International Cricket Council

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History

The International Cricket Council (ICC) is the governing body for international Test match and One-day International cricket. The ICC moved its administrative offices to Dubai, United Arab Emirates in August 2005.

On June 15, 1909 representatives from England, Australia and South Africa met at Lord's and founded the Imperial Cricket Conference. Membership was confined to the governing bodies of cricket within the Commonwealth where test cricket was played.

In 1926, India, New Zealand and West Indies were elected as Full Members, thus increasing the number of Test-playing nations to six.

After the formation of Pakistan in 1947, it was given Test status in 1953 becoming the seventh Test-playing nation. In 1961, South Africa ceased to be a member of the ICC on leaving the British Commonwealth.

In 1965, the Conference was renamed the International Cricket Conference and new rules adopted to permit the election of countries from outside the British Commonwealth. This led to the expansion of the Conference, with the admission of Associate Members. Associates were each entitled to one vote, while the Foundation and Full Members were entitled to two votes on ICC resolutions. Foundation Members retained a right of veto. Sri Lanka was admitted in 1981.

In 1989, new rules were adopted and the name changed to the current name, the International Cricket Council. In 1991, South Africa was re-elected as a Full Member of the ICC, followed by the admission of Zimbabwe in 1992. Bangladesh was admitted as the tenth Test-playing nation (and therefore as a Full Member) in 2000.

Controversy

The nature of its role is such that the ICC has courted controversy frequently, in particular where sport and politics come into conflict. This has been particularly so over the issue of Zimbabwe with the ICC's insistence that fixtures with the Zimbabwe national team, both inside and outside that country, be fulfilled despite the difficult political circumstances. The ICC has also had to deal with drugs and bribery scandals involving top cricketers.

Commercial focus

The ICC has a strong commercial focus and it has a duty to its members to maximise the value to them of its primary "property" the Cricket World Cup. Sponsorship of the World Cup brought in US$550m between 2000 and 2007 – by far the ICC’s main source of income. The ICC has no income streams from other International cricket matches (Test matches and One Day Internationals) so it has sought to create other new events to augment its Cricket World Cup revenues. These include the ICC Trophy and the so-called ICC Super Series played in Australia in 2005.

Members

The ICC has three classes of membership: Full Members, Associate Members and Affiliate Members.

Full Members

Full Members are the governing bodies for cricket recognised by ICC of a country, or countries associated for cricket purposes, or a geographical area, from which representative teams are qualified to play official test matches.

File:ICC-cricket-member-nations.png
ICC member nations. Orange are test playing nations; green are the associate member nations and purple are the affiliate member nations.
Nation Governing Body Date of joining
Australia Cricket Australia June 15, 1909
England England and Wales Cricket Board June 15, 1909
South Africa United Cricket Board of South Africa June 15, 1909
left May 1961
readmitted July 10, 1991
India Board of Control for Cricket in India May 31, 1926
New Zealand New Zealand Cricket May 31, 1926
West Indies West Indies Cricket Board May 31, 1926
Pakistan Pakistan Cricket Board July 28, 1953
Sri Lanka Sri Lanka Cricket July 21, 1981
Zimbabwe Zimbabwe Cricket July 6, 1992
Bangladesh Bangladesh Cricket Board June 26, 2000

Associate Members

These are countries where cricket is firmly established and organised but do not qualify for Full Membership. There are 32 Associate Members. Template:Expand list

Nation National Association Member Since
Argentina Asociacion de Cricket Argentino 1974
Belgium Belgian Cricket Federation 1991
Bermuda Bermuda Cricket Board 1966
Botswana Botswana Cricket Association 2001
Canada Canadian Cricket Association 1968
Cayman Islands Cayman Islands Cricket Association 2002
Denmark Dansk Cricket Forbund 1966
Fiji Fiji Cricket Association 1965
France Federation Francaise de Baseball, Softball et Cricket 1998
Germany Deutscher Cricket Bund 1999
Gibraltar Gibraltar Cricket Association 1969
Hong Kong Hong Kong Cricket Association 1969
Ireland Irish Cricket Union 1993
Israel Israel Cricket Association 1974
Italy Federazione Cricket Italiana 1995
Japan Japan Cricket Association 1989
Kenya Cricket Kenya 1981
Kuwait Kuwait Cricket Association 1998
Malaysia Malaysian Cricket Association 1967
Namibia Namibia Cricket Board 1992
Nepal Cricket Association of Nepal 1996
The Netherlands Koninklijke Nederlandse Cricket Bond 1966
Nigeria Nigeria Cricket Association 2002
Papua New Guinea Papua New Guinea Cricket Board 1973
Scotland Cricket Scotland 1994
Singapore Singapore Cricket Association 1974
Tanzania anzania Cricket Association 2001
Thailand Thailand Cricket League 1995
Uganda Uganda Cricket Association 1998
United Arab Emirates United Arab Emirates Cricket Board 1990
United States United States of America Cricket Association 1965
Zambia Zambia Cricket Union 2003

Affiliate Members

These are countries where the ICC recognises that cricket is played according to the Laws of Cricket. There are 54 Affiliate Members. Template:Expand list

Nation National Association Member Since
Afghanistan Afghanistan Cricket Federation 2001
Austria 1992
Bahamas 1987
Bahrain 2001
Belize Belize National Cricket Association 1997
Bhutan 2001
Brazil Associaçao Brasileira de Cricket 2002
Brunei Brunei Darussalam National Cricket Association 1992
Chile Asociacion Chilena de Cricket 2002
China 2004
Cook Islands 2000
Costa Rica 2002
Croatia Croatia Cricket Board 2001
Cuba Cuban Cricket Commission 2002
Cyprus 1999
Czech Republic Czech Republic Cricket Union 2000
Finland 2000
Gambia 2002
Ghana 2002
Greece Hellenic Cricket Federation 1995
Guernsey Guernsey Cricket Association 2005
Indonesia 2001
Iran 2003
Isle of Man 2004
Jersey 2005
Lesotho 2001
Luxembourg Féderation Luxembourgoise de Cricket 1998
Malawi 2003
Maldives Cricket Control Board of Maldives 1998
Mali 2005
Malta 1998
Mexico 2004
Morocco 1999
Mozambique 2003
Norway Norwegian Cricket Board 2000
Oman Oman Cricket Board 2000
Panama 2002
The Philippines 2000
Portugal Federacao Portuguesa de Cricket 1996
Rwanda 2003
Qatar 1999
Samoa Cricket Samoa 2000
Saudi Arabia Saudi Cricket Centre 2003
Sierra Leone 2002
Slovenia 2005
South Korea 2001
Spain Asociacion Española de Cricket 1992
St Helena 2001
Suriname Surinaamse Cricket Bond 2002
Sweden Swedish Cricket Federation 1997
Switzerland 1985
Tonga 2000
Turks and Caicos Islands 2002
Vanuatu 1995

Regional bodies

These regional bodies aim to organise, promote and develop the game of cricket:

Competitions and awards

The ICC organises various first-class and one-day cricket competitions:

The ICC has instituted the ICC Awards to recognise and honour the best international cricket players of the previous 12 months. The inaugural ICC Awards ceremony was held on 7 September, 2004, in London.

See also

External link

nl:ICC (cricketbond)