Cuboctahedron

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Template:Infobox Polyhedron with vertfig A cuboctahedron is a polyhedron with eight triangular faces and six square faces. A cuboctahedron has 12 identical vertices, with two triangles and two squares meeting at each, and 24 identical edges, each separating a triangle from a square. As such it is a quasi-regular polyhedron, i.e. an Archimedean solid (vertex-uniform) with in addition edge-uniformity.

File:Cuboctahedron flat.png

Canonical coordinates

The canonical coordinates for the vertices of a cuboctahedron centered at the origin are (±1,±1,0), (±1,0,±1), (0,±1,±1). Its dual polyhedron is the rhombic dodecahedron.

Geometric relations

A cuboctahedron has octahedral symmetry, and its first stellation is the compound of a cube and its dual octahedron, with the vertices of the cuboctahedron located at the midpoints of the edges of either.

Cuboctahedra are important in spherical close packings. Each sphere can have up to twelve neighbors, and in a face-centered cubic lattice these take the positions of a cuboctahedron's vertices. In a hexagonal close packed lattice they correspond to the corners of an anticuboctahedron, formed by twisting a cuboctahedron about one of the four equatorial planes that intersect six vertices. The two halves that each of these planes split the cuboctahedron into are called triangular cupolae, so the anticuboctahedron is also called a triangular orthobicupola. Each of these are Johnson solids.

There are distortions of the cuboctahedron with tetrahedral symmetry that, while no longer edge uniform, are still vertex uniform. These are analogous to the rhombicuboctahedron and rhombicosidodecahedron, and can be made by cutting the edges off a tetrahedron and trimming the resulting hexagonal faces. Cuboctahedra and octahedra together make up one of the Andreini tessellations.

Using a standard nomenclature used for Johnson solids, the cuboctahedron can be called a Triangular gyrobicupola.

Buckminster Fuller applied the name "Dymaxion" to this shape.

The volume of the cuboctahedron is 5/6 of that of the enclosing cube and 5/8 of that of the enclosing octahedron; it is 5/3 √2 times the cube of the length of an edge.

Related polyhedra

The cuboctahedron is a rectified cube and also a rectified octahedron.

Compare:

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See also

External links

de:Kuboktaeder nl:Kuboctaëder zh:截半立方體 ja:立方八面体