It includes the branches of:
- Seismology (earthquakes and elastic waves)
- Gravity and geodesy (the earth's gravitational field and the size and form of the earth)
- Atmospheric science, which includes:
- Geothermometry (heating of the earth, heat flow, volcanology, and hot springs)
- Hydrology (ground and surface water, sometimes including glaciology)
- Physical oceanography
- Tectonophysics (geological processes in the earth)
- Exploration and engineering geophysics
- Geophysical Engineering
A related field is geochemistry.
Exploration geophysics is the practical application of physical methods (such as seismic, gravity, magnetic, electrical and electromagnetic) to remotely sense underground anomalies. The conventional application to this science is searching for mineral and petroleum deposits. However it can also be used in other areas such as monitoring environmental impact, imaging subsurface archeaological sites and interplanetary imaging. The Society of Exploration Geophysicists (seg.org) has the most recent update of the sciences and technologies of exploration geophysics (see also petroleum geology).
Exploration Geophysics careers are in such widely varying industries as oil & gas exploration, mining, environmental studies, planetary physics and even archaeology. Geophysics offers one of the most challenging (and lucrative) blend of advanced mathematics and physics.
- American Geophysical Union
- Fluid dynamics
- Important publications in geophysics(geology), important publications in Geophysics(physics)
- USGS Geomagnetism Program
- Case studies from TerraDat Geophysics documenting the use in shallow engineering and environmental applications
ca:Geofísica cv:Геофизика da:Geofysik de:Geophysik et:Geofüüsika es:Geofísica eo:Geofiziko fr:Géophysique id:Geofisika is:Jarðeðlisfræði it:Geofisica jv:Geofisika lt:Geofizika nl:Geofysica ja:地球物理学 pl:Geofizyka pt:Geofísica ru:Геофизика scn:Giofisica fi:Geofysiikka sv:Geofysik th:ธรณีฟิสิกส์ zh:地球物理学