|Home ice||United Center|
|Colors||Red, white, black.|
|League||National Hockey League|
|Head coach||Trent Yawney|
|General manager||Dale Tallon|
|Owner||William W. Wirtz|
The Chicago Blackhawks are a National Hockey League team based in Chicago, Illinois. The nickname of the team was "Black Hawks" before the 1986 NHL season. Their official practice ice is The Edge Ice Arena in Bensenville, Illinois.
- Founded: 1926
- Home arena: United Center.
- Former Arenas: Chicago Coliseum (1926-1928); Chicago Stadium (1929-1994).
- Uniform colors: Red and black, with an Indian's head in sillhouette.
- Stanley Cups won: 3 (1934, 1938, 1961)
- Rivals: Detroit Red Wings, St. Louis Blues.
- One of the NHL's 'Original Six' franchises, along with the Boston Bruins, Detroit Red Wings, Montreal Canadiens, New York Rangers, and Toronto Maple Leafs.
The Chicago Black Hawks joined the NHL in 1926 as part of the league's successful foray into United States-based teams. Most of the Hawks' original players came from the Portland Rosebuds of the Western Hockey League, which had folded the previous season, and the players which were bought out by the Hawks' owner, Frederic McLaughlin.
The Hawks' first season was a moderate success, with the forward line of Mickey MacKay, Babe Dye, and Dick Irvin each finishing near the top of the league's scoring race. The Hawks lost their 1927 first-round playoff series to the Boston Bruins. Following this series, McLaughlin fired head coach Pete Muldoon. According to Jim Coleman, a sportswriter for the Toronto Globe and Mail, Muldoon declared that because of McLaughlin's treachery, "The Black Hawks will never finish first!" At the time, finishing in first place was considered to be as much of an achievement as winning the Stanley Cup. The Curse of Muldoon was born, and became one of the first widely-known sports "curses." While the team would win three Stanley Cups, they would do so without having finished in first place either in a multi-division or a single-league format.
The Hawks proceeded to have the worst record in the league in 1927-28. By 1931 the Hawks reached their first Stanley Cup finals with goal-scorer Johnny Gottselig, Cy Wentworth on defense and Charlie Gardiner in goal, but fizzled in the final two games against the Montreal Canadiens. Chicago had another stellar season in 1932, but that did not translate into playoff success.
The Black Hawks won their first Stanley Cup in 1934 (over the Detroit Red Wings) with Charlie Gardiner's 1.73 goals-against average and Paul Thompson's 20 goals. Sadly, Gardiner died of a tonsil infection two months after the season ended.
After Chicago floundered over the next three years, they were thought to be a laughingstock in 1938 and only barely made the playoffs. They stunned the Montreal Canadiens and New York Americans on overtime goals in the deciding games of both series, advancing to the Stanley Cup finals against the Toronto Maple Leafs. Black Hawks goalie Mike Karakas was injured and couldn't play in the finals. A desperate team pulled minor-leaguer Alfie Moore out of a Toronto bar and onto the ice. In the two games Moore played, he only allowed two goals before Karakas was healthy enough to play again. It was too late for Toronto, as the Hawks won their second championship.
The Hawks got back to the finals in 1944 behind Doug Bentley and Bill Mosienko's 30-goal seasons and their linemate Clint Smith leading the league in assists. After upsetting the Detroit Red Wings in the semi-finals, they were promptly dispatched by the juggernaut Montreal Canadiens in four games.
After two first-round exits at the hands of the eventual champions from Montreal in 1959 and 1960, it was expected that the Canadiens would once again beat the Hawks when they met in the semifinals in 1961. A defensive plan that completely wore down Montreal's superstars did the trick though, as Chicago won the series in six games. They then bested the Detroit Red Wings to win their last Stanley Cup championship.
The Hawks made the finals twice more in the 1960s, losing both times: to the Toronto Maple Leafs in 1962 and Montreal Canadiens in 1965. Chicago remained a force to be reckoned with through the 1960s, with Bobby Hull's four 50-goal seasons in the decade, Mikita winning two scoring titles, Pilote (who won three consecutive Norris Trophies), and Glenn Hall in goal.
In 1967, the last season of the six-team NHL, the Hawks finished first, breaking the supposed Curse of Muldoon, 23 years after the death of Frederic McLaughlin. However, they lost the Stanley Cup Semifinals to the Toronto Maple Leafs. Afterward, sportswriter Jim Coleman, who first printed the story of the curse in 1943, admitted that he made the story up to break a writer's block he had as a column deadline approached.
By this point, with three Stanley Cups and a status as a perennial contender to their credit, the idea of a curse preventing the team from finishing first seemed an entertaining frivolity to Hawks fans. Nevertheless, the team has still not won the Cup since 1961, the longest drought of any current NHL team. (The current Ottawa Senators franchise began play in 1992, named for a team that folded in 1934 and last won the Cup in 1927.) No "curse" has been publicly suggested for the Hawks since, although the Phil Esposito trade is as significant a point of origin as any.
In 1967, the Black Hawks made a trade with the Boston Bruins that turned out to be one of the most one-sided in the history of the sport. Chicago sent Phil Esposito, Ken Hodge, and Fred Stanfield to Boston in exchange for Pit Martin, Jack Norris, and Gilles Marotte. While Martin would star for the Hawks for many years, Esposito, Hodge, and Stanfield would lead the Bruins to the top of the league for several years and capture two Stanley Cups. As a Bruin, Phil Esposito set numerous scoring records and wound up as one of the NHL's all-time greats elected to the Hockey Hall of Fame.
Nonetheless, in 1971, with second-year goalie Tony Esposito (winner of the Calder Memorial Trophy for rookie of the year the previous season), Hull, his younger brother Dennis, Mikita, and sterling defensemen Pat Stapleton and Bill White, the Hawks reached the Stanley Cup Finals before bowing out to the Canadiens. They repeated their appearance in 1973, again losing to Montreal.
For the rest of the 1970s, the Black Hawks made the playoffs each year but were never a serious Stanley Cup contender, losing 16 straight playoff games at one point. The team acquired Bobby Orr from the Boston Bruins in 1976, but ill health forced him to sit out for most of the season, and he eventually retired in 1979. Stan Mikita did the same the following year after playing 23 years in Chicago.
By 1982, the Black Hawks squeaked into the playoffs as the 4th seed in the Norris Division (at the time the top 4 teams in each division automatically made the playoffs), and were one of the league's Cinderella team that year. Led by second-year Denis Savard's 32 goals and 119 points, and Doug Wilson's 39 goals, the Hawks stunned the Minnesota North Stars and St. Louis Blues in the playoffs before losing to another surprise team, the Vancouver Canucks. Chicago proved they were no fluke the next season, also making the 3rd round before losing to the Edmonton Oilers. After an off year in 1984, the Hawks again faced Edmonton and lost in the 3rd round in 1985.
In 1986, while going through the team's records, someone discovered the team's original NHL contract, and found that the name "Blackhawks" was printed as one word, not two, as "Black Hawks," the way most sources had always been printing it and as the team had always officially listed it. So the name officially became "Chicago Blackhawks" from that point forward.
In the late 1980s Chicago still made the playoffs on an annual basis, but made early-round exits each time. It wasn't for a lack of offense though: Savard and Steve Larmer each consistently scored 30 goals a season.
In 1989, after three straight first-round defeats, and despite a 4th-place finish in their division in the regular season, Chicago made it to the Conference Finals in the rookie season of both goalie Ed Belfour and center Jeremy Roenick. Once again though, they would fail to make the Stanley Cup finals, losing to the eventual champion Calgary Flames.
The following season the Hawks did prove they were late-round playoff material, running away with the Norris Division title, but, yet again, the third round continued to stymie them, this time against the Edmonton Oilers. In 1991 Chicago was poised to fare even better in the playoffs, winning the Presidents' Trophy for best regular-season record, but the Minnesota North Stars stunned them in 6 games in the first round en route to an improbable Stanley Cup Finals appearance.
In 1992 the Blackhawks, with Roenick scoring 53 goals, Chris Chelios (acquired from Montreal two years previously) on defense, and Belfour and future superstar Dominik Hasek splitting the goaltending duties, finally reached the final round. They were no match for Mario Lemieux and the Pittsburgh Penguins, losing in 4 straight games.
Belfour posted a 40-win season in 1993 as the Hawks looked to go deep yet again, but the St. Louis Blues stunned Chicago with a first round sweep.
After a near-.500 season in 1994, the Blackhawks moved out of the old Chicago Stadium and into the new United Center in the lockout-shortened 1995 season. Bernie Nichols and Joe Murphy both scored 20 goals over 48 games, and Chicago once again made it to the third round, losing to the Detroit Red Wings.
Eric Daze, Alexei Zhamnov, Tony Amonte, and goalie Jocelyn Thibault emerged as three of the team's leading stars by this time. However, Chicago missed the playoffs for 4 straight years until they took a quick first-round exit in 2002.
Amonte left for Phoenix in the summer of 2002, and Chicago missed the playoffs again in 2003.
Following the lockout of the 2004-2005 season, new General Manager Dale Tallon set about restructuring the team in the hopes of making a playoff run. Tallon made several moves in the summer of 2005, most notably the signing of Stanley Cup-winning goalie Nikolai Khabibulin and All-Star defenseman Adrian Aucoin.
|Number||Player||Catches||Acquired||Place of Birth|
|31||Template:Flagicon||Craig Anderson||L||2001||Park Ridge, Illinois|
|53||Template:Flagicon||Nikolai Khabibulin||L||2005||Sverdlovsk, U.S.S.R.|
|Number||Player||Shoots||Acquired||Place of Birth|
|2||Template:Flagicon||Duncan Keith||L||2002||Winnipeg, Manitoba|
|5||Template:Flagicon||Jassen Cullimore||L||2004||Simcoe, Ontario|
|6||Template:Flagicon||Jaroslav Spacek||L||2005||Rokycany, Czechoslovakia|
|7||Template:Flagicon||Brent Seabrook||R||2003||Richmond, British Columbia|
|23||Template:Flagicon||Jim Vandermeer||L||2004||Caroline, Alberta|
|27||Template:Flagicon||Todd Simpson||L||2005||North Vancouver, British Columbia|
|33||Template:Flagicon||Adrian Aucoin - C||R||2005||Ottawa, Ontario|
|Number||Player||Shoots||Positon||Acquired||Place of Birth|
|14||Template:Flagicon||Rene Bourque||L||LW||2004||Lac La Biche, Alberta|
|15||Template:Flagicon||Tuomo Ruutu||L||C||2001||Vantaa, Finland|
|16||Template:Flagicon||Matt Ellison||R||RW||2002||Duncan, British Columbia|
|17||Template:Flagicon||Mikael Holmqvist||L||C||2005||Stockholm, Sweden|
|19||Template:Flagicon||Kyle Calder - A||L||LW||1997||Mannville, Alberta|
|22||Template:Flagicon||Martin Lapointe - A||R||RW||2005||Ville Ste-Pierre, Québec|
|28||Template:Flagicon||Mark Bell||L||LW||1998||St. Paul's, Ontario|
|32||Template:Flagicon||Pavel Vorobiev||L||RW||2000||Karaganda, U.S.S.R.|
|34||Template:Flagicon||Jim Dowd||R||C||2005||Brick Township, New Jersey|
|36||Template:Flagicon||Matthew Barnaby||L||RW||2004||Ottawa, Ontario|
|37||Template:Flagicon||Curtis Brown||L||C||2004||Unity, Saskatchewan|
|39||Template:Flagicon||Tyler Arnason||L||C||1998||Oklahoma City, Oklahoma|
|55||Template:Flagicon||Eric Daze (Injured Reserve)||L||LW/RW||1993||Montréal, Québec|
- Dick Irvin 1926-29
- Duke Dukowski 1929-30
- Ty Arbour 1930-31
- Cy Wentworth 1931-32
- Helge Bostrom 1932-33
- Chuck Gardiner 1933-34
- no captain 1934-35
- John Gottselig 1935-40
- Earl Seibert 1940-42
- Doug Bentley 1942-44
- Clint Smith 1944-45
- John Mariucci 1945-46
- Red Hamill 1946-47
- John Mariucci 1947-48
- Gaye Stewart 1948-49
- Doug Bentley 1949-50
- Jack Stewart 1950-52
- Bill Gadsby 1952-54
- Gus Mortson 1954-57
- no captain 1957-58
- Ed Litzenberger 1958-61
- Piere Pilote 1961-68
- no captain 1968-69
- Pat Stapleton 1969-70
- no captain 1970-75
- Stan Mikita & Pit Martin 1975-76
- Stan Mikita, Pit Martin & Keith Magnuson 1976-77
- Keith Magnuson 1977-79
- Keith Magnuson & Terry Ruskowski 1979-80
- Terry Ruskowski 1980-82
- Darryl Sutter 1982-87
- no captain 1987-88
- Denis Savard & Dirk Graham 1988-89
- Dirk Graham 1989-95
- Chris Chelios 1995-99
- Doug Gilmour 1999-00
- Tony Amonte 2000-02
- Alexei Zhamnov 2002-04
- no captain 2004-05
- Adrian Aucoin 2005-
Not to be forgotten
- 1 Glenn Hall
- 9 Bobby Hull
- 18 Denis Savard
- 21 Stan Mikita
- 35 Tony Esposito
- 99 Wayne Gretzky (retired league-wide by the NHL)
- List of Chicago Blackhawks players
- Head Coaches of the Chicago Blackhawks
- List of Stanley Cup champions
- List of NHL seasons
- List of NHL players