Applied mathematics is a branch of mathematics that concerns itself with the application of mathematical knowledge to other domains. Such applications include numerical analysis, mathematical physics, mathematics of engineering, linear programming, optimization and operations research, continuous modelling, mathematical biology and bioinformatics, information theory, game theory, probability and statistics, financial mathematics, actuarial science, cryptography and hence combinatorics and even finite geometry to some extent, graph theory as applied to network analysis, and a great deal of what is called computer science.
The question of what is applied mathematics does not answer to logical classification so much as to the sociology of professionals who use mathematics. The mathematical methods are usually applied to the specific problem field by means of a mathematical model of the system.
Engineering mathematics describes physical processes, and so is often indistinguishable from theoretical physics. Important subdivisions include: fluid dynamics, acoustic theory, Maxwell's equations that govern electromagnetism, mechanics, numerical relativity, etc.
- The Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics is a professional society dedicated to promoting the interaction between mathematics and other scientific and technical communities.da:Anvendt matematik
de:Angewandte Mathematik es:Matemática aplicada eo:Aplika matematiko fr:Mathématiques appliquées he:מתמטיקה שימושית pt:Matemática aplicada ro:Matematică aplicată ru:Прикладная математика su:Matematik terapan th:คณิตศาสตร์ประยุกต์ vi:Toán học ứng dụng zh:应用数学