International Cricket Council
The International Cricket Council (ICC) is the governing body for international Test match and One-day International cricket. The ICC moved its administrative offices to Dubai, United Arab Emirates in August 2005.
On June 15, 1909 representatives from England, Australia and South Africa met at Lord's and founded the Imperial Cricket Conference. Membership was confined to the governing bodies of cricket within the Commonwealth where test cricket was played.
After the formation of Pakistan in 1947, it was given Test status in 1953 becoming the seventh Test-playing nation. In 1961, South Africa ceased to be a member of the ICC on leaving the British Commonwealth.
In 1965, the Conference was renamed the International Cricket Conference and new rules adopted to permit the election of countries from outside the British Commonwealth. This led to the expansion of the Conference, with the admission of Associate Members. Associates were each entitled to one vote, while the Foundation and Full Members were entitled to two votes on ICC resolutions. Foundation Members retained a right of veto. Sri Lanka was admitted in 1981.
In 1989, new rules were adopted and the name changed to the current name, the International Cricket Council. In 1991, South Africa was re-elected as a Full Member of the ICC, followed by the admission of Zimbabwe in 1992. Bangladesh was admitted as the tenth Test-playing nation (and therefore as a Full Member) in 2000.
The nature of its role is such that the ICC has courted controversy frequently, in particular where sport and politics come into conflict. This has been particularly so over the issue of Zimbabwe with the ICC's insistence that fixtures with the Zimbabwe national team, both inside and outside that country, be fulfilled despite the difficult political circumstances. The ICC has also had to deal with drugs and bribery scandals involving top cricketers.
The ICC has a strong commercial focus and it has a duty to its members to maximise the value to them of its primary "property" the Cricket World Cup. Sponsorship of the World Cup brought in US$550m between 2000 and 2007 – by far the ICC’s main source of income. The ICC has no income streams from other International cricket matches (Test matches and One Day Internationals) so it has sought to create other new events to augment its Cricket World Cup revenues. These include the ICC Trophy and the so-called ICC Super Series played in Australia in 2005.
The ICC has three classes of membership: Full Members, Associate Members and Affiliate Members.
Full Members are the governing bodies for cricket recognised by ICC of a country, or countries associated for cricket purposes, or a geographical area, from which representative teams are qualified to play official test matches.
These are countries where cricket is firmly established and organised but do not qualify for Full Membership. There are 32 Associate Members. Template:Expand list
These regional bodies aim to organise, promote and develop the game of cricket:
- Asian Cricket Council
- European Cricket Council
- African Cricket Association
- Americas Cricket Association
- East Asia-Pacific Cricket Council
- West Africa Cricket Council
- East and Central Africa Cricket Council
Competitions and awards
- First Class
- One Day
The ICC has instituted the ICC Awards to recognise and honour the best international cricket players of the previous 12 months. The inaugural ICC Awards ceremony was held on 7 September, 2004, in London.