experiments
89 January 22 1998 STS-89 Endeavour 8d 19h Kennedy Shuttle-Mir docking
90 April 17 1998 STS-90 Columbia 15d 21h Kennedy Spacelab mission
91 June 2 1998 STS-91 Discovery 9d 19h Kennedy Shuttle-Mir docking
92 October 29 1998 STS-95 Discovery 8d 21h Kennedy SPACEHAB; John Glenn flies again
93 December 4 1998 STS-88 Endeavour 11d 19h Kennedy First ISS assembly flight: Node 1
94 May 27 1999 STS-96 Discovery 9d 19h Kennedy ISS supply
95 July 23 1999 STS-93 Columbia 4d 22h Kennedy Chandra X-Ray Observatory launch
96 December 19 1999 STS-103 Discovery 7d 23h Kennedy Hubble Space Telescope servicing
97 February 11 2000 STS-99 Endeavour 11d 5h Kennedy Shuttle Radar Topography Mission
98 May 19 2000 STS-101 Atlantis 9d 21h Kennedy ISS supply
99 September 8 2000 STS-106 Atlantis 11d 19h Kennedy ISS supply
100 October 11 2000 STS-92 Discovery 12d 21h Edwards ISS assembly: Z1 truss
101 November 30 2000 STS-97 Endeavour 10d 19h Kennedy ISS assembly: solar arrays, radiators
102 February 7 2001 STS-98 Atlantis 12d 21h Edwards ISS assembly: Destiny lab
103 March 8 2001 STS-102 Discovery 12d 19h Kennedy ISS supply, crew rotation
104 April 19 2001 STS-100 Endeavour 11d 21h Edwards ISS assembly: robotic arm
105 July 12 2001 STS-104 Atlantis 12d 18h Kennedy ISS assembly: airlock
106 August 10 2001 STS-105 Discovery 11d 21h Kennedy ISS supply, crew rotation
107 December 5 2001 STS-108 Endeavour 11d 19h Kennedy ISS supply
108 March 1 2002 STS-109 Columbia 10d 22h Kennedy Hubble Space Telescope servicing
109 April 8 2002 STS-110 Atlantis 10d 19h Kennedy ISS assembly: S0 truss, Mobile Transporter
110 June 5 2002 STS-111 Endeavour 13d 20h Edwards ISS supply, crew rotation
111 October 7 2002 STS-112 Atlantis 10d 19h Kennedy ISS assembly: S1 truss
112 November 23 2002 STS-113 Endeavour 13d 18h Kennedy ISS assembly: P1 truss, crew rotation
113 January 16 2003 STS-107 Columbia 15d 22h N/A Space science, Loss of vehicle
114 July 26 2005 STS-114 Discovery 13d 21h Edwards Flight safety evaluation/testing, ISS supply/repair
115 ~May 2006 STS-121 Discovery ~13d ISS supply, crew rotation
116 June ~2006 STS-115 Atlantis ISS assembly: P3/P4 truss, solar arrays
117 August ~2006 STS-116 Endeavour ISS assembly: P5 truss
118 Under review ~2006 STS-117 Atlantis ISS assembly: S3/S4 Truss, solar arrays
119 Under review ~2007 STS-118 Endeavour ISS assembly: S5 Truss
120 Under review ~2007 STS-119 Discovery ISS assembly: S6 Truss, solar arrays
121 Under review ~2007 STS-120 TBD ISS assembly: US Node 2
122 Under review ~2007 expectedSTS-122 Endeavour Hubble Space Telescope servicing mission (HSM)

See also

External links

References

de:Liste der Space-Shuttle-Missionen pl:Lista misji wahadłowców pt:Lista de missões com ônibus espacial