Demographics of Norway

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File:Diversity of youth in Oslo Norway.jpg
The increasing diversity of the Norwegian population is evident in Oslo

Who lives in Norway

File:Norway-demography.png
Demographics of Norway: Number of inhabitants in thousands. Data from FAO, 2005.

Population: 4,574,560 (July 2004 est.)
Population growth rate: 0.41% (2004 est.)

Ethnicity and nationality

noun: Norwegian(s)
adjective: Norwegian

Ethnically, Norwegians are predominantly Germanic, although in the far north there are communities of Sami who came to the area more than 10,000 years ago, probably from central Asia. In recent years, Norway has become home to increasing numbers of immigrants, foreign workers, and asylum-seekers from various parts of the world. Immigrants now total nearly 300,000; some have obtained Norwegian citizenship.

Ethnic groups: Norwegian 92.7%, Swedish 0.7%, Danish 0.6%, Residents of former Yugoslavia 0.5%, British 0.3%, American 0.2%, German 0.2%, Iraqi 0.2%, Pakistani 0.2%, Somali 0.1%, Finnish 0.1%, Iranian 0.1%, others 3.7%. Sami 20,000.

Age and sex distribution

Age structure: (2004 est.)
0-14 years: 19.8% (male 462, 899; female 440,725)
15-64 years: 65.4% (male 1,520,481; female 1,473,101)
65 years and over: 14.8% (male 284,170; female 393,184)

Sex ratio: (2004 est.)
at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.72 male(s)/female
total population: 0.98 male(s)/female

Religion

Main article: Religion in Norway

The Lutheran Church of Norway is the state church. However, Norway has religious freedom according to the constitution.

Official statistics (2003): Lutheran 86% (state church), other Christian 4.5% (mainly Protestant [3.5%] and Roman Catholic) [1%]), Islam 2%, other religions 1%, Human Ethical 1.5%, none and unknown 5%.

Population growth

File:Basic demographics of Norway 1900 2000.PNG
Demographics of Norway, 1900-2000: Total population, fertility, mortality, and migration. Source: Norwegian Bureau of Statistics

Population: 4,574,560 (July 2004 est.)
Population growth rate: 0.41% (2004 est.)

Fertility and mortality

Total fertility rate: 1.78 children born/woman (2004 est.)
Birth rate: 11.89 births/1,000 population (2004 est.)
Death rate: 9.51 deaths/1,000 population (2004 est.)

Infant mortality rate: (2004 est.)
total: 3.73 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 4.11 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 3.34 deaths/1,000 live births

Life expectancy at birth: (2004 est.)
total population: 79.25 years
male: 76.64 years
female: 82.01 years

Migration

Net migration rate: 1.74 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2004 est.)

Where people live in Norway

What people do in Norway

Literature and arts

Main article: Culture of Norway

Norway is in the top rank of nations in the number of books printed per capita. Famous Norwegian writers are the dramatist Henrik Ibsen, Ludvig Holberg, Knut Hamsun and Sigrid Undset. Artists Edvard Munch and Christian Krogh were Ibsen's contemporaries. Munch drew part of his inspiration from Europe and in turn exercised a strong influence on later European expressionists. Sculptor Gustav Vigeland has a permanent exhibition in the Vigeland Sculpture Park in Frognerparken in Oslo. Musical development in Norway since Edvard Grieg has followed either native folk themes or, more recently, international trends.

Sports

Language

Main article: Norwegian language

Official languages: Norwegian (the written standards Bokmål and Nynorsk).
Sami and Finnish are additional official languages of a small number of municipalities.

Literacy:
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 100%
male: NA%
female: NA%

Welfare services

Education is free through the university level and is compulsory from ages 6 to 16. At least 12 months of military service and training are required of every eligible male. Norway's health system includes free hospital care, physician's compensation, cash benefits during illness and pregnancy, and other medical and dental plans. There is a public pension system.

See also