Demographics of Myanmar

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The following is an overview of the demographics of Myanmar, including statistics such as population and religious affiliation.

At the time of the last official census in Myanmar, 31 March 1983, the population was 35,442,972. As of July 2003, this was estimated by the CIA World Factbook to have increased to 42,510,537; however, many other estimates put this much higher, at around 50-60 million. Estimates for Myanmar explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality and death rates, lower population and growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected.

Ethnic groups

Religious affiliation

Religion in Myanmar
  2003 est.
Buddhist 89%
Total Christian 4%
Baptist 3%
Catholic 1%
Total other religions 7%
Muslim 4%
Animist 1%
Others 2%



Miscellaneous statistics

File:Myanmar demography.png
Demographics of Myanmar, Data of FAO, year 2005 ; Number of inhabitants in thousands.

Age structure: (2003 est.)

  • 0-14 years: 28.1% (male 6,091,220; female 5,840,968)
  • 15-64 years: 67% (male 14,162,190; female 14,347,751)
  • 65 years and over: 4.9% (male 916,702; female 1,151,706)

Population growth rate: 0.52% (2003 est.)

Birth rate: 19.15 births/1,000 population (2003 est.)

Death rate: 12.17 deaths/1,000 population (2003 est.)

Net migration rate: -1.81 migrants/1,000 population (2003 est.)

Sex ratios: (2003 est.)

  • at birth: 1.06 males/female
  • under 15 years: 1.04 males/female
  • 15-64 years: 0.99 male/female
  • 65 years and over: 0.8 male/female
  • total population: 0.99 male/female

Infant mortality rate: 70.35 deaths/1,000 live births (2003 est.)

Life expectancy: (2003 est.)

  • total population: 55.79 years
  • male: 54.12 years
  • female: 57.56 years

Total fertility rate: 2.15 children born/woman (2003 est.)

Literacy: (age 15 and over can read and write, official statistics)

  • total population: 83.1%
  • male: 88.7%
  • female: 77.7% (1995 est.)

Languages: Burmese, minority ethnic groups have their own languages

References