Demographics of Bahrain

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Demographics of Bahrain, Data of FAO, year 2005 ; Number of inhabitants in thousands.

Most of the population of Bahrain is concentrated in the two principal cities, Manama and Al Muharraq. The indigenous people—66 percent of the population—are from the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. The most numerous minorities are Europeans and South and East Asians.

Islam is the official religion. Though Shi'a Muslims make up more than two-thirds of the population, Sunni Islam is the prevailing belief held by those in the government, military, and corporate sectors. Roman Catholic and Protestant churches, as well as a tiny indigenous Jewish community, also exist in Bahrain.

Bahrain has traditionally boasted an advanced educational system. Schooling and related costs are entirely paid for by the government, and, although not compulsory, primary and secondary attendance rates are high. Bahrain also encourages institutions of higher learning, drawing on expatriate talent and the increasing pool of Bahrainis returning from abroad with advanced degrees. Bahrain University has been established for standard undergraduate and graduate study, and the College of Health Sciences--operating under the direction of the Ministry of Health--trains physicians, nurses, pharmacists, and paramedics.

Demographic data from the CIA World Factbook


Note: Includes 235,108 non-nationals (July 2005 est.)

Age structure

0-14 years: 27.8% (male 96,807/female 94,863)
15-64 years: 68.7% (male 275,792/female 197,424)
65 years and over: 3.4% (male 12,078/female 11,381) (2005 est.)

Median age

Total: 29.19 years
Male: 32.16 years
Female: 25.54 years (2005 est.)

Population growth rate

1.51% (2005 est.)

Birth rate

18.1 births/1,000 population (2005 est.)

Death rate

4.08 deaths/1,000 population (2005 est.)

Net migration rate

1.04 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2005 est.)

Sex ratio

At birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
Under 15 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 1.4 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 1.06 male(s)/female
Total population: 1.27 male(s)/female (2005 est.)

Infant mortality rate

Total: 17.27 deaths/1,000 live births
Male: 20.17 deaths/1,000 live births
Female: 14.28 deaths/1,000 live births (2005 est.)

Life expectancy at birth

Total population: 74.23 years
Male: 71.76 years
Female: 76.78 years (2005 est.)

Total fertility rate

2.63 children born/woman (2005 est.)


Adult prevalence rate: 0.2% (2001 est.)
People living with HIV/AIDS: Less than 600 (2003 est.)
Deaths: Less than 200 (2003 est.)


Noun: Bahraini(s)
Adjective: Bahraini

Ethnic groups

Bahraini 63% (Many of Persian origin), Asian 19%, Arabs from other countries 10%, Iranian 8%


Shi'a Muslim 70%, Sunni Muslim 30%


Arabic, English, Persian, Urdu


Definition: age 15 and over can read and write
Total population: 89.1%
Male: 91.9%
Female: 85% (2003 est.)


Template:CIA WFB 2005 and the 2003 U.S. Department of State website.