Florida State University
Template:FLSUS taxobox Florida State University, also commonly referred to as "FSU" or "Florida State", is a comprehensive, graduate-national research university founded and located in Tallahassee, Florida in 1851. Its president is Dr. T. K. Wetherell. The university is composed of 17 colleges and institutes that offer more than 300 programs of study. FSU is well-known for its programs in Business, Creative Writing, Evolutionary Biology, Dance, Film, Music, Hospitality, Information Studies, and Meterology.
Florida State's main campus is located at Template:Coor d in Tallahassee near the Florida State Capitol building. The campus is bordered by Tennessee Street (U.S. Highway 90) to the north, Gaines Street to the south, Stadium Drive to the west, and Macomb Street to the east.
In addition to the branch campuses, the university offers a variety of overseas study opportunities for students during the regular academic year, as well as in special summer programs. FSU operates study centers for overseas study oppare located in Florence, Italy; Republic of Panama; Valencia, Spain; and London, England.
The university is home to the National High Magnetic Field Laboratory, funded by the National Science Foundation. Other research centers, such as the Center for Advanced Power Systems, supported by the Office of Naval Research, place the university at the cutting edge of research and its application to industry.
The Ringling Museum in Sarasota is affiliated with the university, and is the largest museum/university complex in the U.S. and houses one of the most significant collections of fine art in North America.
The Legislature of the State of Florida in a Legislative Act of January 24, 1851, provided for the establishment of two seminaries of learning, one to be located east and the other west of the Suwannee River. By 1854, the City of Tallahassee had established a school for boys called the Florida Institute. The city's hope was that the State would take it over as one of the seminaries. After an unsuccessful attempt by the city to make this happen in 1854, Mayor Francis Eppes in 1857, again made the offer which was accepted by the Florida Legislature. In 1857 first meeting of the Board of Education of the State Seminary West of the Suwannee River was held. The school became co-education the following year, when it absorbed the Tallahassee Female Academy, begun in 1843 as the Misses Bates School. The school existed as the West Florida Seminary from 1857 until 1863, when the state legislature changed the name to The Florida Military and Collegiate Institute, reflecting the addition of a military section which trained cadets. In 1901, the school was renamed Florida State College, and was a four-year institution organized in four departments: the College, the School for Teachers, the School of Music, and the College Academy. In a 1905, Florida's educational system was reorganized by the state Legislature, and six state institutions of higher learning were consolidated into two when the University of Florida in Gainesville was established and designated a men's school and the Florida State College became a women's school called the Florida Female College. In 1909 the name of the college was changed to Florida State College for Women. Demand by returning World War II veterans had brought men back to the campus in 1946 with the establishment of the Tallahassee Branch of the University of Florida. On May 15, 1947, the Governor of Florida signed an act of the Legislature returning Florida State College for Women to coeducational status and naming it The Florida State University. Today, the student population is almost 38,000. Florida State is also the home of the first chapter of the Phi Beta Kappa honor society in the state of Florida, and is home to one of the oldest schools of public administration in the country. Florida State is presently is comprised of seventeen independent schools and colleges.
In the 2006 U.S. News & World Report of Best Colleges, Florida State was ranked 51st (from 54th in 2005) among all public research universities in the U.S, and is ranked 109th (up from 111 in 2005) among all national universities.
The fully accredited College of Medicine is the first new M.D. program to be established in the United States since 1982. It is charting a new course for medical education with an emphasis on the use of interdisciplinary teams and emerging new technology. Created in June of 2000 by the Florida Legislature, its mission is educating physicians to serve the state's rural, geriatric, minority and other medically underserved populations. The medical school's regional campuses are in Tallahassee, Pensacola, Jacksonville, Orlando, Sarasota, and Ft. Myers.
The Florida State University College of Law has jumped 11 slots to 56th in the latest edition of the influential national rankings of law schools by U.S. News & World Report. The magazine's 2006 edition of America's Best Graduate Schools also ranks the College of Law as one of the most diverse in the country. Environmental Law Program Ranks 14th in Nation. Hispanic Business Magazine has ranked the College of Law among the top 10 law schools in the nation for Hispanics for the second consecutive year. Hispanics made up 9 percent of the school's 748-member student body and received 11 percent of the 205 law degrees awarded to the class of 2004.
The College of Business has consistently been ranked one of the Top 40 undergraduate business schools by U.S. News & World Report at 38th. Among public universitities it is in the Top 25. and the program has grown to be one of the nation's ten largest. The college is a recognized leader in graduating minority doctoral candidates. The college earned a fourth-place spot in the Black Issues' Top 100, for its success in awarding the doctorate in business to African Americans. In the Academy of Management Journal  the college's programs in Management Information Systems was ranked 15th and is the highest ranked MIS program in the State of Florida. The college also offers online MBA programs.
The Dedman School of Hospitality is in the College of Business at FSU. Based on input from industry representatives, hospitality management business component of the program is what attracts companies to FSU students, as a result the school boasts a consistent 100% job placement record. The Dedman School of Hospitality also offers a major in Professional Golf Management, one of seventeen programs nationwide accredited by The Professional Golfers' Association of America (PGA), to prepare students to meet these challenges. The state of Florida has more golf courses than any other state in the country and is the headquarters for the PGA, LPGA, PGA Tour, and National Golf Foundation amd FSU has a long, distinguished history of graduating professional golfers and educating students for business and hospitality operations.
FSU's Computer Science program is the only Florida school that is a National Center of Academic Excellence in Information Assurance Education (CAE/IAE) by the National Security Agency. Its peers includes schools such as the nation's first computer science school at Carnegie Mellon University, and University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign. This designation is attained through a competitive process that evaluates the school's ability to meet rigorous standards for information assurance education.
The College of Information's programs in Information Studies/Technology is one of the most respected and consistantly top-ranked programs in the nation and has held such rankings for many years in the U.S. News & World Report. The program tied for 12th, the School Library Media program ranked 2nd and the Services for Children and Youth specialization program tied for 2nd. The college has the largest online MLS program in the nation. According to the Tallahassee Democrat newspaper, the undergraduate program in Information Technology is sprouting in popularity.
The School of Theatre is one of the leading comprehensive theatre training programs in the United States. U.S. News and World Report has consistently included FSU's graduate theatre programs in its top-tier rankings in the top-10, one of the few public university programs thus honored. The School is accredited by the National Association of Schools of Theatre and is a founding member of the University/Resident Theatre Association.
Many of FSU's other academic programs consistently rank among the nation’s top twenty-five public universities, including programs in Chemistry, Creative Writing, Criminology, Dance, Ecology, Evolutionary Biology, Film, Meteorology, Music, Oceanography, Physics, Political Science, Psychology, Public Policy, Statistics, and Sociology. 
The Taxol Story
A signifigant achievement at the university was chemistry professsor and synthetic organic chemist, Dr. Robert A. Holton's synthesizing of Taxol on Dec. 9, 1993. The chemical has been used as an effective breast and ovarian cancer treatment.
Holton's and his Organic Chemistry team finished a race to develop a cheaper semisynthetic version. In 1993 Bristol Myers Squibb began marketing it. Just like other chemotherapy drugs, it had side effects. But it also prolonged lives and in many cases defeated cancer.
Before the drug company's exclusive license expired, Florida State made $350 million in royalties, vaulting the school into the ranks of Columbia University and California's state universities in research profits.
Fall 2005 enrollment is 39,218 students. Women account for 56.7% of FSU's enrollment. Minorities made up 24.2% percent of total enrollment. 47.8% of the minority enrollment was Black, 38.6% Hispanic, 12.0% Asian, and 1.6% was American Indian.
According to the Tallahassee Democrat, the average SAT for the Fall 2005 class is 1209. The Fall 2004 class had an SAT average of 1199. 
Bachelors, master's, specialist's, doctoral, and professional degree programs are offered through the College of Arts & Sciences; the College of Business; the College of Communication; the College of Education; the FAMU-FSU College of Engineering, jointly administered with Florida A&M University; the College of Human Sciences; the College of Law; the College of Medicine; the College of Social Sciences; the School of Criminology & Criminal Justice; the School of Motion Picture, Television & Recording Arts (Film School); the College of Information; the College of Music; the School of Nursing; the College of Social Work; the School of Theatre; and the School of Visual Arts & Dance.
Florida State's school colors of garnet and gold are a merging of the University's past. In 1904 and 1905 the Florida State College won football championships wearing purple and gold uniforms. When FSC became Florida State College for Women in 1905, the football team was forced to attend an all male school in Gainesville. The following year, the FSCW student body selected crimson as the official school color. The administration in 1905 took crimson and combined it with the recognizable purple of the championship football teams to achieve the color garnet. The now famous garnet and gold colors were first used on an FSU uniform in a 14-6 loss to Stetson on October 18, 1947. 
FSU is also the home of the world-renowned Marching Chiefs, one of the largest collegiate marching bands in the country and the only marching band to ever be featured in Sports Illustrated. The Marching Chiefs are the force behind the famous War Chant.
The school has an athletic department with programs for men and for women. The men's program consists of as baseball, basketball, cross country running, football, golf, swimming, tennis, and track & field. The women's program consists of basketball, cross country running, golf, soccer, softball, swimming, tennis, track & field, and volleyball.
The school's athletic teams are called the Seminoles. This Native American name is used with official sanction of the Seminole Tribe of Florida, Inc. They participate in the NCAA's Division I (Division I-A for football) and in the Atlantic Coast Conference. Their traditional rivals include the Gators of the University of Florida and the Hurricanes of the University of Miami.
Under head coach Bobby Bowden, currently in his 30th year, the Seminole football team became one of the nation's perennial powers, greatly expanding the tradition that had been virtually non-existent for the 30 years of football before Bowden. The Seminoles played in five national championship games between 1993 and 2001, and have claimed the championship twice, in 1993 and 1999. The FSU football team was one of the most successful teams in college football during the 1990s, boasting an 89% winning percentage. FSU also set an NCAA record for most consecutive Top 5 finishes in the AP football poll - the Seminoles received placement 14 years in a row, from 1987 to 2000. The Seminoles were the first college football team in history to have gone wire-to-wire (ranked first place from preseason to postseason since the AP began releasing preseason rankings in 1950).
- Bobby Bowden Field at Doak Campbell Stadium
- Mike Martin Field at Dick Howser Stadium
- Donald L. Tucker Center
- JoAnne Graf Field
- Seminole Golf Course
- Scott Speicher Tennis Center
- Mike Long Track
- Bobby E. Leach Recreation Center
- Tully Gymnasium
- Westcott Building
- FSU is home to a pair of cutting edge nuclear resonance magnets that are used for theoretical physics research as well as for developing cures for cancer and neurological disorders. The National High Magnetic Field Laboratory (NHMFL), or "Mag Lab", is one of only nine such facilities in the world.
- Also notable is FSU's Antarctic Research Facility, the largest repository of Antarctic sedimentary core samples in the world.
- Stephanie Abrams, meteorologist, The Weather Channel
- Reubin O'Donovan Askew, former Governor of Florida
- Paul Azinger, professional golfer
- Alan Ball, screenwriter, director, Six Feet Under, American Beauty
- Fred Biletnikoff, NFL Hall of fame player
- Terry Bowden, television commentator (son of FSU coach Bobby Bowden), ABC Sports
- Allen Boyd Jr., congressman (Democrat)
- Derrick Brooks, professional NFL football player, Tampa Bay Buccaneers
- Matt Chapman, co-creator of Homestar Runner
- Tara Dawn Holland Christensen, Miss America (1997), singer
- Rita Coolidge, singer
- Lee Corso, sports broadcaster, ESPN
- J.D. Drew, professional MLB baseball player, Los Angeles Dodgers
- Warrick Dunn, professional NFL football player, Atlanta Falcons
- Davis Gaines, stage actor, The Phantom of the Opera (1986 musical)
- General Jay Garner, United States Army, ret. defense consultant
- Paul Gleason, actor
- Paris N. Glendening, former Governor of Maryland (1995 - 2003)
- Traylor Howard, actress
- Dick Howser, professional MLB baseball player
- Tony La Russa (J.D.), MLB manager, St. Louis Cardinals
- Christine Lahti, actress
- Drew McWeeny, film critic, Ain't it Cool News
- Doug Marlette, cartoonist
- Mel Martinez (J.D.), former Secretary of Housing and Urban Development, and current Florida Senator (Republican)
- Doug Mientkiewicz, professional MLB baseball player, New York Mets
- Jim Morrison, singer/songwriter
- Henry Polic, actor
- Scott Proctor, professional MLB baseball player, New York Yankees
- Gabrielle Reece, professional volleyball player, model
- Burt Reynolds, actor
- Marcus Roberts, jazz pianist
- Deion Sanders, professional NFL football player, Baltimore Ravens
- Ron Sellers, professional NFL football player
- Winston Scott, astronaut
- Sonny Shroyer, actor
- Richard Simmons, fitness expert
- Tonea Stewart, actress
- Bob Sura, NBA basketball player
- Norman Thagard, NASA astronaut
- Charlie Ward, Heisman Trophy winner, professional NBA basketball player
- David Ward-Steinman, composer
- Chris Weinke, Heisman Trophy winner, professional NFL football player, Carolina Panthers
- Mark S. Wrighton (Ph.D.), Chancellor of Washington University in St. Louis
- Robert Urich, actor
- Ellen Taaffe Zwilich, composer, 1st woman to win Pulitzer prize in music
More distinguished/notable alumni can be found at the FSU Alumni Association, .
- Paul A. M. Dirac, 1933 Physics
- Konrad E. Bloch, 1964 Medicine
- Robert Sanderson Mulliken, 1966 Chemistry
- J. Robert Schrieffer, 1972 Physics (currently on staff)
- James M. Buchanan Jr., 1986 Economics
- Sir Harold W. Kroto, 1996 Chemistry (currently on staff)
- Official school site
- Official athletics site
- Officially-sanctioned university news site
- FSView & Florida Flambeau, independent student newspaper
- National High Magnetic Field Laboratory site
- History of Florida State University website
- FSU Flying High Circus, official site