Demographics of Cyprus

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Greek and Turkish Cypriots share many customs but maintain distinct identities based on religion, language, and close ties with their respective motherlands. Greek is predominantly spoken in the south, Turkish in the north. English is widely used. Cyprus has a well-developed system of primary and secondary education. The majority of Cypriots earn their higher education at Greek, Turkish, British, or American universities, while there are also sizeable emigrant communities in the United Kingdom and Australia. Private colleges and state-supported universities have been developed by both the Turkish and Greek communities.

Map of ethnic distribution (2002)

(External link to the English version of Le Monde Diplomatique)

Population: 818,200 (End of 2003 - including estimates for Turkish Cypriots)

Population in the Government controlled Area: 730,400 (End of 2003)

Age structure (2002 - 2003):
0-14 years: 20.9% (male 76,600; female 72,600)
15-64 years: 67.3% (male 236,600; female 245,200)
65 years and over: 11.8% (male 37,700; female 84,400)

Population growth rate: 1.6% (2003)

Birth rate: 11.2 births/1,000 population (2003)

Death rate: 7.2 deaths/1,000 population (2003)

Net migration rate: 0.44 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2000 est.)

Sex ratio:
at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.77 male(s)/female
total population: 1 male(s)/female (2000 est.)

Infant mortality rate: 4.1 deaths/1,000 live births (2003)

Life expectancy at birth:
total: 79.2 years
male: 77.0 years
female: 81.4 years (2000 est.)

Total fertility rate: 1.5 (2003)

noun: Cypriot(s)
adjective: Cypriot

Ethnic groups: Greek 78% (99.5% of the Greeks live in the Greek Cypriot area; 0.5% of the Greeks live in the Turkish Cypriot area), Turkish 18% (1.3% of the Turks live in the Greek Cypriot area; 98.7% of the Turks live in the Turkish Cypriot area), other 4% (99.2% of the other ethnic groups live in the Greek Cypriot area; 0.8% of the other ethnic groups live in the Turkish Cypriot area)

Religions: Greek Orthodox 78%, Muslim 18%, Maronite (an Eastern Catholic church in full union with the Pope), Armenian Apostolic, Latin Catholic and other 4%

Languages: Greek, Turkish, English

Literacy (2003):
definition: Has completed primary education (population 15+)
total population: 89.4%
male: 93.1%
female: 86%


Statistical Service of Cyprus: Population and Social Statistics

See also : Cyprus

es:Demografía de Chipre