Clube de Regatas do Flamengo
The group used to gather at the Café Lamas, in Largo do Machado, and decided to form a rowing team because that was the elite sport in Rio de Janeiro in the late 19th century and they hoped the adventure would make them famous and popular with the young ladies of Rio's high society. They could only afford a used boat, which they called "The Pherusa" and had to undergo a complete reform before it could be used in competition. The team debuted on 6 October 1895, when they sailed off the Caju Point, from the Maria Angu beach having the Flamengo beach as their destination. However, strong winds turned their boat over and they nearly drowned, being rescued by a fishing boat, the Leal ("The Loyal"). During the works to repair the Pherusa, the boat was stolen and never again found. The group then had to save up money to buy a new boat, the "Etoile", renamed "Scyra". On the night of November 15th, the group gathered at Nestor de Barros's manor, at the Flamengo beach and founded the Flamengo Rowing Club, also electing its first board.
Its most popular modality, the football department, started when a group of dissatisfied players from the Fluminense Football Club (note that at the time Flamengo did not compete in football) broke away from the club following a fight with the board. The group of players (Othon de Figueiredo Baena, Píndaro de Carvalho Rodrigues, Emmanuel Augusto Nery, Ernesto Amarante, Armando de Almeida, Orlando Sampaio Matos, Gustavo Adolpho de Carvalho, Lawrence Andrews and Arnaldo Machado Guimarães) went to Flamengo's because the team's captain Alberto Borgeth, who also left, was also a rower for Flamengo. Admittance of the new members was approved on 8 November 1911 and after prevailing over an internal movement against the Club's participation in football tournaments, the members assembly officially created the football team on December 24, 1911.
The new team trained at the Russel beach, and gained the sympathy of the locals, who watched closely their practice games. The first official match was played on 3 May, 1912 and is, to this day, the most spectacular win of the club, as the team defeated the Mangueira team by a score of 15x2. The first FlaxFlu (one of the most famous derbies in Brazilian football, in which Flamengo plays Fluminense) was also played in that year, on 7 July, and was won by Fluminense, by 3x2.
Their home stadium is nominally the José Bastos Padilha Stadium (a.k.a. Gávea Stadium), which was inaugurated on September 4, 1938 and has a capacity of 8,000 fans. Most games, however, are played in the Maracanã (capacity 80,000). They play in horizontal red and black stripes, white shorts with red piping and striped red and black socks.
Over time, the club has come to be known by a number of nicknames, usually used solely by fans to refer to it. Flamengo, although not the official name of the club, is not regarded as a nickname and is widely used to refer not only to the football team, but also to the club in general. "Affective" nicknames used by fans include: "Fla" and "Mengo", the two being breakdowns of the club's name; in addition, other nicknames were created by applying the augmentative to the two previously mentioned nicknames, such as "Flazão" and "Mengão", the latter being by far the most used. Finally, the club can also be referred to by its official colors, as the club is also known as "The Rubro-negro", which could be translated as "The Scarlet-black", in reference to red and black, the official colors. The club's mascot is the vulture (Urubu, in Portuguese). Consequently, fans also consider Urubu as one of the team's nicknames, whereas rival supporters have on occasion used the name in pejorative chants.
- BASKETBALL (MEN)
- Brazilian Champions 1934, 1949, 1951-1960
- State Championship 1919, 1932, 1933 (undefeated), 1934, 1935, 1948, 1949, 1951-60, 1962, 1964, 1975, 1977, 1982, 1984-86, 1990, 1994-96, 1998, 1999, 2002, 2004
- BASKETBALL (WOMEN)
- State Championship 1954, 1964, 1965
- Brazilian Champions 1980, 1982, 1983, 1987 *, 1992
- Copa do Brasil (Brazilian Cup) 1990
- Copa dos Campeões (Champion's Cup) 2001
- Taça São Paulo de Juniores (São Paulo Junior Cup) 1990
- Rio-São Paulo Tournament 1961
- Torneio de Verão (Summer Tournament) 1973
- Taça Belo Horizonte de Juniores 1986, 2003
- Torneio do Povo 1972
- 28 state championships: 1914, 1915, 1920, 1921, 1925, 1927, 1939, 1942-1944, 1953-55, 1963, 1965, 1972, 1974, 1978, 1979, 1979 (special) **, 1981, 1986, 1991, 1996 (undefeated), 1999-2001, 2004
- Taça Guanabara (Guanabara Cup - 1st round of State Championship) 1970, 1972, 1973, 1978-82, 1984, 1988, 1989, 1995, 1996, 1999, 2004
- Torneio Início of the Carioca Championship (original 1st round cup) 1920, 1922, 1946, 1951, 1952, 1959
- Copa Rio (Rio Cup) 1991
- Taça Rio (2nd round of State Championship) 1978, 1983, 1985, 1986, 1991, 1996, 2000, 2001
* In 1987, trouble in the organization of the national tournament spawned a disagreement that persists to this day: In that year, an organization known as the "Club of the Thirteen" was created by 13 of the largest and most traditional football clubs in the country due to their discontent with the governing body of Brazilian football, the CBF. As a result of that, two different tournaments were played parallelly, the "green group", which was organized by the Club of the 13, and the "yellow group", organized by the CBF. Faced with a dilemma and pressured by FIFA to resolve the issue expeditiously, the CBF decided that the champions and vice-champions of the two tournaments would face off in an extra round in which each of the four teams would play the other three. The outcome of the tournament would also determine which two clubs would represent the country in the following year's Copa Libertadores de América. Flamengo, champion of the "green group", and the Sport Club, champion of the "yellow group", however, both rejected the decision, each one considering itself Brazilian champion of 1987. With no way to go, the CBF declared that the Sport Club, winner of the competition it had organized, was the national champion and awarded it and the vice-champion of the "green group" the spots in the Copa Libertadores. Flamengo and the Club of the 13, however, have never recognized the decision and it considers itself to be five times Brazilian champion, using this representation in its official insignia. The controversy was never resolved completely.
** In 1974, the State of Rio de Janeiro was re-merged with the State of Guanabara, which existed as the Federal District during the time when the city of Rio de Janeiro was the nation's capital. However, it was only in 1979 that the two state football tournaments were finally unified. As a transition, the state's football governing body decided that all the teams would have to play in two tournaments, with slightly different formats. The decision was controversial and to this day is questioned, but it led to the dispute of two state championships in that year, both won by Flamengo.
- Troféu Brasil (Brazilian Trophy) 1978, 1980, 1982, 1983, 1985, 1989, 1991, 1995-97
- State Championship 1916, 1920, 1933-37, 1940-43, 1963, 1965, 1969, 1971-81, 1983-97, 2004
- VOLLEYBALL (MEN)
- Troféu dos Campeões Brasileiros (Brazilian Champion's Trophy) 1952
- Copa Sudeste (Southeast Cup) 1993
- Inter-Regional Championship 1995
- State Championship - B Series 1940, 1953
- State Championship 1949, 1951, 1953, 1955, 1959, 1960, 1961, 1977, 1987-89, 1991-96
- Segundos Quadros do RJ (Rio's Second Board Tournament - original B Series) 1953, 1956, 1959-61
- Municipal Championship 1992, 1993, 1996
- VOLLEYBALL (WOMEN)
- Superliga (National Championship) 1978, 1980, 2001
- Rio de Janeiro Tournament 1950
- Torneio Início (Inicio Tournament) 1961
- State Championship - B Series 1953
- State Championship 1938, 1951, 1952, 1954, 1955, 1978, 1979, 1981, 1984, 1999, 2000
- Segundos Quadros do RJ (original State B Series) 1952, 1956, 1957, 1960
- Municipal Championship 1996
- South-American Championship 1981
Flamengo Brazilian League Record
- Volleyball (women)
Clube de Regatas do Flamengo (Official website)