Demographics of Colombia

From Example Problems
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Demographics of Colombia, Data of FAO, year 2005 ; Number of inhabitants in thousands.

Colombia is the third-most populous country in Latin America, after Brazil and Mexico. Movement from rural to urban areas has been heavy. The urban population increased from 57% of the total population in 1951 to about 74% by 1994. Thirty cities have a population of 100,000 or more. The nine eastern lowlands departments, constituting about 54% of Colombia's area, have less than 3% of the population and a density of less than one person per square kilometer (two persons per sq. mi.).

Ethnic diversity in Colombia is a result of the intermingling of indigenous Indians, Spanish colonists, and Africans. Today, only about 1% of the people can be identified as fully Indian on the basis of language and customs.

Demographic data from the CIA World Factbook


42,954,279 (July 2005 est.)

Age structure

0-14 years: 30.7% (male 6,670,950/female 6,516,371)
15-64 years: 64.2% (male 13,424,433/female 14,142,825)
65 years and over: 5.1% (male 968,127/female 1,231,573) (2005 est.)

Median age

Total: 26.04 years
Male: 25.14 years
Female: 26.93 years (2005 est.)

Population growth rate

1.49% (2005 est.)

Birth rate

20.82 births/1,000 population (2005 est.)

Death rate

5.59 deaths/1,000 population (2005 est.)

Net migration rate

-0.31 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2005 est.)

Sex ratio

At birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
Under 15 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 0.95 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.79 male(s)/female
Total population: 0.96 male(s)/female (2005 est.)

Infant mortality rate

Total: 20.97 deaths/1,000 live births
Male: 24.92 deaths/1,000 live births
Female: 16.89 deaths/1,000 live births (2005 est.)

Life expectancy at birth

Total population: 71.72 years
Male: 67.88 years
Female: 75.7 years (2005 est.)

Total fertility rate

2.56 children born/woman (2005 est.)


Adult prevalence rate: 0.7% (2003 est.)
People living with HIV/AIDS: 190,000 (2003 est.)
Deaths: 3,600 (2003 est.)


Noun: Colombian(s)
Adjective: Colombian

Ethnic groups

Mestizo 58%, white 20%, mulatto 14%, black 4%, mixed black-Amerindian 3%, Amerindian 1%


Roman Catholic 90%, other 10%




Definition: age 15 and over can read and write
Total population: 92.5%
Male: 92.4%
Female: 92.6% (2003 est.)


es:Demografía de Colombia pt:Demografia da Colômbia zh:哥伦比亚人口