Indiana University Bloomington

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Template:Infobox University Indiana University Bloomington is the principal campus of the Indiana University system. It is popularly known as "Indiana University," IUB, or simply IU. It is located in Bloomington in Monroe County, Indiana.

Student body

IUB's enrollment in the spring semester of 2005 was 35,694 students, of whom 30,334 (85%) were full time. Undergraduates accounted for 27,787 (78%) students, while graduate and professional students accounted for 7,907.

Most IUB students are white Indiana residents. Of students enrolled in spring 2005, 1,433 (4%) were African-Americans, 1,174 (3.2%) were Asian-Americans, 785 (2.2%) were Hispanic, 83 (0.2%) were American Indian, and 28,699 (80%) were white, 3,096 (8.7%) were foreign, and 422 (1.1%) were unknown. More women, 18,428 attended IU than men, 17,266. Despite IUB's status as the principal campus of the Indiana University system, only 21,296 (60%) of its students in spring 2005 were native Hoosiers.

Faculty

IUB reported in fall 2004 that it employed 1,823 full-time faculty, lecturers, and academic administrators and 334 part-time faculty, totalling 1,877 full-time equivalents. Of the full-time faculty, 76% were tenured.

Like the student body, IUB's faculty is predominantly white. Of full-time administrators, faculty, and lecturers, 118 (6%) were Asian, 74 (4%) were African-American, 62 (4%) were Hispanic, 5 (.3%) were Native American, and 1,535 (85%) were "other." More men (62%) than women held academic appointments at the university.

Professors at IUB were better-paid than their counterparts in the IU system. A full-time professor earned an average of $126,500, an associate professor $89,000, and an assistant professor $74,400.

Campus

IUB's 1,931 acres (7.8 km²) includes copious green space and historic buildings dating to the university's reconstruction in the late nineteenth century. The Bryan House is the traditional on-campus home of the university president. The Works Progress Administration built much of the campus's core during the Great Depression. Many of the campus's buildings were built and most of its land acquired during the 1950s and 1960s, when first soldiers attending under the GI Bill and then the Baby Boom swelled the university's enrollment from 5,403 in 1940 to 30,368 in 1970.

The campus rests on a bed of Indiana limestone, specifically Salem limestone and Harrodsburg limestone, with outcroppings of St. Louis limestone. Many of the campus's buildings, especially the older central buildings, are made from Indiana limestone quarried locally.

The "Jordan River" is a stream flowing through the center of campus. It is named for David Starr Jordan, Darwinist, ichthyologist, and president of IU and later Stanford University.

In the 17,000-seat Assembly Hall and stadium (home to the IU NCAA basketball team), there are five NCAA Men's Division I Basketball Championship banners on display.

Degree-granting schools

The schools listed here are degree-granting units made up of smaller departments or programs. Many of IUB's schools are among the best in their areas of expertise, with renowned faculty and modern facilities.

Notable alumni

Arts and Humanities

Business

Music

Politics

Science and Technology

Sports

Other

Media

WFIU radio - public radio including NPR and local programming, but predominantly classical music in their own right.

WTIU televsion - PBS station including national and local programming.

Indiana University Student Television - an entirely student run television station broadcasting to over 12,000 on campus residents and over 40,000 Bloomington residents via Community Access Television. Founded in 2002, IUSTV has quickly grown to be a leading media entity and student organization on campus.

Indiana Daily Student newspaper - a free daily newspaper fully supported financially through ad sales. Founded in 1867, it has a circulation of over 15,000 and is produced by IU students.

Notable faculty

Former notable faculty

Notable faculty of Indiana University have included:

Current notable faculty

Notable current faculty of Indiana University include:

History of IUB

Early years

Indiana's state government founded Indiana University in 1820 as the "State Seminary." The 1816 Indiana state constitution required that the General Assembly (Indiana's state legislature) create a "general system of education, ascending in a regular gradation, from township schools to a state university, wherein tuition shall be gratis, and equally open to all." It took some time for the legislature to fulfill its promise. While the original legislative charter was granted in 1820, construction began in 1822, the first professor was hired in 1823, and classes were offered in 1824. The first class graduated in 1830.

The school developed rapidly in its first years. The hiring of Andrew Wylie, its first president, in 1828 signified the school's growing professionalism. The General Assembly changed the school's name to "Indiana College" in the same year. In 1838 the legislature changed the school's name for a final time to Indiana University.

Wylie's death in 1851 marks the end of the university's first period of development. IU now had nearly a hundred students and seven professors. Despite the university's more obviously secular purpose, presidents and professors were still expected to set a moral example for their charges. It was only in 1885 that a non-clergyman, biologist David Starr Jordan, became president.

Between Wylie and Jordan's administrations, the University grew slowly. Few changes rocked the university's repose. One development is interesting to modern scholars: The college admitted its first woman student, Sarah Parke Morrison in 1867, making IU the first state university to admit women on an equal basis with men.

In mid-passage

In 1883, IU awarded its first Ph. D. and played its first intercollegiate sport, baseball, prefiguring the school's future status as a major research institution and a power in collegiate athletics. But two other incidents that year were far more important to the university. First, the university's original campus in Seminary Square near the center of Bloomington burned to the ground. Second, instead of rebuilding in Seminary Square, as had been the practice following previous blazes, the college was rebuilt at the far eastern edge of Bloomington. (Today, Bloomington has expanded eastward, and the "new" campus is once again at the center of the city.)

The first extension office of IU was opened in Indianapolis in 1916. In 1920/1921 the School of Music and the School of Commerce and Finance (what later became the Kelley School of Business) were opened. In the 1940s Indiana University opened extension campuses in Kokomo and Fort Wayne. The controversial Kinsey Institute for sexual research was also established in 1940.

Athletics

File:Basketball.jpg
Kent Benson of the 1976 NCAA Championship team scoring in a Big Ten game against Illinois in 1977

IUB's intercollegiate athletics program has a long tradition of excellence in several key sports. As of 2005, the school has won five championships in men's basketball (1940, 1953, 1976, 1981 and 1987), the first two under coach Branch McCracken and three under Bobby Knight; seven championships in men's soccer (1982, '83, '88, '98, '99, 2003 and 2004 - the first six teams led by coach Jerry Yeagley); and six consecutive men's swimming and diving titles between 1968 and 1973 under the tutelage of Doc Counsilman.

Men's basketball at IUB grew phenomenally popular under Coach Knight, especially in 1975-6 - when he led the team which remains the last men's Division I squad to go undefeated for an entire season. Knight's volatile temper, though, often brought as much controversy to the school as success, and eventually led to his dismissal in 2000 by then-University President Myles Brand. (See Knight's wikipedia entry for more details).

Students and alumni protested the Knight firing, and several players threatened to transfer unless Knight assistant Mike Davis was chosen to replace Knight; Davis ultimately got the job and took the team to the 2002 NCAA Title Game. After initial success, Davis has struggled and has been given an ultimatum to improve his team in the 2005-06 season or be fired.

As of Summer 2005, IUB athletes have won 133 individual national championships, including 79 in men's swimming and diving and 31 in men's track and field. In addition, IU teams have won or shared 157 Big Ten conference championships.

Women's sports at IUB have not traditionally enjoyed the same level of success, with the notable exception of the women's tennis and golf programs, which have won thirteen and seven conference titles, respectively.

In recent years, IU's athletics department has been unable to support itself financially due to revenue shortages. Because of this the university administration has attempted, thus far unsuccessfully, to double the athletics fee which students pay with their tuition each semester. A number of students argue that the athletics department's financial woes are its own problems, and that support of athletics should be voluntary. Others, especially in the athletics department, argue that athletic programs are an integral part of the university experience, and therefore everyone should pay into it. But the low turnouts for athletic events that caused these financial problems is itself evidence that athletics is not in fact important to all students' university experience. Moreover, the athletics department has yet to present any evidence that the university, specifically scholastic experience would be diminished without a large athletics department.

External links

Template:Big Ten Conference